2001 Free Response Questions



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2001 Free Response Questions


  1. The United States Constitution has endured for more than two centuries as the framework of government. However, the meaning of the Constitution has been changed both by formal and informal methods.

    1. Identify two formal methods for adding amendments to the Constitution.

    2. Describe two informal methods that have been used to change the meaning of the Constitution. Provide one example for each informal method you described.

    3. Explain why informal methods are used more often than the formal amendment process.

  2. Question #2 includes a line chart, which is not reproducible.

  3. Many scholars and observers have argued that the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution has become the single most important act in all of United States politics.

    1. Identify which provision of the Fourteenth Amendment was applied in one of the following Supreme Court cases. For the case you select, explain the significance of the decision in United States politics:

    1. Identify which provision of the Fourteenth Amendment was applied in one of the following Supreme Court cases. For the case you select, explain the significance of the decision in U.S. politics.

      • Mapp v. Ohio (1961)

      • Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)

      • Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

  1. Explain how each of the political factors listed below makes it difficult for the federal government to enact public policy. Provide one example for each explanation.

    1. Divided government

    2. Weak party discipline

    3. Growth in the number of interest groups and political action committees (PACs).




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