2015 – 2016 Florida Department of Education Curriculum Framework

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Course Number: ATE0070

Occupational Completion Point: B

Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 2– 150 Hours – SOC Code 31-9096

  1. Demonstrate knowledge of animal control and animal welfare organizations – the students will be able to:

    1. Differentiate between animal control agencies and animal welfare organizations.

    1. Describe the responsibilities and goals of animal control agencies and animal welfare organizations

    1. Identify and locate local animal control agencies and animal welfare organizations.

  1. Describe the problems, causes, and solutions of animal overpopulation – the students will be able to:

    1. Explain the cause and effect of overpopulation in animals.

    1. Define euthanasia and describe its role in animal overpopulation.

    1. Identify organizations involved in the public education of animal overpopulation.

    1. Explain the pet owners’ and society’s responsibilities concerning animal overpopulation.

    1. Discuss the medical benefits of spaying and neutering.

  1. Locate and interpret animal-related laws – the students will be able to:

    1. Describe local animal control laws.

    1. Describe permitting requirements for exotic and wildlife animals.

    1. Demonstrate knowledge of local and state animal regulations.

    1. Determine the legal limitations of duties of an employee in the animal services industry.

    1. Identify when an Animal Health Certificate is required.

    1. Explain the laws governing the sale of animals and the disposal of animals.

    1. List the options for euthanasia.

    1. List the options for disposal of the pet’s body.

  1. Identify the different digestive systems of animals and the nutritional requirements of selected species – the students will be able to:

    1. Differentiate between ruminants and non-ruminants (monogastric and hind gut fermentors).

    1. Differentiate the teeth and eating habits of omnivorous, carnivores, and herbivores.

    1. Describe the basic nutritional requirements of selected species.

    1. Analyze different feed labels and identify feed ingredients.

    1. Differentiate animal food products for healthy and ill animals.

    1. Explain the appropriate storage for dry and canned dog or cat food.

    1. Identify the date code for dry and canned dog or cat food and appropriate disposal if out of date.

    1. Identify the feeding guide for dry and canned dog or cat food and appropriate measuring cup or device.

    1. Demonstrate knowledge of nutritional based on life stage and size of animal and chooses appropriate food and amount for specific animals for general care.

    1. Demonstrate ability to follow oral or written instructions for therapeutic pet food including type, amount, and frequency.

    1. Explain potential problems with feeding therapeutic foods incorrectly or to the wrong patient.

    1. Monitor and record in the medical record food and water intake for each patient.

    1. Notify supervisors of vomiting, diarrhea, lack of eating, lack of drinking or any other abnormalities with food and water intake.

  1. Explain the reproductive system and breeding of selected animals – the students will be able to:

    1. Describe the male and female reproductive systems.

    1. Determine sex of animals.

    1. Determine appropriate age for breeding.

    1. Identify gestation length.

    1. Describe estrous cycle.

    1. Describe breeding techniques.

    1. Select male and female for breeding.

    1. Care of breeding stock.

    1. Care of newborn.

    1. Explain the differences and similarities between reproduction in different animal species.

  1. Identify common species and/or breeds of exotic animals – the students will be able to:

    1. Identify common avian species/breed and their characteristics.

    1. Identify common reptile species/breed and their characteristics.

    1. Identify common exotic mammal species/breed and their characteristics.

    1. Identify common pet fish species/breed and their characteristics.

  1. Demonstrate human-relations, communications, leadership and employability skills – the students will be able to:

    1. Demonstrate acceptable work habits and attitudes.

    1. Follow oral and written directions with understanding; ask questions that clarify directions, as needed.

    1. Communicate effectively in verbal, written, and nonverbal modes; demonstrate effective telephone skills.

    1. Recognize and demonstrate listening skills and assertive communications skills in the workplace.

    1. Conduct small, informal, formal, and group meetings.

    1. Identify the opportunities for leadership development available through an appropriate students and/or professional organization.

    1. Demonstrate acceptable employee hygiene habits.

    1. Demonstrate appropriate responses to criticism from employer, supervisor, and peers.

    1. Complete pertinent forms for employment, such as a resume, a job application, a W-4 form.

    1. Demonstrate job interview techniques.

    1. Trainee avoids misrepresentation, slander, violating client confidentiality, substandard patient care, substance abuse, or animal abuse/neglect.

