80 Sisters Purpose: Many people studying history conclude that men have exercised most power in history and that those men, while writing history, have neglected women’s achievements. This activity is meant to compensate; it focuses upon Herstory.
Directions: In whatever source books you can find, look up these sisters and see what significant achievements women have made during our American past. Match a name to an achievement; write both the sister’s number and name in the space provided on the 80 Sisters’ Achievements sheet. This assignment is due May 20. 1. Jane Addams 41. Anita Hill
38. Sarah and Angelina Grimke 78. Mary Ellen Walker
39. Lorainne Hansberry 79. Mae West
Helen Hayes 80. Frances Wright
1. __________________________ A leading intellectual force among 19th century feminists; key person behind the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848.
2. __________________________ Famous aviatrix of the 1930s; never seen again after she took off on a round-the-world flight in 1937.
3. _________________________ Left South Carolina cotton fields to get educated; set-up school for poor black children; worked with various black organizations; consultant to founding conference of United Nations.
4. _________________________ Exposed horrific conditions in mental institutions; influenced changes in 15 states’ mental institution before the Civil War.
5. _________________________ Spied during the Civil War for the Confederates, disguised as Lt. Harry T. Buford.
6. _________________________ First famous American speaker for women’s rights; horrified many Americans with her ideas of communal living and free love.
7. _________________________ Her 1902 articles on the Standard Oil Company were some of the most important writings during the Muckraking movement.
8. _________________________ Talented black writer of the 20th century; author of the play “Raisin in the Sun”.
9. __________________________ Well-educated Southerner who talked her father into freeing slaves; spied for the Union during the Civil War.
10. __________________________ Aristocratic Southerner who jointed the abolitionist movement.
11. __________________________ Black poet; first African American to win Pulitzer Prize in 1950.
12. __________________________ Performed research on genes; awarded the Nobel Prize.
13. __________________________ Author of over a dozen best-selling novels; playwright; Pulitzer Prize winner.
14. __________________________ Organizer of the National Organization of Colored Women.
15. _________________________ Civil War nurse; founder of the American Red Cross.
16. __________________________ Unrecognized “military genius” of Lincoln’s cabinet whose suggestions helped achieve several Union victories.
17. _________________________ Founder of Chicago’s Hull House; co-winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.
18. __________________________ Very possibly the first black woman to lead the fight for both civil rights and women’s rights; powerful platform speaker.
19. __________________________ One of America’s most lyrical poets during the 1920s and 1930s; Pulitzer Prize winner in 1922.
20. __________________________ Introduced a new mode of dress that gave 19th-century women freer physical movement.
21. __________________________ Lonely Massachusetts lady with dominating father; considered by some critics the finest woman poet in literary history.
22. _________________________ At 16 already organizing the IWW (“The Wobblies”); became communist, jailed.
23. _________________________ Famous 19th-century American sculptor; many commissions and awards.
24. _________________________ Drunken husband inspired her to become leading temperance figure who attacked barrooms and saloons with her hatchet.
25. _________________________ Denied funds to go to college by father before Civil War; saved own money, graduated from Oberlin; became renowned orator for women’s suffrage.
26. _________________________ Black conductor of Underground Railroad who personally helped over 300 slaves escape to the North.
27. _________________________ Painter invited by Degas to show her work with other leading Impressionists in 1877.
28. _________________________ Most famous spokesperson for Women’s Lib in early 1970s.
29. _________________________ First woman to be elected to Congress; her pacifism led her to vote against entering World Wars I and II.
30. _________________________ First female photojournalist hired for Fortune Magazine and Life Magazine; photographer of soldiers in WWII and Korean War.
31. _________________________ Served in Civil War in male attire as first woman assistant Army Surgeon; first woman to receive Congressional Medal of Honor.
32. _________________________ Designed Sacagewea coin; designed the Vietnam Women’s Memorial.
33. _________________________ Anthropologist and social evolutionist whose studies of various societies have helped destroy social myths.
34. __________________________ First woman ordained as a Methodist minister (1880); later received an M.D. degree in her spare time.
35. __________________________ Considered the mother of the grocery bag; prolific inventor receiving over 26 patents, inventions include a numbering machine, window frame and sash, and a rotary engine.
36. _________________________ Nineteenth-century suffragist who symbolizes the long fight that gave women the vote.
_________________________ Came from working the cotton fields to become the first African American female millionaire; philanthropist, activist.
38. _________________________ First woman ordained to the ministry in America (and probably the world) in 1853.
39. _________________________ A leading 19th century intellectual; transcendentalist in Concord, Massachusetts; wrote Women in the Nineteenth Century in 1844.
40. _________________________ Suffragist; first woman superintendent of schools in Iowa; key founder of the League of Women Voters in 1920.
