Animal facility management should recognize that emergencies and unexpected problems are inevitable. Adopting the mindset that emergen-cies are a fact of life and will occur is the first step towards their prevention. Preparedness is critical for emergency avoidance and will reduce, if not eliminate, negative affects. A good Disaster Plan will ensure a quick and effective response and faster recovery. However, the process of emer-gency management planning is not totally intuitive and a specific effort needs to be made to examine the issues and devise plans. Furthermore, because there are no “formulas” and very few formal requirements for back-up or emergency systems, one facility’s plan will not be 100% effective at another facility. The overall process should be dynamic and should be reviewed on a regular basis by the facility. The IACUC may also choose to include it periodically as a part of their semi-annual program reviews. The modification or upgrading of functional systems is an ideal time to upgrade the emergency handling potential of the system. Unfortunately, emergency/ hazard identification is clearest in retrospect, but the special efforts of prospective disaster planning pay the greatest dividends.
B.6. Table A. Examples of Categories of Emergencies