600 ce – 1450 ce the Life of Muhammad



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9. Bantu Migrations

You need to be aware of the migration patters of the Bantu as well as the significance of their influence on African societies.




  1. Patterns of Migration

    1. ~2000 BCE: Bantu (agrarian) begin to migrate southward into Sub-Saharan Africa

    2. migrations last until 1500 CE

    3. spread agriculture, knowledge of ironworking

    4. learned how to grow bananas through trade with Southeast Asia

  2. Impact in East Africa

    1. 13th century: Bantu reach eastern coast of Africa

    2. Bantu mix with Arab merchants to create Swahili

  3. Political and Social Structure

    1. Stateless societies: organized around family/kinship groups

    2. Religion: animistic, oral traditions passed on by griots (storytellers)

    3. Age grades: each age level and gender had specific duties to the community

    4. Women: valued as mothers, also worked on farms and sometimes in military

    5. Economic status: measured in acquisition of slaves, not property





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