Email and the Internet have dramatically increased the speed and volume of information conveyed. Many institutions publish animal use policies and forms on a public Web site, and some include information such as IACUC membership and meeting times. Some have also developed mechanisms for submitting animal use protocols or modifications electronically, which can potentially eliminate tedious data entry and facilitate review and approval, and recordkeeping.
The increasing use of email for communication with investigators and the IACUC also has the potential for speeding up the review process, provided that messages do not get lost in a barrage of email from other sources. Undoubtedly, more institutions will automate protocol submission and move toward more efficient review processes during the next decade.
The continued development of electronic or digital signatures and pass-word-only access to certain information is important. There is a widespread concern that electronic systems are not secure. IACUC databases should be maintained on institutional intranets, as opposed to the Internet, to minimize the vulnerability of systems. As Internet security improves, these issues should become less of an obstacle to the use of electronic communication for carrying out work of the IACUC.
Reference Garnett, N. and S. Potkay. Use of Electronic Communications for IACUC Functions. ILAR Journal 37(4)190-192, 1995
ALTWEB is a Website created under the auspices of the Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing that is dedicated to providing information about and fostering the development of scientifically acceptable alternatives to the use of animals in testing and research. Alternatives are defined as methods that reduce animal use, replace whole animal tests, or refine existing tests by minimizing animal distress.
American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS)
9190 Crestwyn Hills Drive
Memphis, TN 38125
Tel: 901-754 8620
Fax: 901-753 0046
AALAS is an association of over 9,300 individuals dedicated to the humane care and treatment of laboratory animals and to quality research. It serves as a forum for the exchange of information and expertise in the care and use of laboratory animals.
American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (ACLAM)
The ACLAM is an organization of board certified veterinary medical specialists who are experts in the humane, proper and safe care and use of laboratory animals. ACLAM establishes standards of education, training, experience and expertise necessary to become qualified as a specialist and recognizes that achievement through board certification. ACLAM promotes the advancement of knowledge in this field through professional continuing education activities, and the development of educational materials.
American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners (ASLAP)
11300 Rockville Pike
Rockville, MD 20852
Tel: 301 231 6349
Fax: 301 231 6071
The ASLAP is an organization of veterinarians and veterinary students that promotes the acquisition and dissemination of education and training in the practice of laboratory animal medicine.
The AVMA, a not-for-profit national association of veterinarians, was established in 1863 and has a current membership representing approximately 85% of the veterinary medical profession. The Association aims to advance the science and art of veterinary medicine, including its relationship to public health, biological science, and agriculture. It provides a forum for the discussion of issues of importance to the veterinary profession, and for the development of official positions. The Association is the authorized voice for the profession in presenting its views to government, academia, pet owners, the media, and other concerned publics.
AWIC, a component of the USDA National Agricultural Library, is dedicated to providing information for improved animal care and use in research, teaching, and testing. AWIC also offers educational activities that are geared towards meeting the information requirements of the Animal Welfare Act, and publishes bibliographies, information resource guides, and other publications.
Applied Research Ethics National Association (ARENA)
132 Boylston Street
Boston, MA 02116
Tel: 617-423 4112
Fax: 617-423 1185
ARENA is a membership organization for those involved in the day to day application of ethical principles, governmental regulations, and other policies regarding research and clinical practice. ARENA services include sponsorship of national and regional meetings, the dissemination of current information on research ethics, and the provision of opportunities for networking among members through a quarterly newsletter.
Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International (AAALAC International)
11300 Rockville Pike
Rockville, Maryland 20852 3035
AAALAC International is a private, non-profit organization that promotes the humane treatment of animals in science through a voluntary accreditation program. The rigorous, peer review of the animal care and use program pro-motes scientific validity and demonstrates accountability. AAALAC also offers independent program status evaluations to assist institutions in deter-mining their preparedness for accreditation and to help institutions improve their animal care and use program.
Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC)
315 350 Albert Street
Ottawa ON K1R 1B1
Tel: 613 238 4031
Fax: 613 238 2837
Web: http://www.ccac.ca/english/new/newframe.htm CCAC is the national peer review agency responsible for setting and main-taining standards for the care and use of animals used in research, teaching and testing throughout Canada. CCAC guidelines and publications provide useful information for animal care and use committees concerning optimal physical and psychological care of animals according to acceptable scientific standards.