A. Activities of the Rapporteurships


Rapporteurship on the Rights of Migrants



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3. Rapporteurship on the Rights of Migrants





  1. The Rapporteurship is headed by Commissioner Felipe González.




  1. The team that supports the Rapporteurship worked during this period on three thematic reports: the report on "Human Rights Situation of Families, Unaccompanied and Non-Migrant Refugee Boys and Girls in the United States of America;" the report on the situation of the Dominican Republic, which is currently being edited; and the report on "Human Rights of Migrants, Refugees, Stateless Persons, Victims of Human Trafficking, and Internally Displaced Persons. Norms and Standards of the Inter-American System."




  1. As for the country and thematic reports, in the framework of the 155th session, on July 24, the Commission adopted the report on "Refugees and Migrants in the United States: Families and Unaccompanied Children." The report reviewed the measures that the United States has been adopting to address the exponential rise in the arrival of refugees and migrants into U.S. territory, especially families and unaccompanied boys and girls, coming from the countries of the Northern Triangle of Central America (El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras) and from Mexico since mid-2014. In greater detail, the report examines the impact that the actions taken by state agents have on access to procedures to identify the condition of the refugees, the automatic and widespread use of the migratory detention of families, the procedural guarantees in the framework of migratory procedures, and deportations in the light of the international human rights obligations of the United States of America.




  1. In the framework of its 156th regular session, on October 22, 2015, the IACHR held the event for presenting the above-mentioned report at IACHR headquarters in Washington. At the panel for presenting the report, the following spoke: Commissioner Rose-Marie Belle Antoine, Chair of the IACHR; Commissioner Felipe González, Rapporteur on the Rights of Migrants and the Country Rapporteur for the United States; Commissioner Rosa María Ortiz, Rapporteur on the Rights of the Child; Emilio Álvarez-Icaza L., Executive Secretary of IACHR; Mary Giovagnoli, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Immigration Policy of the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS); Jennifer Podkul, Senior Program Officer for the Migrant Rights and Justice Program of the Women's Refugee Council (WRC); and Chiara Cardoletti-Carroll, Deputy Regional Representative of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Washington. This event benefited from the support of the Partnership for Migrations in Central America and Mexico (CAMMINA).



  1. During the 156th regular session, the Rapporteurship also concluded a draft report on the Dominican Republic and a draft report on “Human Rights of Migrants, Refugees, Stateless Persons, Victims of Human Trafficking, and Internally Displaced Persons. Norms and Standards of the Inter-American System,” which is in the process of being adopted by the Commission. The draft report on the Dominican Republic focuses on examining matters relative to the right to a nationality, the right to legal status, the right to equality and nondiscrimination with respect to persons of Haitian descent born in Dominican territory, as well as matters regarding the human rights of migrant persons in the Dominican Republic. Furthermore, the draft report entitled "Human Rights of Persons in the Context of Human Mobility: Standards of the Inter-American Human Rights System" represents the principal project developed by the IACHR in terms of identification, systematization, and review of the standards that the Inter-American Commission and Court have developed with respect to the rights of persons in the context of human mobility. This draft report conducts a wide-ranging review of the standards that have been set by the bodies of the Inter-American System on the basis of case reports, judgments, consultative opinions, and thematic and country reports with respect to migrants, asylum seekers, refugees, stateless persons, victims of human trafficking, internally displaced persons, and persons subject to extradition.



  1. The Rapporteurship participated in and carried out the following activities in 2015:




  • On April 8, 2015, Commissioner Felipe González participated in the Colloquium “Migrant Children: the Advisory Opinion of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights”, organized by the Human Rights Centre of the Diego Portales University in Santiago, Chile.




  • In the framework of the Regional Forum on Freedom of Movement, International Protection, and Integration in Latin America held on April 28, 2015, the Rapporteurship gave a presentation on the rules and standards developed by the Inter-American Human Rights System with respect to the use of migratory detention. This forum was held in Quito, Ecuador, and was organized by the Public Defender's Office of Ecuador, the South America Chapter of the Inter-American Association of Public Defenders (AIDEF), UNCHR, the International Detention Coalition (IDC), Asylum Access Ecuador, and the Ecuador's National Institute for Advanced Studies (Instituto de Altos Estudios Nacionales―IAEN). The Forum was addressed to civil servants of the Public Defender's Offices, as well as members of human rights defense bodies and civil society organizations.




  • On May 7, 2015, the Caribbean Human Rights Center held the Third Forum on Human Rights at the Universidad del Norte in Barranquilla, Colombia. In the framework of this forum, the Rapporteurship made a presentation on its work and the mechanisms that IACHR has available to protect migrants and other persons in the context of human mobility in the Americas. The Forum was attended by university students, professors, members of legal clinics, and human rights defenders of Colombia's Caribbean region.




  • Commissioner Felipe González, Rapporteur on the Rights of Migrants, participated in a meeting of experts on "Moving away from the Death Penalty: Protection of the rights of persons facing the death penalty abroad, including migrants, organized by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on June 16-17, 2015 in Geneva, Switzerland. Commissioner González made a presentation on the standards developed by the Inter-American System with respect to the right to consular assistance for migrants and on the death penalty.




