7th Grade U. S. History Final Test Review Note

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7th Grade U.S. History Final Test Review
Note: This is a compilation of all test reviews for the year. You may print this and fill it out and use it on the final. You may also use old review sheets and your notebook on the final. Nothing else.
General Terms: Be able to explain the difference between a primary & secondary source & give examples for each.

  • Primary Source

    • Give examples

  • Secondary Source

    • Give examples

Terms: Be able to define and explain each term’s significance to immigration.

  • Push factors

    • Give examples

  • Pull factors

    • Give examples

  • Old immigrants

  • New immigrants

  • Green Card

  • Permanent resident

  • Naturalization (look it up!)

  • Refugees

  • Illegal Immigrants

  • Border Patrol

  • Assimilation

  • Diversity Visa Lottery

  • Department of Homeland Security

Historical Immigration: Be able to distinguish between the different historical periods of immigration.

  • First Immigrants

    • Where from?

    • Settled where?

    • Why did they come to the United States?

  • Colonization

    • Where from?

    • Settled where?

    • Why did they come to the United States?

  • First wave of immigration (1815-1880)

    • Where from?

    • Settled where?

    • Why did they come to the United States?

  • Second wave of immigration (1880-1914)

    • Where from?

    • Settled where?

    • Why did they come to the United States?

  • Ellis Island

    • What is its significance?

    • Describe the process.

    • What are positives of Ellis Island? Negatives?

Growth of Cities: Be able to make connections between city growth and rise in immigration.

  • Name some of the reasons for the growth of cities.

  • Name some of the problems in cities because of the rapid growth.

    • Living conditions:

    • Working conditions:

  • Define the following:

    • Ethnic Clustering

    • Tenements

Nativism and Chinese Exclusion Act: Be able to analyze the role of the United States in restricting immigration.

  • Define nativism.

    • Why a rise in it?

  • Know-Nothing Party supported what?

  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    • Main parts?

    • Results?

Immigration Trends: Be able to identify immigration trends in the twentieth century.

  • Limiting Immigration

    • when and why?

    • description

  • Reforming Immigration Law

    • when and why?

    • description

  • Refugees Increase

    • when and why?

    • description

  • Illegal Immigration Increases

    • when and why?

    • description

Current Immigration Issues: Be able to examine the current state of immigration in the United States.

  • Legal Immigration

    • Reasons allowed in legally? (4 main ways)

    • Is it easier or harder to immigrate here today?

  • Illegal Immigration

    • How many are here today?

    • Reasons for coming?

    • Most are from where?

    • Why is it an issue?

    • What are some arguments for letting them stay? (swing open the door)

    • What are some arguments for making them go? (slam it shut)

    • What are proposed solutions?

  • Refugees

    • Reasons to come

    • Process of coming

    • Life in the U.S.

World War I:
Basics of World War I: Describe each item below.

  • Years of WWI ___________ - ______________

  • Allied Powers

  • Central Powers

  • Woodrow Wilson

  • General John Pershing

Causes of WWI: Define each and explain how it led to war.

  • Nationalism

  • Imperialism

  • Militarism

  • Alliances

  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

  • Chain reaction

WWI Warfare Techniques: Describe each and its impact on fighting in WWI.

  • Trench warfare

  • Poison Gas

  • Submarine warfare

  • Tank

Increasing Tensions Between U.S. and Germany: Explain each and its effect.

  • Neutrality of U.S.

  • Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

  • Lusitania

  • Sussex Pledge

  • Zimmerman Telegram

  • Ties with Allied nations

The Home Front: Identify each and explain its impact on Americans during WWI.

  • War Industries Board

  • Committee on Public Information

  • Selective Service Act

  • War (Liberty) Bonds

  • Food Administration

  • National War Labor Board

  • Propaganda—definition

  • Propaganda—techniques

  • Alien Enemy Act

  • Espionage and Sedition Acts

Fighting “Over There”: Explain each and its impact on fighting “over there.”