    1. Demonstrates acceptable work habits and attitude.

    1. Explains the veterinarian-client-patient relationships.

    1. Recognizes the importance of keeping their credentials current with continuing education credits.

    1. Recognizes and adheres to the governing laws for veterinary medicine in Florida.

    1. Conforms to safety and professional dress code by dressing in well- fitting scrubs or uniforms, closed- toed shoes, avoids excessive or loose jewelry, or excessive and visible body-piercings or tattoos, avoids long or fake nails, and keeps hair short or tied back.

    1. Actively observe his/her working environment and animals promptly reporting observations and concerns to the veterinary technician or veterinarian as needed.

    1. Demonstrate initiative to complete tasks as delegated.

    1. Accurately follow both oral and written instructions.

    1. Resolve complaints or conflicts with either pet owners/clients or co-workers in a professional manner.

    1. Explain the forms of communication including verbal-spoken; nonverbal- body language, and written.

    1. Utilize appropriate communication skills including courtesy, kindness, patience, tactfulness, sympathy, empathy, and active listening skills.

  1. Differentiate between animal welfare and animal rights – the students will be able to:

    1. Define animal welfare and animal rights.

    1. Compare and contrast between animal welfare and animal rights.

    1. Identify animal welfare and animal rights advocate groups.

    1. Debate current events concerning animal welfare and animal rights.

    1. Describe animal cruelty and the consequences of cruel treatment of animals.

  1. Explain the role of animals in research – the students will be able to:

    1. Describe the history of the role of animals in research.

    1. Discuss medical advances made possible through the use of animals in research.

    1. Define USDA and explain its roles in using animals for research.

    1. Describe the role of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) with regard to animal research facilities.

    1. Explain the controversy over using animals in research.

    1. Identify organizations that are in favor of and those that are against the use of animals in research.

    1. Develop a personal position on the use of animals in research and support that position.

    1. Explain how biotechnology has affected animal research.

    1. Debate the use of cloning for research purposes.

  1. Maintain and analyze records – the students will be able to:

    1. Maintain and analyze animal records.

    1. Discuss the legal requirements of maintaining animal health records, and maintain and analyze animal health records.

    1. Maintain and analyze basic business records (inventory, depreciation, receipts, expenses), using computer applications.

    1. Demonstrate knowledge of and ability to schedule appointments.

    1. Demonstrate knowledge of admissions and discharges for boarders or non-medical cases.

    1. Demonstrate filing and retrieving of records from both numerical and alphabetical filing systems.

    1. Demonstrate knowledge of computer and keyboarding skills.

    1. Demonstrate knowledge of data collection from organized records.

    1. Recognize that medical records are legal documents and must meet the following legal requirements: (1) establish veterinarian-client-patient relationship, (2) contain owner and patient information, (3) contain patient history, and (4) contain contemporaneously written medical procedures.

    1. Demonstrate knowledge of proper telephone skills.

    1. Demonstrate the ability to follow oral and written directions.

    1. Describe the duties of an office or hospital staff member as outlined by NAVTA which includes:

  • Greet pet owner/client, identifies his/herself by name and as veterinary assistant in a professional manner.

  • Obtain or confirm pet owner/client and pet information including pet owner/client’s name, address and phone numbers; pet’s name, species, breed, color, sex and neutered/not neutered, and age or birth date.

  • Discuss process for recording new information and/or confirms existing information on medical record using appropriate medical terminology and concise notations. Include current date and reason for appointment.

  • Obtain and record the pet’s vital signs (TPR, MM, & CRT) and weight with minimal restraint to the pet.

  • Leave the exam room courteously indicating the veterinarian will be right in.

    1. Explain the importance of client/patient confidentiality.

    1. Generalize the basic use of practice management software.

  1. Demonstrate knowledge of preventive medicine and disease control – the students will be able to:

    1. Describe the importance of preventive medicine for animal health.

    1. Differentiate between healthy and sick animals.

    1. Describe common infectious and noninfectious diseases of animals to include bacterial, viral, fungal, prion and zoonotic.

    1. Describe vaccinations available for disease prevention and vaccination procedures.

    1. Describe isolation or quarantine procedures for new or sick animals.

  • Describe methods of preventive medicine and quarantine for disease control in a kennel, cattery, paddock, rabbitry, and zoo.

