Belgian Neutrality(accept clear-knowledge equivalents; accept Treaty of Londonbefore mentioned)
While this man battled a life-threatening fever, he continually recited the poem "Kubla Khan" and insisted he be left for dead. He denounced the writings of William Long in an article published in Everybody's Magazine called "Nature Fakers." This man partnered with Candido Rondon for an expedition into the Brazilian jungle to trace the flow of the River of Doubt. The only man to hold the title of "Chief Scout Citizen," he said "there is no room in this country for hyphenated Americanism" during a Columbus Day speech. This man said "We stand at Armageddon and we battle for the Lord" at a party convention. This politician, who endorsed New Nationalism, was shot while campaigning as a third-party candidate, but insisted he was as strong as a "bull moose." For 10 points, name this former President and Rough Rider.