27 amendments: Bill of Rights (December 15, 1791)

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Bill of Rights (December 15, 1791)

  1. Freedom of religion, freedom of press and speech, freedom of assembly and freedom to petition the government.

  2. Right to bear arms

  3. Prohibiting troops to take shelter in house if not approved, later was used as foundation for right to privacy (Griswold v. Conneticut-1965)

  4. No unreasonable search and seizure. Exclusionary rule- not allowed to use evidence that was gained by an unreasonable search and seizure. (Miranda v. Arizona-1966)

  5. Grand jury when held for capitol or “infamous” crime. Double jeopardy. No one can be deprive an individual the right to life, liberty, or property unless due process of law. Eminent domain- property can be taken away and converted into public use to provide compensation for property owners.

  6. Right to a speedy trial by impartial jury. To be informed of charges (habeas corpus), to confront witnesses, subpoena witnesses for defense, and right to have a lawyer.

  7. Trial by jury in common-law case

  8. No cruel and unusual punishments- capital punishment has not been declared by Supreme Court as “cruel and unusual”.

  9. Non-enumerated rights. Also has implied right to privacy and questions regarding individual rights not identified or understood at the time that the Bill of Rights was written.

  10. States have reserved powers, as long as they do not infringe on the Constitution or federal government (i.e. drinking age, death penalty, speed age)

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