  • Germany’s strategy (Schlieffen Plan)

  • Fighting at sea

  • Stalemate

  • Russian withdrawal

  • U.S. role

  • American Expeditionary Force

  • Harlem Hell Fighters

  • Armistice

The Treaty of Versailles: Explain each.

  • Wilson’s Fourteen Points

    • Overall goal

    • Main points

  • Treaty of Versailles

    • Description and main points

    • Impact

    • Failure- why?

  • Terms

    • Reparations

    • Self-determination

  • League of Nations

    • Description

    • U.S. position

    • Impact

Changing Society (1920s):
Important Terms: Define or identify each.

  • Suffrage

  • 19th Amendment

  • Palmer Raids

  • 18th Amendment

  • speakeasies

  • bootleggers

  • evolution

  • creationism

  • installment plans

  • assembly line

Important People: Identify each and explain his or her importance to the time period.

  • Susan B. Anthony

  • Alice Paul

  • Mitchell Palmer

  • John Scopes

  • Henry Ford

Woman’s Suffrage Movement: Identify each & explain its impact on the women’s suffrage movement.

  • National American Women’s Suffrage Association (NAWSA)

  • National Woman’s Party (NWP)

  • Difference between the NAWSA and the NWP

  • Methods of Protest used

  • Opposition to women’s suffrage

  • Why was suffrage successful?

Changing Ideas: Describe each idea below, who supported it, who opposed it, and its impact.

  • unions and strikes

    • causes:

    • what happened:

    • effects:

  • Red Scare:

    • causes:

    • what happened:

    • effects:

  • Prohibition

    • causes:

    • what happened:

    • effects:

  • Scopes Trial

    • causes:

    • what happened:

    • effects:

Changing Life in the 1920s: Describe each change below and its impact or effects on the 1920s.

  • consumerism and advertising

    • description

    • impact/ effect

  • car and assembly line

    • description

    • impact/ effect

  • Harlem Renaissance

    • Impact/ effect

  • leisure time activities

    • impact/effect

Great Depression:
People: Be able to identify and explain the impact of each.

  1. Calvin Coolidge

  2. Herbert Hoover

  3. Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR)

Terms: Be able to identify and explain the impact of each.

  1. Laissez-faire

  2. Speculation

  3. Buying on margin

  4. Bull market

  5. Bear market

  6. Overproduction/surplus

  7. Deficit spending

  8. Welfare

  9. Inflation

  10. Foreclosure

  11. Eviction

  12. Black Tuesday

  13. Hoovervilles

  14. Brain Trust

  15. Fireside Chats

Causes of the Great Depression-explain

• Decade of the 1920s

• Leadership of 1920s

• Overproduction

• Stock Market Crash
Effects of the Great Depression

• Impact on people

• Impact on economy
Bonus March

• Describe

• Result
1932 Presidential Election

• Hoover's point of view /plans

• FDR's point of view /plans

• Election result

The Dust Bowl

• Causes

• Description

• Effects/Actions

The New Deal

• Define

• First 100 Hundred Days

• 3 R's in Legislation and programs for each



New Deal Programs

• CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps)

• FERA (Federal Emergency Relief Administration)

• WPA (Works Progress Administration)

• TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority)

• NRA (National Recovery Administration)

• AAA (Agricultural Adjustment Act)

• FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.)

• Social Security

• SEC (Security and Exchange Commission)

Support for New Deal--explain
Criticism of New Deal--explain
FDR's Court Packing Plan—description and result
End of the Great Depression—how and why?
Legacy of the New Deal—how does it still affect us today?
Connections to today—Occupy Wall Street Movement

World War II:
TERMS: Define and understand each term’s importance in WWII.

  1. Axis Powers (countries? Goals?)

  2. Allied Powers (countries? Goals?)

  3. Appeasement

  4. Blitzkrieg

  5. Homefront

  6. European Front

  7. Pacific Front

  8. Holocaust

  9. Island hopping

  10. Kamikaze

  11. Bushido

PEOPLE: Identify and understand each person’s importance in WWII.

