Foreword The original OPRR/ARENA IACUC Guidebook was published in 1992 and has served as a useful resource to the animal research community. This revised edition, the ARENA/OLAW IACUC Guidebook, continues to support the fundamental principle on which the animal care and use program is based: self-regulation with oversight. It clearly demonstrates the increased role of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) in ensuring the ethical and sensitive care and use of animals in research, teaching and testing.
This Guidebook is the product of an ARENA-established editorial board of knowledgeable individuals who have IACUC experience and are familiar with the evolution of IACUC issues and relevant documents published during the past decade. Sections from the original document have been updated, and new sections added to incorporate state of the art knowledge regarding the functioning of IACUCs and institutional animal care and use programs. This Guidebook does not create new or different interpretations of the PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, legislation, or USDA animal regulations.
The most current knowledge and understandings were sought through dis-tinguished authors with experience and expertise. New references, resources and contemporary scientific and “road tested” guidance have been incorporated. For example, the emphasis of the 1996 edition of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals on performance goals as opposed to engineering approaches is a theme that resonates throughout. Other new reports, such as the 1997 Occupational Health and Safety in the Care and Use of Research Animals and the 1998 The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates, both published by the National Research Council have offered new insights and approaches that are reflected herein. The AVMA Panel on Euthanasia also published new guidelines in 2001.
Additional knowledge and changing trends in research have mandated broader and deeper coverage of topics in this Guidebook. New topic areas include training IACUC members, disaster planning, managing breeding colonies, and the use of transgenic animals. New federal requirements and
directives have been incorporated, and feedback from the field during the past ten years has resulted in emphasis on topics such as the role of the nonaffiliated member, the application of the three R’s (reduction, refinement and replacement) of alternatives, and the development of humane endpoints.
It is with a great sense of gratitude and respect for my colleagues who served on the editorial board and to the 30 authors who generously shared their time and expertise that I submit this document to the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare. I would especially like to express my appreciation to the Project Director, Carol Wigglesworth, and her colleagues in NIH’s OLAW who gave untold hours of editing and guidance to make this project not only possible, but also enjoyable. ARENA also gratefully acknowledges the technical review for consistency with the provisions of the USDA animal welfare regulations provided by Dr. Ron DeHaven, Deputy Administrator, Animal Care, APHIS, and his headquarters staff. This has truly been a labor of love by many dedicated individuals in the animal research community and I feel honored to have been a part of this effort.