5th Amendment

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Name: _________________________ Date: _________ Class:____
Umbrella Worksheet

Directions: Fill in each piece of the umbrella with words that describe how each of the following amendments protects the rights of American citizens.

5th Amendment
1st Amendment

a.Freedom of religion



8th Amendment d.assembly

e. Petition

4th Amendment
mcj03558510000[1]List some ways in which the Bill of Rights is like an umbrella:

The bill of rights is like an umbrella because it protects the country from federalism.

Fourth Amendment

Unreasonable Searches and Seizure
The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which is part of the Bill of Rights, guards against unreasonable searches and seizures.


“The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated…”
-Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

  1. What is happening in this picture?

  1. When should the police be able to search a person’s house? When should the police NOT be able to search a person’s house?

Questions:The Fifth Amendment

Rights of the Accused
The Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects the rights of people who have been accused of committing a crime.

No person shall be…deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law”

-Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution


  1. What is going on in the picture?

  1. Why should we care about the rights of people who are accused of committing a crime?

  1. If you were accused of a crime, would you want a one judge to decide your case or nine people on a jury? Why?

Eighth Amendment

Cruel and Unusual Punishment
The Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which is part of the Bill of Rights, protects against excessive bail or fines, as well as against cruel and unusual punishment.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.”

-Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution


1, Describe what you see in this picture.

2. How does this amendment protect people?

In the News

Read each of the imaginary news headlines below. Which of the amendments we discussed (First, Fourth, Fifth, Eighth) relates to each headline? Write the number of the amendment in the box and name the right involved. The first one has been completed for you.

Amendment Number and Right

Newspaper Headline

Eighth Amendment – excessive fine

Police issue $5,000 parking ticket.

New law requires church attendance every Sunday.

Woman released after being charged twice for theft.

Citizens upset by midnight raids.

Newspaper shut down for printing story about mayor.

Man sues city after being held without trial.

Death penalty not warranted for food thief.

Protestors removed by force from City Park.

The Bill of Rights – Reference Sheet

Amendments 1-10 of the United States Constitution
Amendment 1. Guarantees freedom of religion, practice of religion, freedom of speech, freedom to peaceably assemble and the freedom to petition the government.
Amendment 2. Guarantees the rights of citizens to bear arms.
Amendment 3. No soldiers may be stationed in any house without the consent of the owner.
Amendment 4. Citizens are protected from unwarranted search and seizure.
Amendment 5. No person can be held for a crime without evidence produced by a grand jury. A citizen cannot be tried for the same crime twice. A citizen does not have to testify against himself in a court of law. Citizens are guaranteed due process of the law. Private property cannot be taken without just compensation.
Amendment 6. Citizens are guaranteed a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury. Citizens also have the right to be told of the charges against them, to be confronted by witnesses and to have legal counsel in his/her defense.
Amendment 7. Citizens are guaranteed a trial by jury.
Amendment 8. Excessive bails shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishments inflicted.
Amendment 9. The enumeration of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
Amendment 10. Powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.


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