  1. Benito Mussolini

  2. Adolph Hitler

  3. Emperor Hirohito

  4. Winston Churchill

  5. Joseph Stalin

  6. Franklin D. Roosevelt

  7. “Rosie the Riveter”

  8. Harry S Truman

  9. Dwight Eisenhower

  10. Douglas MacArthur

BEGINNING OF THE WAR: Identify and understand each event’s importance in WWII.

  • Munich Pact

  • Nazi-Soviet Pact

  • Start of WWII – what event sparked its beginning?

  • Neutrality Acts

  • Lend-Lease Act

  • U.S. entry into the war—why and when?

HOMEFRONT: Identify and understand each item’s importance to the homefront in WWII.

  • Rationing

  • Women in the Military (WASPs)

  • Women in the Work Force

  • Japanese Internment Camps

  • Reasons created

  • Camp conditions

  • Effects of Japanese internment

  • Use of propaganda

WAR IN EUROPE: Explain why each battle happened, its outcome and impact on WWII.

  • Battle of the Atlantic

  • Battle of Britain

  • North Africa

  • The Struggle for Italy

  • Stalingrad

  • D-Day

  • Battle of the Bulge

WAR IN PACIFIC; Identify each and understand each battle’s importance in WWII.

  • Pearl Harbor – date too!

  • Philippines

  • Doolittle Raid

  • Battle of Midway

  • Guadalcanal

  • Battle of Leyte Gulf

  • Iwo Jima

  • Okinawa

  • Tokyo

ATOMIC BOMB: Identify each and understand each item’s importance in WWII.

  • Controversy--why?

  • Manhattan Project

  • Hiroshima/Nagasaki--what happened and why important?

  • Decision to drop bomb--why?

HOLOCAUST: Explain and describe each of the following.

  • 1st Phase

  • Nuremberg Laws

  • 2nd Phase

  • Ghettos

  • 3rd Phase

  • Final Solution

  • End of the Holocaust

  • Liberation

  • Survivors’ challenges

  • Nuremberg Trials

Cold War:
Concept Words: Define each in context of the Cold War and give examples.

  • Competition

  • Containment

  • Preparedness

  • Paranoia

  • Cooperation/Diplomacy

Definitions: Define each and explain its significance to the Cold War period.

  • Cold War

  • Capitalism

  • Communism

  • Iron Curtain

  • Satellite states

  • M.A.D. (Mutually Assured Destruction)

People: Identify each person and explain his or her role in the Cold War.

  • Harry S Truman

  • Joseph Stalin

  • Fidel Castro

  • John F. Kennedy

  • Nikita Khrushchev

  • Senator Joseph McCarthy

  • Mikhail Gorbachev

  • Ronald Reagan

Cold War Events: Explain each, its purpose, and how if impacted U.S./Soviet relations.

  • Truman Doctrine

  • Marshall Plan

  • Berlin Airlift

  • NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)

  • Warsaw Pact

  • Nuclear Arms Race

  • Hydrogen Bomb

  • Korean War

  • Berlin Wall

  • The U-2 Incident

  • Cuban Missile Crisis

  • Limited Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty

  • Space Race

  • Sputnik

  • Apollo 11

Cold War at Home: Explain each and how it affected Americans.

  • Second Red Scare

  • House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)

  • McCarthyism

  • Federal Civil Defense Administration

  • Fallout Fears

  • Reasons for Fear

  • Plans

  • Effectiveness of plans

End of Cold War: Explain each and how it contributed to the end of the Cold War.

  • Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT)

  • Detente

  • Afghanistan

  • Fall of communism

  • Fall of Berlin Wall

Connections to Today: Explain each and how it affects our world today.

  • START I (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty)

  • New START Treaty

  • Nuclear threat today

  • Patriot Act

Vietnam War:
Vietnam Definitions: Be able to define each and explain its significance to the Vietnam War or end of the Cold War.

