Why you should know this: You will be asked specific questions in the multiple choice section about the events and chronology of Muhammad’s life. You may also need information about his life as background information or examples for an essay question.
made provisions for the future leadership of Islam
established clear class distinctions for Islamic society
built on the religious traditions of the Arabian peninsula
went against established gender distinctions in the practice of his faith
spoke out against military conquest as a vehicle for the extension of Islam
correct answer choice (c). Muhammad taught that one of the gods already familiar to the
Arabic peoples, Allah, was the one true god
As with other major world religions/belief systems, you will need to know the fundamental beliefs of Islam, as well as the significance of the religion in terms of its cultural, social, and political impact on its followers. Additionally, you will need to know about how Islam expanded from the Arabian Peninsula to India, Southeast Asia, and Africa.
term “Islam” means submission, a Muslim is one who submits to the will of Allah
Founder: Muhammad; believed his revelations were an extension of Jewish and Christian teachings; believed he was last prophet (Abraham, Moses, Jesus are also prophets of Islam)
Fasting: from dawn to dusk during holy month, Ramadan; commemorates revelations to Muhammad
Alms-giving: pay zakat (tithe) to charity
Pilgrimage (Hajj): Muslims must travel to Mecca to visit the Ka’aba
Holy book: Quran (Koran), completed in 650, revelations and teachings of Muhammad; Hadith is collected sayings of Muhammad; Shariah is moral code for daily life, used to guide politicians and judges (criminal justice)