2009 Chapter 2 Vocabulary Mothers and Daughters of the Revolution, 1750-1800

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Liberty’s Daughters—The female equivalent to the Sons of Liberty, these revolutionary organizations opposed British policies. For women, the most important efforts focused on nonconsumption—or a boycott of British goods. Women’s actions in the pre-war years demonstrate women’s contributions to the growing rebellion.

5. Molly Brant—A Mohawk woman from the Iroquois Confederacy who had been the common-law wife of British diplomat William Johnson, Brant was active in revolutionary-era diplomacy, siding with the British.

6. Deborah Sampson—A white woman who joined the Revolutionary as a cross-dressing enlistee with the name Robert Shurtleff. She served for eighteen months between 1782 and 1783 and was wounded twice before her gender was uncovered

7. camp follower—An auxiliary role women played historically in warfare, in the case of the American Revolution by attaching themselves to Washington’s Continental Army. Most were the wives of poor soldiers who could not function on their own financially, though officers’ wives and prostitutes were also present. Camp followers hoped to attend to their husbands’ welfare in camp, living there with their children and facing challenges such as disease, injury, and even death. Camp followers also provided valuable services as laundresses, cooks, and nurses.


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