2001 Free Response Questions


AP® UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS



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AP® UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS

2001 SCORING GUIDELINES
Question 1
8 POINTS TOTAL
Part (a): 2 points (1 for each method identification)

Part (b): 4 points (1 for each description; 1 for each example)

Part (c): 2 points
Part (a): (1 point for each method identification; 2 points total)

Formal methods:

Methods of amendment must include one method of proposal and one method of ratification.




Methods of proposal

Methods of ratification

  • By two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress

  • By national constitutional convention called by Congress at request of two-thirds of state legislatures (never been used)

  • By conventions in three fourths of the states

Students do not have to give the exact fractions, as long as they understand that it is an extraordinary majority and that it involves federalism.

Simple majority is not adequate.

Do not have to use exact terms (propose, ratify, supermajority, federalism).


Part (b): (q point for each description of informal methods; 1 point for each example; 4 points total)

Informal methods may include:

  • Courts (judicial review/ judicial interpretation/ application)

  • Elastic clause

  • Development of political customs/ traditions

  • The example chosen must be linked to the method described.


Part (c): (1 point for basic explanation; 1 point for elaboration; 2 points total)

Can get one point for a basic explanation. (i.e., “it’s harder to amend formally”)

Second point requires further elaboration
Question 3
6 POINTS TOTAL
Part (a): 3 points
Identification:

(1 point) Identification of the “provision.” Must use “equal protection.”

Explanation:


  • (1 point) Factual statement about the holding.

  • (1 point) Explanation of the significance or impact of the case in United States politics

  • Must go beyond the holding of the case

  • For example: “led to Civil Rights movement”

  • NOT credited: “Brown led to desegregation of public schools”





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