  • At the invitation of the UNCHR, the Rapporteurship participated in the Meeting on Brazil's Action Plan and the Role of Civil Society Organizations in the Americas on June 24-25, 2015 in Santo Tomás de Santo Domingo de Heredia, Costa Rica. In the framework of this meeting, the Rapporteurship made two presentations, the first on the various actions that the IACHR has been taking to promote and protect the right to a nationality and the elimination of statelessness in the Americas, and the second on the principal challenges identified in the region with respect to persons subject to international protection and the standards developed by the IACHR and the Inter-American Court to protect these persons This activity was widely attended by members of civil society organizations from most countries of the Americas, UNCHR officials, and academics.




  • On August 10, 2015, in São Paulo, Brazil, the seminar on Migration and Brazil: Breakthroughs and Challenges for a New Law was held, organized by Conectas. In the framework of the seminar, Commissioner Felipe González, Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants, made a presentation on international human rights rules and standards for migrants. The seminar also tackled the situation of Brazil's migratory agenda, as well as the challenges in adopting a new Law on Migration that would be in line with the human rights obligations that Brazil has accepted to fulfill. The principal barriers preventing migrants from effectively exercising their rights were also addressed.




  • On September 10 to 12, 2015, Commissioner Felipe Gonzalez, as Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants and Rapporteur for Venezuela, and Commissioner José de Jesús Orozco Henríquez, as Rapporteur for Colombia, as well as Executive Secretary Emilio Álvarez Icaza, and specialists of the IACHR Executive Secretariat, participated in a visit to Colombia's border with Venezuela. This visit was aimed at monitoring the human rights situations of Colombian migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers who had been deported or returned to Colombia after the closing of the main border crossing between San Antonio, state of Táchira, in Venezuela, and Cúcuta, department of Norte de Santander, in Colombia, on August 19, 2015, and after the declaration of a state of exception by the President of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, on August 21, 2015.




  • On September 18, 2015, in Mexico City, Mexico, the Rapporteurship participated in the Meeting of the Advisory Council of the Performance Protocol for those who impart justice in cases involving migrants subject to international protection. This meeting was organized by Sin Fronteras I.A.P., under the auspices of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation of Mexico, and was attended by other representatives of the Advisory Council, such as the Legal and Social Studies Center (Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales―CELS) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNCHR).




  • In the framework of the 156th period of sessions of the IACHR, on October 19, Commissioner Felipe González Morales met with various nongovernmental organizations of the region working to promote and protect the human rights of persons under the mandate of the Rapporteurship on the Human Rights of Migrants. At the meeting, which took place at IACHR headquarters, the Rapporteur and the organizations discussed some of the principal challenges in terms of the human rights of migrants and their families, asylum seekers, refugees, stateless persons, victims of human trafficking, and internally displaced persons, as well as other groups of vulnerable persons in the context of human mobility.




  • On October 21, 2015, the Rapporteurship made a presentation in the framework of the Working Meeting on Best Legal Practices to Protect the Human Rights of Migrants Subject to International Protection, organized by Sin Fronteras I.A.P. in Washington D.C. This working meeting was also sponsored and attended by the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation of Mexico, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNCHR), and Asylum Access Ecuador.




  • On October 22, 2015, Commissioner Felipe Gonzalez made a presentation on the principal challenges for the prevention and elimination of statelessness in the Americas in the framework of the First Annual Conference of the Americas Network on Nationality and Statelessness (Red de las Américas sobre Nacionalidad y Apatridia―ANA). This conference was convened by the Americas Network on Nationality and Statelessness (ANA), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Open Society Justice Initiative, and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. It was held at the Commission's headquarters in Washington, D.C., United States. At this first annual conference, there were presentations by Eduardo Freitas de Oliveira, Representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Brazil, and Waleska Abusada, Representative of the Department of Aliens and Migration of Chile, who made presentations about the actions and best practices that Brazil and Chile have been developing to prevent and eliminate statelessness.




  • On October 29 and 3, 2015, Commissioner Felipe González, Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants, and Commissioner Tracy Robinson, Country Rapporteur for The Bahamas, participated in a series of academic activities organized by the Eugene Dupuch Law School and The College of The Bahamas in Nassau, The Bahamas. On October 29, they participated in a panel on the Inter-American Human Rights System and the Caribbean. On the following day, on Friday, October 30, they participated as judges in a moot court on the Inter-American Human Rights System organized by the Eugene Dupuch Law School with students attending that school. On the occasion of this visit, Commissioner Robinson and Commissioner González held a meeting of protocol with the Minister of Legal Affairs of The Bahamas, Damian Gomez; the Parliamentary Secretary for the Department of Immigration of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cleola Hamilton; and the Director of Immigration, William Pratt.




  • On November 25, 2015, Commissioner Felipe González participated in the Specialization in Migration and Asylum from a Human Rights Perspective, of the National University of Lanús, Buenos Aires, Argentina.




  • In the framework of the International Seminar on Migrations, Nationality, and Human Rights: Trends and Challenges in South America held on December 1, 2015, Commissioner Felipe González made a presentation on the right to nationality and the situation of stateless persons in the region. This seminar was organized by the Legal and Social Studies Center (Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales―CELS), Chile's Jesuit Service for Migrants, the Human Rights Center of the Universidad Diego Portales and the Universidad Alberto Hurtado of Chile. The Seminar was attended by experts from international agencies of the Inter-American System and the United Nations System; government representatives of Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Chile, and Paraguay; as well as academics, researchers, and representatives of nongovernmental organizations.





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