2013 Area f greek History Test Bronze Age through Archaic Greece

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Bronze Age through Archaic Greece
1. What Bronze Age culture based on Crete built large palaces and is thought to have traded widely across the Mediterranean?

A. Mycenaeans B. Knossians C. Minoans D. Philistines

2. What Greek island was destroyed by what is considered the most powerful volcanic eruption in all of history in 1630 B.C.?

A. Crete B. Melos C. Thera D. Corcyra

3. Heinrich Schliemann discovered a gold mask that he called the face of Agamemnon in a tholos tomb on the site of what Bronze Age city?

A. Troy B. Mycenae C. Pylos D. Knossos

4. What Athenian law-giver is said to have given out harsh punishments for even the slightest offense?

A. Solon B. Peisistratus C. Cleisthenes D. Draco

5. Who is credited with the invention of Athenian democracy?

A. Solon B. Peisistratus C. Cleisthenes D. Draco

6. Who became tyrant of Athens by tricking the Athenians into thinking that a tall woman from a neighboring town was Athena and that she had given him her blessing to rule?

A. Cylon B. Peisistratus C. Hippias D. Cleisthenes

7. What legendary law-giver created the Spartan system of government based on an oracle?

A. Echephorus B. Lycurgus C. Cleisthenes D. Leonidas

8. After reshaping Athenian government, which law-giver went into a self-imposed exile, leaving his constitution to function without him?

A. Solon B. Peisistratus C. Cleisthenes D. Draco

9. What Corinthian tyrant, whose mother was a member of the ruling Bacchiad clan, started as a polemarch (a military commander) before taking absolute power in Corinth?

A. Hippias B. Periander C. Cypselus D. Cylon

10. Harmodius and Aristogeiton, the so-called tyrant killers, actually killed what brother of the Athenian tyrant Hippias?

A. Peisistratus B. Hipparchus C. Hipponomus D. Cleitarchus

Persian Wars
11. At what battle were the Persian generals Datis and Artaphernes defeated and put to flight?

A. Marathon B. Plataea C. Salamis D. Artemisium

12. When the Delphic Oracle told the Athenians to “put their faith in wooden walls,” what did Themistocles believe were the wooden walls referred to by the Oracle?

A. The walls of the Acropolis C. The long walls between Athens and Piraeus

B. The wall being built at the Isthmus of Corinth D. War Ships
13. What Spartan king died at Thermoplyae?

A. Agis B. Pausanias C. Agesilaus D. Leonidas

14. At what battle in 399 B.C. did the Ionian revolt meet its end, done in by the defection of the Samians?

A. Lade B. Mycale C. Aegospotamoi D. Ephesus

15. After what discouraging battle did Xerxes leave Greece, delegating command of the invasion to Mardonius?

A. Thermopylae B. Artemisium C. Salamis D. Plataea

16. What Athenian strategos was most responsible for the victory at Marathon?

A. Aristides B. Miltiades C. Conon D. Themistocles

17. What Greek naval victory off the coast of Asia Minor was believed to have taken place on the same day as the decisive Greek victory at Plataea?

A. Lade B. Mycale C. Aegospotamoi D. Ephesus

18. Where did the Athenians take shelter when they abandoned Athens to the Xerxes and the Persians?

A. Sparta B. Corinth C. Thebes D. Salamis

19. Who convinced Xerxes to attack the Greek fleet at Salamis by pretending to be a traitor and telling him that the Greeks were about to retreat and escape?

A. Leonidas B. Aristides C. Themistocles D. Agesilaus

20. What Spartan regent, the nephew of Leonidas, led the Greek forces to victory at Plataea?

A. Cleomenes B. Pausanias C. Leotychidas D. Agis

Peloponnesian War
21. According to Thucydides, what Spartan king, on the eve of the Peloponnesian War, tried to convince the Spartans not to go to war on Athens?

A. Agis B. Leotychidas C. Pausanias D. Archidamas

22. Who was responsible for the Athenians strategy in the early Peloponnesian War of abandoning their fields and engaging the Spartans solely by sea?

A. Themistocles B. Pericles C. Cleon D. Alcibiades

23. Which of the following generals was NOT chosen as a member of the Sicilian Expedition?

A. Nicias B. Alcibiades C. Conon D. Lamachus

24. What charges eventually forced Alcibiades to flee from Athens to Sparta?

A. Espionage B. Murder C. Desecration of Herms D. Political Bribery

25. What neutral island did the Athenians subjugate and demolish, killing the men and selling the women into slavery?

A. Lesbos B. Cythera C. Thera D. Melos

26. The Athenian leader Cleon and the Spartan Brasidas both died in a battle near what city in Chaldice?

A. Potidaea B. Chalcis C. Amphipolis D. Aegospotamoi

27. What battle ended the Peloponnesian War?

A. Potidaea B. Chalcis C. Amphipolis D. Aegospotamoi

28. What Athenian brokered a peace in 421 B.C. that gave the Athenians and Spartans a respite from fighting directly with each other?

