A. Buccaneers Protestantism and Plunder Sir Francis Drake



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Colonization
I. England

A. Buccaneers – Protestantism and Plunder – Sir Francis Drake

B. Roanoke Island – 1585 – “lost colony” – forgotten during war – CROATOAN

C. Reasons for Colonization

1. Enclosure – small farmers forced out

2. Unemployed farmers

3. Primogeniture – oldest son

4. Joint Stock Company – investment

5. Peace with Spain

6. Adventure


II. South – Rivers, plantations, seasons – suitable for farming – started by single males

  1. Virginia - Jamestown – Virginia Company – Starving Time – Pocahontas – John Smith

    1. “He who shall not work shall not eat” – John Smith

    2. wrong type of explorers/colonists – age, gender, motivation – gold

    3. John Rolfe – Tobacco – “bewitching weed”

  2. Maryland – Catholic haven

  3. West Indies – Sugar – absentee slave owners – mostly male slaves

  4. Carolinas – linked to W. Indies – Charles

    1. N. Carolina – less aristocratic, independent, some outcasts, religious

  5. Georgia – buffer zone and philanthropic experiment – new start for criminals

III. Northern Colonies – Protestant, shipping, fishing, small farms, harsh winters, harbors



  1. Protestant Reformation – Puritanism – Church of England not reformed/true

    1. Puritans – Separatists – Holland – Mayflower – landed N. of Virginia

      1. Brought “strangers” – useful labor

      2. Mayflower Compact – gov’t by majority

      3. Plymouth Colony – not large or important economically

    2. Non-Separatists – change English religion from within – interact

      1. Massachussetts Bay Colony – City on a Hill – 11 ships, 1000

      2. Church and state – theocracy

      3. Protestant work ethic – follow your calling – God likes effort

    3. Anti-Puritan – Anne Hutchinson – meetings, questioned teaching/banish

    4. Rhode Island – Roger Williams “new and dangerous opinions”

      1. Believed – pay Indians for land, separate church/state, outcasts

    5. Connecticut – Thomas Hooker – women’s rights – Fundamental Orders

    6. New Hampshire – fishing

IV. Middle Colonies – fertile soil, industry, shipbuilding, some aristocrats, plantations/small – farms

    1. New York – Old Netherlands – Dutch company – aristocratic

    2. Delaware – New Sweden

    3. Pennysylvania – William Penn – pacifist, bought Indian land

IV. New England Confederation – 1643 – unite for Indians/runaways/internal problems


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