    1. Discuss the terms immunology and active and passive immunity as it applies to disease and vaccination.

    1. Describe concepts for periodic health check-up.

    1. List and discuss common zoonotic diseases.

    1. Demonstrate proper sanitation techniques for an examination room, hospital facilities, surgical suites, kennel, cattery, paddock, rabbit hutch, and zoo.

      1. Keep assigned work areas clean and organized.

      1. Explain sanitary procedures including physical cleaning, disinfecting, and sterilizing.

      1. Demonstrate proper cleaning protocols for kennels, runs, and enclosures including cleaning and disinfecting all sides of the kennel (floor, ceiling, walls, & door) and all items in the kennel (bowls, blankets, toys, etc).

      1. List precautions to take when mixing or using multiple cleaning and disinfecting agents i.e. NEVER mix bleach with ammonia containing cleaners or disinfectants.

      1. Change bedding materials in a timely and efficient manner.

      1. Demonstrate of the proper disposal of bedding and waste materials.

      1. Notify supervisor of needed repair or maintenance on cages, kennels, or stalls.

    1. Determine containment procedure and treatment for an epidemic.

  1. Explain diagnostic testing – the students will be able to:

    1. Explain diagnostic blood tests including: obtaining a blood sample and blood chemistry profiles (to monitor organ function).

    1. Explain a urinalysis including:

      1. List methods for urine collection commonly used in the veterinary practice.

      1. Collect a free-caught urine sample using proper techniques for dogs.

      1. Identify time and storage parameters for urine samples.

      1. List precautions and safety factors in handling urine samples including personal protection equipment.

    1. Explain fecal test including:

      1. Explain methods of collecting fecal samples.

      1. Identify time and storage parameters for fecal samples.

      1. Identify appropriate volume of feces for each method of testing.

      1. Demonstrate the correct technique for handling and preparing the fecal samples for analysis by flotation, sedimentation, and direct smear.

      1. Explain appropriate method of placing sample on microscope slide or cover slip.

      1. List precautions and safety factors in handling fecal samples including personal protection equipment.

    1. Summarize procedures necessary for completing a skin scrapping, cytology, and gram stain.

    1. Examine radiology, electrocardiogram and ultrasound imaging techniques and safety.

      1. Discuss restrictions from radiation exposure for pregnant women and minors.

      1. Explain what a dosimeter badge does and who wears it and when.

      1. Demonstrate the area of exposure in the radiology room including direct beam and scatter radiation.

      1. Explain the correct use of personal protection equipment including lead-shielded gowns, lead gloves, lead thyroid shield, lead glasses, and other lead protective wear.

      1. Explain methods of restraint for positioning for radiographs including no-hold positioning.

      1. Explain the proper handling of radiographic film including safe light use.

      1. Demonstrate the appropriate labeling of a radiograph including date, patient name, view or side of patient, machine calibrations, and film developing.

      1. Maintain radiograph log and filing of films.

      1. Explain how digital radiography differs from film.

    1. Explain a necropsy and discuss disposal of dead animal- esp. how to handle rabies suspect.

      1. List the common species which may transmit rabies to humans.

      1. Explain the methods of transmission of rabies to animals and humans.

      1. List the symptoms associated with rabies.

      1. Explain the proper safety measures to follow when handling an animal suspected of having rabies.

      1. Explain the procedure for euthanasia suitable as an explanation for a pet owner.

      1. Discuss the grief process that an owner may experience on the loss of the pet.

      1. Discuss the importance of presenting the body of the pet in a respectful and empathetic way.

  1. Describe internal and external parasites and control methods – the students will be able to:

    1. Set up fecal flotations or centrifuged fecal samples.

    1. Identify ectoparasites fleas, ticks, lice, and mites and explain the life cycle and treatment and prevention methods.

    1. Identify ova of endoparasites roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, strongyles and explain the life cycle and treatment and prevention methods.

    1. Identify adult endoparasites roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, strongyles and heartworms.

    1. Identify giardia and coccidia in fecal samples.

    1. Identify tapeworm segments in fecal sample or on pet.

    1. Understand an accurately describe route of transmission, parasite vectors, and zoonotic potential.

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