birth. (3 marks)
(b) Explain six social rights of the individual in Kenya. (12 marks)
(v) The right to appropriate social security to persons who are unable to support
National Assembly in Kenya. (3 marks)
(b) Explain six functions of the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission of
inorder to ensure equitable representation of the people.
in order to ensure smooth/fair elections.
(v) It registers that all candidates who intend to contest for positions during
elections/announces and provides an election timetable.
(vi) It educates voters on their rights/importance of participating in the electoral
process so as to make informed decisions.
(vii) It monitors/observes the elections in order to ensure transparency/honesty.
(viii) It regulates the amount of money spent by a candidate/political parties to
prevent some candidates from influencing the voters.
(ix) It develops code of conduct for candidates/parties participating in elections with
the view of checking malpractices.
(x) It ensures compliance with the electoral laws by all the parties involved in order
to promote free and fair elections.
(xi) It distributes/transports electoral materials to all polling stations.
(ix) It appoints election officials.
(x) It announces the results and declares the winners.
Any 6 x 2 =12 marks
24. (a) State three objectives of devolving the government of Kenya. (3 marks)
(i) To promote democratic exercise of power.
(ii) To promote unity in the country.
(iii) To empower the people to participate in decision making /to make informed
(iv) To protect the interests of the minority/marginalised groups.
(v) To promote equitable development in the country.
for their operations.
(iv) By borrowing loans from the national government international organizations to
finance development projects.
(v) They levy taxes on the services/goods generated in the county to finance their
(vi) Through licences granted to businesses/services operating in the counties.