A narrative of Captivity



Download 11.28 Kb.
Date02.06.2016
Size11.28 Kb.
Compare and contrast the narratives of Mary Rowlandson and Olaudah Equiano, focusing on their experiences and their reactions to their captivity.

from A Narrative of Captivity (40- ) by Mary Rowlandson and from The Interesting narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano (57- ) by Olaudah Equiano







A Narrative of Captivity (40- ) by Mary Rowlandson

The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano (57- ) by Olaudah Equiano

Purpose of narrative

“She did not want merely to record her horrifying experience; she wished to demonstrate how it revealed God’s purpose” (“Mary Rowlandson” 38).

Considered first great African American autobiography; raised awareness about slavery and promoted emancipation; he was an active abolitionist (“Olaudah Equiano” 56)

Background

written after the events but within two years of her ransom (as she died two years after gaining freedom); highly popular in 17th century England who “were eager for lurid tales of native inhabitants” (“Captivity Narratives” 42); “inspired a mass of imitations” (42); first person POV (limited, no perspective on events that may have provoked the Indians; “chronicles her experience as a captive of the Wampanoag during King Philip’sWar in 1675” (TM 40)

written after the events occurred; published in 1789 in England; widely read in America as well as “abroad” (56);

How captured

in a raid by Native Americans on settlers; during wars between settlers and Native Americans

by African slave traders

Age

adult

age 11

Why captured

for ransom money or bartering for food and needed supplies (“Mary Rowlandson” 38)

slave trade; for sugar plantations in West Indies

Treatment by captors

little food, separated from family, warned there would be negative results if her sick child were discovered; has been sold to a series of masters as a wife; eventually given more food, a Bible; allowed to see her daughter and son; is allowed to earn money; women seem to be talking to her—overall treatment seems to be improving; eventually freed after ransom paid (“Mary Rowlandson” 38)

not bad by first captor and series of men involved in slave trade; sold to a family who treated him with respect and even allowed him to eat before their son (because the son was younger); conditions on the ship are bad; on the ship forced to eat, beaten if did not eat; other captors were scourged severely; sold again in Barbados, West Indies —overall the treatment seems to be deteriorating

Attitudes toward captors

thinks they are mistreating her by not giving her food; eventually finds the Indians didn’t have food either; seems to be being acculturated into the community

shocked that would be captured; neutral toward first owners (captors), felt family respected him; fearful of men on ship (even thinking they might eat him); more uncertainty about future in America

How freed

ransom paid

bought freedom in 1766 after 10 years as slave

Religion depicted

numerous allusions to Bible; treatment by captors is seen as punishment or reward from God (like others); find specific examples of these;


ends with chastisement of Christians who should follow Golden Rule (65)



Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
send message

    Main page