A. Demosthenes B. Nicias C. Pericles D. Alcibiades

29. What Athenian leader during the Peloponnesian war died of a plague?

A. Demosthenes B. Nicias C. Pericles D. Alcibiades

30. What naval battle near Lesbos was the last great Athenian victory in the Peloponnesian War, though in the aftermath the Athenians failed to rescue the survivors in the water due to a storm?

A. Arginusae B. Aegospotamoi C. Decelea D. Notium

Greece after the Peloponnesian War
31. The Thirty Tyrants were a pro-Spartan oligarchic regime set up by the Spartan Lysander in what city?

A. Athens B. Thebes C. Corinth D. Argos

32. Which of the following was both a pupil of Socrates and one of the Thirty Tyrants?

A. Alcibiades B. Theramenes C. Plato D. Critias

33. In what war did the Spartan Lysander die?

A. The Lalantine War B. The Corinthian War C. The Sacred War D. the King’s War

34. What would-be Persian king enlisted the aid of thirteen thousand Greek mercenaries to fight his brother, the king Artaxerxes?

A. Darius B. Cyrus C. Cambyses D. Achaemenes

35. At what battle did the Persian from the last question die, though his army defeated Artaxerxes?

A. Susa B. Gaugamela C. Elam D. Cunaxa

36. What Athenian commander used light-armed peltasts to complement his hoplites, enabling him to destroy an entire Spartan regiment in 390 B.C. at Lechaeum?

A. Iphicrates B. Conon C. Theramenes D. Demosthenes

37. What treaty brought koine eirene (common peace) to all of Greece in 387 B.C.?

A. The Thirty Years’ Peace B. The King’s Peace

C. The Treaty of Delphi D. The Treaty of Delos
38. At what battle did the Thebans under Epaminondas and Pelopidas defeat a numerically superior Spartan force with innovative military tactics in 371 B.C.?

A. Mantinea B. Lechaeum C. Leuctra D. Chaeroneia

39. What league, founded by Epaminondas, met in a Council of Fifty and Assembly of Ten Thousand at Megalopolis?

A. Aetolian League C. Second Athenian Confederacy

B. Arcadian League D. Achaean League
40. At what Theban victory was Epaminondas killed?

A. Mantinea B. Lechaeum C. Leuctra D. Chaeroneia

Philip II and Alexander the Great
41. What city-state in Northern Greece robbed the treasury of Apollo at Delphi in order to buy a large mercenary army that brought Thebes to its knees and forced the Thebans to call on Philip of Macedon for help?

A. Pherae B. Iolcus C. Orchomenus D. Phocis

42. Philip, because of his control of the Delphic Amphictyony became the first Macedonian King to preside over what games?

A. Pythian B. Nemean C. Olympic D. Isthmian

43. What Athenian orator advocated aggressive Athenian action to oppose the territorial expansion of Philip?

A. Lysias B. Demosthenes C. Aeschines D. Isocrates

44. What was the name of Alexander’s mother?

A. Roxanne B. Olympias C. Glauce D. Cleopatra

45. What revolting city did Alexander demolish at the start of his reign?

A. Athens B. Plataea C. Thebes D. Sparta

46. Who saved Alexander’s life at the Battle of the Granicus River?

A. Ptolemy B. Cassander C. Hephaistion D. Clitus

47. In which of the following battles was Alexander not fighting the Persians?

A. Hydaspes River B. Gaugamela C. Issus D. Granicus River

48. After what victory was Alexander able to conquer Egypt?

A. Hydaspes River B. Gaugamela C. Issus D. Granicus River

49. After what victory was Alexander able to conquer the three western Persian capitals of Persepolis, Babylon, and Susa?

A. Hydaspes River B. Gaugamela C. Issus D. Granicus River

50. In the wake of Alexander’s death, who originally became regent for the entire empire, though his position soon crumbled?

A. Lysimachus B. Ptolemy C. Eumenes D. Perdiccas

(There are still tie-breakers left to do!)

Tie-Breakers (Please bubble these in 96-100.)

96. Which of the following cities did not take part in the Greek victory at Marathon?

A. Athens B. Sparta C. Plataea D. all of them took part

97. At what naval battle off the coast of Euboea did the Greek navy fight the Persian navy to a stalemate during the Second Persian Invasion?

A. Salamis B. Lade C. Mycale D. Artemisium

98. During the Peloponnesian War, a ship left Athens carrying orders to burn a city, kill the men, and sell the women into slavery, but the next day, the Athenians having changed their minds sent another ship to catch the first ship and countermand the order, saving the city. What was this city?

A. Amphipolis B. Melos C. Mytilene D. Corinth

99. Which of the following does not belong because they did not fight on the same side in the Peloponnesian War?

A. Corcyra B. Thebes C. Corinth D. Sparta

100. What general, a stalwart of his father, did Alexander leave in charge in Macedon when he marched into Asia?

A. Parmenion B. Cassander C. Antipater D. Antigonus
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