Although the Latvian language skills have significantly increased, however separate trends indicate that the use of the Latvian language in the public domain does not show similar success. Self-sufficiency of the Russian language in the public domain is obvious, especially in cities where there is a great proportion of national minorities. Social integration on the basis of the Latvian language is also influenced by the passivity of Latvians as regards the communication with aliens in Latvian
Unjustified requirements for Russian language skills and use of the language in the workplace setting are gaining foothold. This is discriminatory for Latvians in the labour market.
Part of the national minority school teachers has insufficient knowledge of Latvian. Alternatively, in the Latvian general educational establishments and higher educational establishments there is a lack of experience among teaching staff in working with students of different ethnical backgrounds.
Latvian cultural space is not reflected in its diverse manifestations within formal and non-formal educational curricula allowing people of a different ethnic background to find their own linkage to Latvia. A sense of belonging and integration into a single cultural space is also hindered by ethnic prejudice.
There is no targeted national programme for supporting expatriate Latvians willing to learn and maintain the Latvian language, culture and traditions. There is limited access to professional Latvian art.
Part of society is dominated by misconceptions based on false historical facts about the occupation of Latvia and its consequences. It leads to divided social memory in Latvia and hinders consolidation of society.
Most of the population have but little idea about Latvian history before the 20th century. This narrows down awareness of national identity in the broader context of the European identity.