  • Domino theory

  • Escalation

  • Search-and-destroy

  • Vietnamization

  • Deferment

  • Draft

  • Hawks

  • Doves

  • Agent Orange

People of Vietnam War: Explain who each person was and his or her role in the Vietnam War.

  • Ho Chi Minh

  • Ngo Dinh Diem

  • John F. Kennedy

  • Vietcong

  • Lyndon B. Johnson

  • William Westmoreland

  • Richard Nixon

  • Lt. William Calley

Vietnam War Events: Know the purpose of each and how they impacted the Vietnam War.

  • Geneva Accords

  • Growth of Vietcong – why?

  • Problems with Diem’s leadership

  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution

  • American strategy

  • Operation Rolling Thunder

  • Ho Chi Minh Trail

  • Ground War

  • NVA and Vietcong strategy

  • Tet Offensive

  • My Lai Massacre

The Vietnam War at Home: Identify each and how they impacted the Vietnam War.

  • Nixon’s election – why did he win?

  • Expansion of the war in Laos and Cambodia

  • Vietnam Protest

    • Reasons for Protest

    • Methods of Protest

    • Impact of Protest on War

  • Kent State

The End of the War: Identify each and how they impacted the Vietnam War.

  • Reasons why the U.S. lost

  • Paris Peace Accords – when? Main parts? Result?

  • War Powers Act

  • Who won?

Effects of the War: Identify each and how they impacted people/nations at the end of the Vietnam War.

  • Agent Orange

  • M.I.A.s

  • Post Traumatic Distress Disorder

  • Landmines

  • “Boat People”

  • Reeducation Camps

Civil Rights Movements:


Define each and give examples of each.
Civil Disobedience

  • Examples:



African American Civil Rights Movement:

Be able to explain each and its/their significance to the Civil Rights Movement.

Think about conditions, actions, obstacles, and achievements.
Jim Crow Laws

Voting Restrictions (poll tax, literacy test)

Brown V. Board of Education

Little Rock Nine

Montgomery Bus Boycott

Rosa Parks



Freedom Rides

March on Washington

Martin Luther King Jr.

Voting Rights Drive

Children’s March

1964 Civil Rights Act

24th Amendment

1965 Voting Rights Act

Black Power

Malcolm X

Black Panthers


Chicano Rights Movement:

Describe each, the actions taken, and the impact of each on the Hispanic Rights movement.

Think about conditions, actions, obstacles, and achievements.

Cesar Chavez

United Farm Workers

Chicano Student Walkouts

Women’s Liberation Movement:

Explain each and its/their role in the Women’s Liberation movement.

Think about conditions, actions, obstacles, and achievements.
19th Amendment

Women during WWII

1950s “Domestic Decade”

Feminine Mystique

Betty Freidan


Radical Feminists

Title IX

Equal Rights Amendment

Phyllis Schlafly

Gloria Steinem

Reasons for and against E.R.A. and Women’s Lib.

American Indian Civil Rights Movement:

Explain each and its role in the American Indian Civil Rights Movement.

Think about conditions, actions, obstacles, and achievements.

Reservation system

Indian Boarding Schools

Conditions of American Indians in 1960

National Congress of America

American Indian Movement (AIM)

Alcatraz Island Occupation

Achievements of Movement

Civil Rights Issues Today:

Explain each and why it is still an issue today.
Trayvon Martin case

English as our official language?

Women’s Civil Rights Issues: body image, women in the military, gender roles and pay equity, Title IX today

American Indian fishing rights and use of Indian mascots

Essay Questions:
Be sure to answer the following using the SAME PROPER ESSAY FORMAT we have been teaching ALL YEAR!!!!

What time period from the twentieth century has had the most influence on our world today? Explain with strong reasons and detailed evidence.
(examples: historical immigration, World War I, the 1920s, the Great Depression, World War II, the Cold War, or the Civil Rights Movement)
Which person from the twentieth century has had the most influence on our world today? Explain with strong reasons and detailed evidence.
(think of people involved in the above time periods)

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