Dedication To my wonderful family who sustain and remind me of heaven and earth. For our newest life Miyka’ela Luwalhati, her mother Maria Aimee, her Kuya Gabriel Hiraya. Also to Bernadette Santos, my mother-in-law who helps us out in so many ways. And finally, for the generations of People of Color, within Unitarian Universalism, who have shared the free faith, and for me, those outside yet sympathetic to my work, growth and ministry. To friends, authors and mentors who shaped my heart and soul in this life – Isabel Allende, Rigoberta Menchu, Dolores Huerta, Angela Davis, Quintard Taylor, Edwina Welch, Daniela Diaz, Mustafa Kasubhai, Javier Cervantes, Robin Morris Collin, Alexandra Caballero, Consuela Zumwalt, Andrea Adams, Trevor Montieth, Carmen Rubio, Brandon Sugiyama, Daniel Garcia, Cindy Nguyen, Kim Nguyen, Glen Banfield, Maleah Ermac, Nathan Thuan Nguyen, Leslie Lum, Jae-sik Kaufman, Eun-yung Paik, Alyce Gowdy-Wright, Kristen Harper, Danielle Gladd, Melvin Hoover, Leon Spencer, James Brown, William Jones, Robette Dias, Manish Mishra, Marisa Gutierrez, William Sinkford, Joo Young Choi, Diane Arakawa, Cheng-Imm Tan, Jose Ballester, James Coomes, Mark Morrison-Reed, Michelle Bentley, Tony Brumfield, Janice Marie Johnson, Hope Johnson, Gordon Bailey, Natalie Nguyen, Chester McCall, Mitra Rahnema, Dzu Do, Belva Brown Jordan, Cheryl Giles, and Wallace Best.
In September 2006 I will be beginning a Ministerial Internship with the Unitarian Universalist Church of the Philippines based in Dumaguette and Manila. I am raising funds for my internship expenses, given the limited resources of the UU Church of the Philippines to pay for my basic living costs and ministerial development. Funds have been received from the Fund for International Unitarian Universalism, covering roughly 50% of the costs anticipated. I am seeking to raise an additional $3000 for the internship. I am asking those who receive this thesis to consider donating $20 or more. If you are willing, please send to PO Box 3011, Portland, OR 97208 or paypal to email@example.com. Tax-deduction is a possibility, but please contact me first. Thank you for your consideration.
Table of Contents
Diverse & Revolutionary Unitarian Universalist Multicultural Ministries (1997- ) 71
DRUUMM Asian/Pacific Islander Caucus (2003- ) 72
Latino/a Unitarian Universalist Networking Association (1996- ) 74
UU Network on Indigenous Affairs (1992- ) 76
UU Ministers Association 76
UUA Board of Trustees 77
Young Religious UU 78
Continental UU Young Adult Network 79
District People of Color Efforts (see map on previous page) 80
Congregational People of Color Ministries 80
Chapter VIII: Racial Ideas in Unitarian Universalism 1980-2005 82
1980-1983: Post-Empowerment Controversy 82
1984-1991: Racial Code Talking 89
1992-1997: A Question About Racial/Cultural Diversity 94
1997-2001: An Answer To Racial/Cultural Diversity 98
2002-2005: Black President of a White Denomination 105
Religious Professionals of Color 111
Chapter X: Conclusion and Recommendations 123
Recommendations for Unitarian Universalist People of Color Ministry: 124
Recommendations for UUA Race Relations 126
Table 1: Timeline of Racial Ideas 1980-2000 129
Table 2: List of Ministers of Color Fellowshipped by the UUA 1980-2005 131
Appendix A: Survey of Unitarian Universalist People of Color 2005 133
Definitions: GA – General Assembly, the annual meeting of delegates from Unitarian Universalist congregations in North America.
UU – short for Unitarian Universalist. Generally used to describe individuals or specific organizations aside from the central administration of the association of congregations.
UUA – short for the Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations, founded in 1961. It is utilized to symbolize both the association of congregations and the central administration of the association.
25 to 1 The odds of meeting a Person of Color in a Unitarian Universalist congregation are 25 to 1. There are no congregations with a majority of People of Color. In a liberal religious faith with long standing commitments to racial justice, a community of People of Color has never materialized. People of Color are present, however, and increasingly active in the lifeblood of the Association. We struggle within a White institution for respect, dignity and the right to sacred space. What are our experiences? Who has come before us? What have we experienced? What have we learned? May this history help each of us better understand the wholeness of our religious home. Joseph Santos-Lyons, May 2006
Danielle DiBona and Vivian Hao (credit: Santos-Lyons)
Kendall Renae and Paula Cole Jones (credit: Santos-Lyons)