Alexander Hamilton, George Washington, John Adams, John Jay, James Madison
Mostly bankers, lawyers, and merchants were federalists and were better able to communicate with one another since they lived in urban areas
Attended Constitutional Convention and knew about all of the discussions that had taken place
Organized quickly after Constitutional Convention to make sure Federalists were elected as delegates to each state's ratifying convention
Published a series of 85 essays known as the Federalist Papers
The Federalist Papers were in defense of the Constitution and were printed in New York newspapers as well as other papers throughout the states
Believed Constitution was needed to preserve order and secure liberties
Believed a bill of rights was not needed because the Constitution itself limited the government's powers. They feared that creating a list of rights might lead to other dangers and it would be impossible to list every right.
2. Opposed strong central government. Opposed a standing army and a 10 square mile federal stronghold (later District of Columbia).
3. Strong national government threatened state power.
4. Strong national government threatened rights of the common people. Constitution was created by aristocratic elements. Suspected a sinister plot to suppress liberty of the masses.
5. Constitution favored wealthy men and preserved their power. Opposed the dropping of annual elections for representatives.
6. Constitution lacked a bill of rights. State governments already had bills of rights but they might be overridden by the Constitution.
7. Argued against 2/3 ratification plan. Articles of Confederation required unanimous consent.
8. Opposed omitting any reference to God.
1. Articles of Confederation were weak and ineffective.
2. National government needed to be strong in order to function. Powers in foreign policy needed to be strengthened while excesses at home needed to be controlled.
3. Strong national government needed to control uncooperative states.
4. Men of experience and talent should govern the nation. "Mobocracy" threatened the security of life and property.
5. National government would protect the rights of the people.
6. Constitution and state governments protected individual freedoms without bill of rights. Since people could take back delegated power to the gov’t, there was no risk that the national gov’t would overreach.
7. In favor of establishing the Constitution with almost any means possible.
8. More sympathetic to separation of church and state.