Spanish Conquest: The conquering of the Native Americans by the Spanish.
__________________: Ancient Aztec capital
________________: People of mixed Spanish & Native American heritage
Maquiladoras: Factories in Mexico that turn imported materials into finished products for export.
NAFTA: North American Free Trade Agreement
Native Americans & the Spanish Conquest
The rich fabric of native life in Mexico was torn apart by the Spanish conquest. In 1519 Hernando __________ landed on the coast of Mexico & marched until he reached the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan (present day Mexico City). By 1521 he & his soldiers had conquered the Aztecs.
Until 1821 Mexico remained apart of the _______________ Empire.
Spanish influence still remains in Mexico with it’s language & Catholic religion.
Mexico has large mestizo population – people of mixed ____________ & Native American heritage.
Economics: Cities & Factories
Mexico continues to struggle with two main economic challenges.
1. Attempting to close a long-standing gap between the ________ & the ___________. (Haves & Have Nots) *Income Gap
2. Attempting to develop a modern industrial economy.
Many people are moving to the __________ seeking jobs, largely abandoning their farming roots. *urbanization!
Most factories or Maquiladoras’ are located along the border of the US. (Why? Think NAFTA)
Central America & the Caribbean
Places & Terms
Cultural hearth: Heartland or place of origin of a major culture.
_______________: Ship canal cut through Panama connecting the Caribbean Sea with the Pacific Ocean.
Reggae: Music developed in Jamaica in the 1960’s. Blends African, Caribbean, & American music often dealing with social and religious problems.
Calypso: Music developed in Trinidad and blends elements of _________, Spain, & the Caribbean.
Treaty of _____________: Treaty between Spain & Portugal in 1494 that gave Portugal control over the land that is present day Brazil.
Carnival: The most _______________ feast day in Brazil.(think Mardi Gras)
Samba: Brazilian _________________ with African Influences.
Capoeira: Martial Arts dance developed in Brazil from African influences.
The Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) gave _________ control over much of the land that became present-day Brazil. South America became a continent divided into the Spanish speaking west & the Portuguese-speaking east.
Brazilian Life Today
The most colorful feast day in Brazil is ______________. Floats and parade through the streets of Rio de Janeiro and people dance to the music of the samba.
There is a widening ____________ between the rich & the poor much like other Latin American countries resulting in crime _________ and _________ abuse.
Chapter 10 Quiz
1. The Aztec Empire fell under the rule of Spain as a result of