600 ce – 1450 ce the Life of Muhammad

Post-classical East and Southeast Asia

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6. Post-classical East and Southeast Asia

Because China exerted a strong influence on its neighbors during the Post-classical period, AP students are required to know major events in these areas. Students are also expected to know in what specific ways China influenced these areas


Post-classical events

Examples of Chinese influence



        • 7th century: Japan has contact with China

        • Buddhism blends with Shinto (indigenous Japanese belief)

        • rebellion against use of China as model leads to fragmentation into large estates whose owners built powerful armies

        • power of emperor declines while power of aristocrats grows (feudalism in Japan)

        • bushi: aristocrats that owned large amounts of property and wielded armies; samurai were the knights of the bushi; bushido = code of honor

        • peasants became serfs, bound to the land of the local lord

        • 12th century: powerful clans emerged (Fujiwara) with the help of alliances among local lords

        • Gempei Wars: destructive wars between samurai and peasants, led to the victory of the Minamoto family who established a military government (emperor becomes puppet figure)

        • Move toward feudalism meant isolation from China

        • Powerful families controlled shoguns (military leaders)

        • 14th century: civil disorder leads to bushi taking control and dividing Japan into nearly 300 kingdoms, ruled by a daimyo (warlord)

        • code of bushido declined by the 15th century

        • 16th-17th centuries: increase in centralization, tax collection, and trade resumed with China

        • unique culture: tea ceremony, ornamental gardens

        • Chinese writing

        • Confucianism

        • Chinese bureaucracy

        • Buddhism

        • artistic expression

Chinese influence

        • Chinese writing

        • Confucianism

        • Chinese bureaucracy

        • Buddhism

        • artistic expression


  • conquered by Tang

  • 668: Silla kingdom in Korea pushes Tang out of Korea in exchange for an agreement to pay tribute

  • Silla unites Korea after departure of the Tang

  • trade with China and others in Indian Ocean network via South China Sea

  • Buddhism popular with elite

  • Mongol invasions in 14th century interrupt contacts with China

  • metallurgy and agriculture

  • Buddhism

  • Chinese culture spread when settlers moved to Korea during Han rule

  • Chinese writing

  • Confucian literature

  • Civil service exams

  • porcelain manufacture


  • Vietnam valued independence

  • traded with China

  • conquered lands in Southeast Asia (Cambodia)

  • distinct language

  • women had more freedoms

  • Buddhism more popular in Vietnam than in China

  • conquered by Han China

  • rebelled against Chinese rule: received independence during Tang rule, 939

  • Buddhism

  • agricultural and irrigation techniques

  • Confucian concepts (veneration of ancestors)

  • importance of the extended family

  • civil service examinations

  • military organization and technology

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