2nd Edition 2002 arena/olaw institutional Animal Care and Use Committee Guidebook



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Conclusion

Animal facility management should recognize that emergencies and unexpected problems are inevitable. Adopting the mindset that emergen-cies are a fact of life and will occur is the first step towards their prevention. Preparedness is critical for emergency avoidance and will reduce, if not eliminate, negative affects. A good Disaster Plan will ensure a quick and effective response and faster recovery. However, the process of emer-gency management planning is not totally intuitive and a specific effort needs to be made to examine the issues and devise plans. Furthermore, because there are no “formulas” and very few formal requirements for back-up or emergency systems, one facility’s plan will not be 100% effective at another facility. The overall process should be dynamic and should be reviewed on a regular basis by the facility. The IACUC may also choose to include it periodically as a part of their semi-annual program reviews. The modification or upgrading of functional systems is an ideal time to upgrade the emergency handling potential of the system. Unfortunately, emergency/ hazard identification is clearest in retrospect, but the special efforts of prospective disaster planning pay the greatest dividends.



B.6. Table A. Examples of Categories of Emergencies




Natural Emergencies


Primary Emergency

Secondary Effects

Risk of Occurrence

Impact

Earthquake










Flood










Coastal flood










Hurricanes










Landslides










Severe storms (thunderstorms)










Tornadoes










Tsunamis










Wildland fires










Winter storms (snow & ice)










Drought










Lightning












Technical Emergencies


Primary Emergency

Secondary Effects

Risk of Occurrence

Impact

Hazardous chemicals spill










Radioisotope spill










Biohazard spill










Computer system










HVAC










Steam heat










Water supply










Reverse osmosis or treated

drinking water












Waste water removal










Solid waste removal










Security system










Transportation










Communication










Fire safety










Electricity















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