A. Nationalism: a force for

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III. 24.3 Nationalism

-Nationalism contributes to the formation of ______ new nations and a new ____________ order in Europe.

A. Nationalism: A Force for _______________________________________________________

*Two Views of __________________________

–Nationalists use their common bonds to build ______________________________

–Rulers eventually use __________________ to unify their subjects

–Three different types of nationalist movements:

unification __________________ culturally similar lands

separation splits off culturally ______________________ groups

state-building binds __________________ cultures into one


Examples of unification nationalist movements: Characteristics:

Examples of separation nationalist movements: Characteristics:

Examples of state-building nationalist movements: Characteristics:

B. Nationalism Shakes Aging Empires

a. The Breakup of the Austrian Empire (___________________ Nationalism)

–Austria includes people from many ethnic groups

–1866 defeat in ____________________________________ (Seven Weeks War) and Hungarian __________________ forces emperor to _____________ the empire into _______________ and _______________________

•still ruled by same emperor

-Flag of Austria-Hungary representing ______ kingdoms, but ruled by ______ emperor. This was a concession to Hungarian _______________________.

b. The Russia Empire Crumbles (Separation Nationalism)

–After 370 years, Russian czars begin losing control over their empire

•policy further ______________________ Russia, strengthens _____________ nationalism
c. The Ottoman Empire Weakens (Separation Nationalism)

–_________________________ tensions among ethnic groups weakens the empire.

–Rulers grant __________________ to all groups, outraging Turks.

•In response to nationalism by the _________________________—Ottomans deported/massacred them

C. Case Study: _______________

•Cavour Leads Italian Unification

Camillo di Cavour—prime minister of the ___________________________________ in 1852

–Gets ________________ help to win control of ____________________-controlled Italian land

•Garibaldi Brings Unity

Giuseppe Garibaldi—leads __________________who conquer southern Italy

–Cavour convinces Garibaldi to __________ southern Italy with Sardinia

–_________________________ steps aside, allowing the king of Sardinia to rule

–Control of Venetia and _______________________ finally unites Italy
D. Case Study: ________________

•Bismarck ___________ Germany (Unification)

–Beginning in 1815, thirty-nine German states form the German ______________

•___________________ Leads German Unification

–Prussia has advantages that help it to unify Germany

•mainly German population

•powerful army

•creation of liberal ________________

•______________________ Takes Control

Junkers—conservative wealthy landowners—support Prussian Wilhelm I

–Junker realpolitik master Otto von Bismarck becomes prime minister

Realpolitik—power politics without room for _______________

•“politics of _______________”

–Bismarck defies Prussian parliament

•Prussia Expands—Seven Weeks War

–Prussia and Austria fight Denmark, gain two provinces

–Quick victory makes other German nations respect Prussia
•The Franco-Prussian War

–Bismarck provokes war with France to unite all Germans

–Wilhelm is crowned ________________—emperor of a united Germany—at Versailles

–Bismarck creates a Germany united under ___________________ dominance.

E. A Shift in Power

•Balance Is _______________

–In 1815 the Congress of Vienna established ______________ powers in Europe:






–By 1871, __________________and Prussia (now _____________________ ) have gained much power

–Austria and ________________ are weaker militarily and economically

IV. Revolutions in the Arts

A. Romanticism: movement that reflected deep interest both in ______________ and in the thoughts and ______________________ of the individual.

– a turn from reason to ________________

–Placed value on _____________________ people and individuality

–Promoted radical change and democracy

–Focused on the mysterious, supernatural, exotic, ________________ and the horrifying

–**Nationalism sparked _________________________

B. Romantic Music

1.Ludwig van Beethoven

–Evolved from ______________________ music (Enlightenment) to romantic music—led the way

–His music celebrated _________________, dignity and the triumph of the human ______________

2. Frederic Chopin: ______________________ composer

-used polish dance rhythms in his work

-spread polish _________________ through his work

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