4th Amendment List some ways in which the Bill of Rights is like an umbrella:
The bill of rights is like an umbrella because it protects the country from federalism.
Unreasonable Searches and Seizure The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which is part of the Bill of Rights, guards against unreasonable searches and seizures.
“The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated…” -Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
What is happening in this picture?
When should the police be able to search a person’s house? When should the police NOT be able to search a person’s house?
Questions:The Fifth Amendment
Rights of the Accused The Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects the rights of people who have been accused of committing a crime.
“No person shall be…deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law”
-Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
What is going on in the picture?
Why should we care about the rights of people who are accused of committing a crime?
If you were accused of a crime, would you want a one judge to decide your case or nine people on a jury? Why?
Cruel and Unusual Punishment The Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which is part of the Bill of Rights, protects against excessive bail or fines, as well as against cruel and unusual punishment.
Read each of the imaginary news headlines below. Which of the amendments we discussed (First, Fourth, Fifth, Eighth) relates to each headline? Write the number of the amendment in the box and name the right involved. The first one has been completed for you.
Woman released after being charged twice for theft.
Citizens upset by midnight raids.
Newspaper shut down for printing story about mayor.
Man sues city after being held without trial.
Death penalty not warranted for food thief.
Protestors removed by force from City Park.
The Bill of Rights – Reference Sheet
Amendments 1-10 of the United States Constitution Amendment 1. Guarantees freedom of religion, practice of religion, freedom of speech, freedom to peaceably assemble and the freedom to petition the government.
Amendment 2. Guarantees the rights of citizens to bear arms.
Amendment 3. No soldiers may be stationed in any house without the consent of the owner.
Amendment 4. Citizens are protected from unwarranted search and seizure.
Amendment 5. No person can be held for a crime without evidence produced by a grand jury. A citizen cannot be tried for the same crime twice. A citizen does not have to testify against himself in a court of law. Citizens are guaranteed due process of the law. Private property cannot be taken without just compensation.
Amendment 6. Citizens are guaranteed a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury. Citizens also have the right to be told of the charges against them, to be confronted by witnesses and to have legal counsel in his/her defense.
Amendment 7. Citizens are guaranteed a trial by jury.
Amendment 8. Excessive bails shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishments inflicted.
Amendment 9. The enumeration of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
Amendment 10. Powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.