4. 8 history & government



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Any 6 x 2 = 12 marks

23.(a)  State three ways in which the government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

promoted the education of Africans after independence. 3 marks



(i) Education facilities were expanded/construction of schools;

(ii) More Africans were encouraged to join school;

(iii) The curriculum was revised to conform to the needs of the people/ provided

quality education;

(iv) The government established universities/tertiary institutions.

Any 3 x 1 = (3 marks)

(b) Explain the political challenges faced by the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) during the

reign of Mobutu Sese Seko. (12 marks)

(i) The banning of opposition political parties created a one party state which stifled

democracy in the country;



(ii) The dictatorial regime was introduced by replacing federal system with the central

government under his control;

(iii) Appointments based on loyalty/kinship in administration created disunity in the

country;

(iv) The stripping off parliament of its powers through constitutional amendments led to the



establishment of a totalitarian regime;

(v) The opposition to the government created uncertainty/tension in the country leading to

the arrests/harassment of opposition leaders;

(vi) The riots/demonstrations due to the civilians’ dissatisfaction with the regime caused

political tension/stability in the country;

(vii) Civil wars divided the country along tribal line hence compromising national unity;

(viii) Rebellion against the regime backed by external forces led to the overthrowing of the

government.






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