2. What Is Knowledge? Martin Kozloff 2012


Personal knowledge/reality and Collective knowledge/reality



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Personal knowledge/reality and Collective knowledge/reality

A developing conception of reality (stock of knowledge) for each person, and for the social groups of which the person is a member, consists of four kinds of things that are known, stored, used, taught, and shared/communicated, in the form of language music, dance, and graphic arts.



Concepts = The kinds of thing there are. Colors, shapes, objects, actions, places, times, groups.
Facts =The features of individual things.

Rules or propositions = The way things are connected. Sequences, causation, parts and wholes, processes.

Cognitive routines = The way to get things done. Solving, analyzing, predicting, explaining, theorizing, organizing, fixing.









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We call our representation of Reality, or Nature, knowledge. However, we SHOULD call it knowledge ONLY when beliefs are valid (that is, are logical, reasonable, supported by strong evidence). Beliefs and statements that are NOT logical, reasonable, supported by strong evidence are not knowledge. They are just baloney, speculation, rumor, bias, bunk, nonsense, false, and flapdoodle. How can we tell if beliefs and statements are knowledge (valid) or are false (invalid)? The answer is, we use principles of sound reasoning---called logic.

Now, Dear Reader, all your pals are waiting for you here.
Directory: kozloffm
kozloffm -> The Declaration is organized as a deductive argument--in this case, a deductive syllogism
kozloffm -> Ancient Greek Phalanx Combat Identify facts, lists, concepts, rules/propositions, and routines (e g., a procedure) to teach. How would you teach? Powerpoint? Students read portions? You read portions?
kozloffm -> Lessons on the Declaration of Independence As Part of a Unit on American Independence
kozloffm -> Definitions of Variables Martin Kozloff a definition is a statement that tells what a word a name
kozloffm -> Speech to the Third Army
kozloffm -> Planning your presentation
kozloffm -> The art of reasoning becomes of first importance
kozloffm -> Spartan Poetry and Memorials Use inductive reasoning: compare and contrast samples and identify common concepts and rules/principles regarding Make generalizations about how the Spartans define, valued, guided themselves by
kozloffm -> Assessment of Knowledge of Curriculum Big Ideas Martin Kozloff Copyright 2006 Task 1
kozloffm -> Making Sense of What You Read and Hear, and Making Sense When You Teach Martin Kozloff You need to know this, and you need to teach it to your students


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