Latvia needs every Latvian and Latvian citizen (including those who do not live in Latvia) - every inhabitant of Latvia. 1. Introduction: Problems and Goals 1.1. Clarification of Concepts* National identity – a part of a person’s identity connecting him or her with other persons having similar national cultural features. Language, body of values, models of behaviour and cultural symbols and social memory are the foundation on which a person’s affinity with a nation and mutual unity of those belonging to a nation are formed and maintained. National identity includes the idea of each nation’s uniqueness but not its superiority, distinctiveness from other nations, the idea of mutual community of the people belonging to a nation and the idea of a nation’s continuity.
People – a community considering itself to be an independent cultural body based on one or more national cultural criteria (especially those such as language, populated area, history, way of life and culture).
Nation – people having their own Nation State or fighting to achieve one. The Latvians have been a nation since the beginning of the 20th century, when the idea of Latvian national self-determination began to spread among the Latvian people. This came into being in 1918, when, using the people’s freedom of self-determination, the Nation State of Latvia – Latvia, was established. The Latvians had developed as a cultural nation earlier – in the 19th century. The features of a cultural nation: unifying national culture, language, feeling of community, common national interests and readiness to defend them.
Nation State – a State whose national cultural identity is determined by the constituent nation. The language of the constituent nation is the official language – common language of communication and democratic participation for all the population. The culture of this nation, the way of life and social memory is common to the whole population. In a Nation State it does not exclude the existence of national minority languages and cultures alongside these common elements.