2012–2018 Rīga, 2011 Content



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Abbreviations


AIPY

Agency for International Programmes for Youth

CEC

Central Election Commission

CEIHC

Cultural Education and Intangible Heritage Centre

CHL

Commission of the Historians of Latvia

C

Cabinet

CE

Council of Europe

CSB

Central Statistical Bureau

EC

European Commission

EEA

European Economic Area

EEA Financial Mechanism

EEA Financial Mechanism 2009–2014 “ NGO Fund” Grant Scheme

EFITCN

European Fund for the Integration of Third-country Nationals

ERDF

European Regional Development Fund

ERF

European Refugee Fund

ESF

European Social Fund

EU

European Union

LLA

Latvian Language Agency

LNMA

Latvian National Museum of Art

NHML

National History Museum of Latvia

LR

Republic of Latvia

LTV

Latvian Television

MC

Ministry of Culture

MD

Ministry of Defence

MEPRD

Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development

MES

Ministry of Education and Science

MFA

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

MH

Ministry of Health

MI

Ministry of the Interior

MJ

Ministry of Justice

MOL

Museum of the Occupation of Latvia

MW

Ministry of Welfare

NAL

National Archives of Latvia

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NCE

National Centre for Education

NEMMC

National Electronic Mass Media Council

NFCL

National Film Centre of Latvia

NGOs

Non-governmental organizations

NLL

National Library of Latvia

OCMA

Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs

PROGRESS

Community Programme for Employment and Social Solidarity PROGRESS 2007–2013

RE

Register of Enterprises

SACIS

State Agency “Culture Information Systems”

SC

State Chancellery

SCCF

State Culture Capital Foundation

SEA

State Employment Agency

SIF

Society Integration Fund

SLI

State Labour Inspectorate

UN

United Nations Organization

UoL

University of Latvia

Latvia needs every Latvian and Latvian citizen (including those who do not live in Latvia) - every inhabitant of Latvia.
1. Introduction: Problems and Goals
1.1. Clarification of Concepts*
National identity – a part of a person’s identity connecting him or her with other persons having similar national cultural features. Language, body of values, models of behaviour and cultural symbols and social memory are the foundation on which a person’s affinity with a nation and mutual unity of those belonging to a nation are formed and maintained. National identity includes the idea of each nation’s uniqueness but not its superiority, distinctiveness from other nations, the idea of mutual community of the people belonging to a nation and the idea of a nation’s continuity.

People – a community considering itself to be an independent cultural body based on one or more national cultural criteria (especially those such as language, populated area, history, way of life and culture).

Nation – people having their own Nation State or fighting to achieve one. The Latvians have been a nation since the beginning of the 20th century, when the idea of Latvian national self-determination began to spread among the Latvian people. This came into being in 1918, when, using the people’s freedom of self-determination, the Nation State of Latvia – Latvia, was established. The Latvians had developed as a cultural nation earlier – in the 19th century. The features of a cultural nation: unifying national culture, language, feeling of community, common national interests and readiness to defend them.

Nation State – a State whose national cultural identity is determined by the constituent nation. The language of the constituent nation is the official language – common language of communication and democratic participation for all the population. The culture of this nation, the way of life and social memory is common to the whole population. In a Nation State it does not exclude the existence of national minority languages and cultures alongside these common elements.




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