1620: English Separatists, known today as the Pilgrims, landed at Plymouth.
Puritans who wanted to reform the Church of England established settlements in what are now Massachusetts and New Hampshire.
Disagreements about religion led to the founding of other colonies, including Roger Williams’ settlement in Rhode Island, Thomas Hooker’s settlement in Connecticut, and John Wheelwright’s settlement in New Hampshire.
Quakers, who refused to pay taxes to the Church of England, settled in Pennsylvania and Delaware.
George Calvert founded Maryland so Catholics could live safely.
English colonists claimed the right to freedom of government:
1619: Virginia’s House of Burgesses marked the start of representative government in North America.
1620: Mayflower Compact was the first document in which American colonists claimed the right to govern themselves.
The Puritans believed towns and churches should manage their own affairs.