_________________________ Described as the best woman mountain climber America ever produced; first woman ever to do a “manless” climb in 1929; in 1932 successfully climbed the Matterhorn sans men.
42. _________________________ Said, “Marriage is for the women who fail in every other way.”
43. __________________________ International anarchist who fought in America and abroad for the downtrodden and the poor; deported in 1919.
44. _________________________ Very possibly influenced the creation of the cotton gin (did Eli Whitney merely put the machine together following her suggestion?).
45. _________________________ First black congresswoman; ran for president in 1972.
46. _________________________ Granted a charter in 1836 to start a college for women, she raised $30,000 to open Mt. Holyoke Seminary.
47. _________________________ Author of The Feminine Mystique (1963), a book that helped start the women’s lib movement during that decade.
48. _________________________ Birmingham black woman who was “too tired” and wouldn’t yield her seat to a white; started Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott of 1955.
49. _________________________ Wrote sensitive novels with heroines symbolizing the women how settled the western plains.
50. _________________________ After nearly two decades of basement experiments; received a patent for a fire-resistant building material to replace asbestos; received Woman Making History Award in 1998.
51. _________________________ Mathematical genius who helped usher in the computer age; invented first automatic computer program and several computer languages; coined the term “computer bug”.
52. ________________________ Twentieth-century pioneer fighting to legalize the distribution of birth control information.
53. ________________________ First graduate of American medical school, 1849; later staffed a New York hospital totally with women.
54. ________________________ One of the first female graduates of Harvard Law School; later became judge in Massachusetts.
55. ________________________ Leading 20th century artist (of the leaders of a group called the “immaculates” or “precisionists” because of their use of geometric form derived from the cubists).
56. ________________________ Founder of the Christian Science Church.
57. _________________________ Twentieth century actress (radio, films, TV); “First Lady of the American Stage.”
58. _________________________ Hollywood actress of the ‘30s & ‘40s; brilliant scientist who developed a patent for a variable-frequency transmitting device in WWII, the basis of which the cellular communications technology is built upon.
59. _________________________ One of our greatest vocalists who had to overcome 20th century poverty and racial discrimination.
60. _________________________ Friend of Henry David Thoreau; author of Little Women; strong suffragist.
61. __________________________ Deaf and blind after 19 months old; learned to read, write, speak; graduated from Radcliffe; worked for educationally handicapped.
62. __________________________ In 1983, became the youngest flier and first American woman in space; served as flight engineer for the space shuttle Challenger.
63. __________________________ As a 21-year old architectural student, won the competition for the design of the Vietnam War Memorial.
64. __________________________ Twentieth century suffragists who used strikes and picketing to pressure Congress to pass the amendment.
65. _________________________ Talented dancer who forthrightly opposed marriage and defiantly flaunted against the status quo; poet, claimed Walt Whitman as her spiritual ancestor; credited as the creator of Modern Dance.
66. _________________________ Helped her mother and Susan B. Anthony with the monumental History of Woman’s Suffrage; earned M.A. degree from Vassar; lobbied persistently in Albany, New York for a suffrage amendment.
67. _________________________ First principal chief of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma.
68. _________________________ First African America woman aircraft pilot licensed in the U.S.
69. __________________________ Published a scoring system in 1953, which is used in every hospital in the world to assess the health of new born infants.
70. __________________________ Second female appointed to the Supreme Court. She actively served as an advocate for women in court in cases involving pregnant women and maternity leave.
71. _________________________ A pioneer of integrated southern schools. Went to court to be admitted to the graduate school of the University of Alabama.
72. _________________________ Co-founder and Secretary-Treasurer of the United Farm Workers.
73. _________________________ The rage of Folies Bergere in Paris, never accepted in the U.S. as the gifted dancer she was.
74. _________________________ Native American poet whose struggles represent the problems of finding her identity with the American culture.
75. __________________________ Her accusation of sexual harassment in the workplace brought forth an unspoken problem for women.
76. __________________________ The first women to run as a vice presidential candidate from a major political party.
77. __________________________ Received pilot’s license after only 3 weeks instruction; set a new speed record of 1,429 MPH in 1964; formed the famed Women’s Air Force Service Pilots (WASPs) , a group of women pilots serving in WWII).
78. __________________________ Born in Africa and kidnapped as a baby to be sold into slavery in the U.S.; at 16 wrote what is believed to be the first poem written by an American slave entitled “The Bars Fight”; gained national reputation for her oratory aptitude.
79. __________________________ Graduated from Howard University Law School in 1872; first Black woman (regularly) admitted to practice law in any jurisdiction in the U.S.
80. __________________________ A leading Black stage actress of the 1950s; made famous in Raisin in the Sun; won numerous awards for theater, film, and television roles.