1998 Wahoo War of the Minds Round # 8

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1998 Wahoo War of the Minds

Round # 8

Questions by Matthew Schneller

1. Discovered in 1957, initial attempts to purify this immune system component were marked by failure. As recently as 1978, one impure dosage ran as high as $50,000. By the mid-eighties, this antiviral protein was being produced in enough quantity to produce a dosage for one dollar. FTP, name the rare protein, found in fibroblast, immune, and leukocyte forms, that stimulates the immune system and hinders the spread of an infection.

Answer: interferon

2. Leonard Bernstein described this composer as “a little German-Czech-Moravian-Jewish-Polish boy.” Reputed to have adopted his mother’s limp, he actually changed the rhythm of his steps to suit the tunes constantly drifting through his head. After a brief affair with the daughter of the telegraph operator of his hometown of Iglau, he composed the orchestral work The Song of the Earth. Inspired by Nietzsche, he wrote his 3rd symphony entitled The Joyful Science, which contains a passage based upon Thus Spake Zarathustra. FTP, name the composer best known for massive symphonies such as his Eighth, the Symphony of a Thousand.

Answer: Gustav Mahler

3. Originally a god of the Otomi tribe, he lived in the mountaintops with his consorts, the goddesses of grain and agriculture. He owned four pitchers of water: the first produced growth; the second produced spiders’ webs and blight upon the maize crop; the third created frost; and the fourth destroyed all fruits. Among the many bizarre rituals of his cult included the ritual cannibalism of children. FTP, identify the agricultural god of mountains, spring and rain in Aztec mythology.

Answer: Tlaloc

4. When one of the conspirators involved in this incident was arrested near Tarrytown, the other one was informed about it by his captors, and fled to the Vulture. After Cornwallis defeated Gates at Camden, Henry Clinton decided to initiate a new method of attack in the Mid-Atlantic colonies, and resumed negotations with a disgruntled American officer in May, 1780. FTP, name the fort which Major John AndrŽ attempted to procure for the British from its American commendant, Benedict Arnold.

Answer: the seizure of West Point (accept equivalents)

5. It has lent its name to a three-quarter-length waistcoat due to the oddly shaped portraits of artist Sir Godfrey Kneller, but was more prominent as a literary society. Members of the club included Sir Samuel Garth, Robert Walpole, John Vanbrugh, and Richard Steele. It was named for the host’s tasty mutton pies. FTP, name the club of 18th century Whigs whose name has since been appropriated by a popular candy bar.

Answer: Kit-Cat Club

6. This Italian painter settled in Parma in 1518, creating the innovative sequence of paintings about the goddess of the hunt, Diana Returning from the Chase. A prototypical Baroque artist, his paintings innovated the skillful use of foreshortening and dramatic lighting adopted by later painters. Later works include The Ascension of Christ and Jupiter and Io. FTP, name the teacher of Parmigianino, whose real name was Antonio Allegri, but who is commonly known by the central Italian city of his birth.

Answer: Antonio Allegri da Correggio (accept early Antonio Allegri)

7. Discovered as early as 200 BC by Chinese astrologers, they are currently examined using the magnetograph invented in 1948 by American astrologer Horace W. Babcock. Gustav Kirchhoff linked them to gradations in the Fraunhofer spectrum, but they are understood today as areas of turbulence in the supergranulated topology of Sol. FTP, name the areas of high magnetic activity which appear in a 22-year cycle.

Answer: sunspots

8. The term technically refers to groups in England and Scotland from around the year 1000 BC, but it has been appropriated by anthropology. Once synonymous with “gen,” it has grown into a more general term. Commonality may be determined by a common totem, but is more likely to be patrilinearly derived. FTP, identify the anthropological term for a family unit.

Answer: clan

9. “Reading,” “Sounds,” “House-Warming,” “Winter Animals,” “Brute Neighbors,” “Visitors,” “The Village,” “The Bean-Field,” “Spring, Solitude,” “Economy,” “Where I Lived and What I Lived For,” “Baker Farm,” “The Ponds,” “The Pond in Winter,” and “Higher Laws” are all title chapters in this work. FTP, name the 1854 work, which describes a two year period from March 1845 to September 1847 which the author spent in the woods, a narrative of self-exploration by Henry David Thoreau.

Answer: Walden; or, Life in the Woods

10. Major provisions of this treaty include the confirmation of the separate peace with Savoy, the restoration of conquests between England, France, and Holland, France’s restoration of Spanish territory, Holland’s restoration of its Indian territory to France, and the dynastic confirmation of William III and Anne. FTP, name this treaty signed September 30, 1697, which ended King William’s War.

Answer: Peace of Ryswick

11. If it is cut down the middle, it will become a single two-sided loop instead of falling apart into two separate loops. Named for a German pioneer in topology, it is unique as a one-sided, two-dimensional surface. FTP, name the topological quirk that can be demonstrated by rotating the ends of a long rectangular piece of paper and joining them.

Answer: Mšbius strip

12. Created in 1619, this position’s holder received a butt of sack and two hundred pounds. Early, unofficial holders of this position include John Skelton and Samuel Daniel, but the first to person to officially hold it was Sir William Davenant. More recent titleholders have included James Henry Pye, Robert Bridges, and Sir John Betjeman. FTP, identify the position whose duty it was to compose such works as odes for the English royalty.

Answer: poet laureate (accept: versificator regis)

13. Born in Foulshiels, Scotland in 1771, he arrived at present-day Karantaba in 1795. After being captured by a local chieftain, he escaped to the town of SŽgou and proceeded to float downstream as far as Silla. His second expedition was not as fortuitous, and he after being attacked at Bussa, he died. FTP, name the Scottish explorer whose expeditions on the Niger River were recounted in his Travels to the Interior of North Africa, best known for being devoured by crocodiles.

Answer: Mungo Park

14. Part 1, entitled “Reveries” or “Passions,” explores the comatose dream of the author for his beloved. In Part 2, “A Ball,” the author sees his beloved at a dance. In Part 3, “A Scene in the Country,” he wonders is his love is true. The final two parts, “March to the Scaffold” and “Dream of a Witches’ Sabbath,” detail his murder of his beloved and her reappearance in an infernal dance of goblins. FTP, name this orchestral work detailing the turbulent relationship between Harriet Smithson and Hector Berlioz.

Answer: Symphonie Fantastique

15. Mayors Samuel “Golden Rule” Jones in Toledo and Tom L. Jones in Cleveland cracked down on municipal bosses and nascent union structures. Oregon adopted such measures as initiatives and referendums and later innovated the use of preferential primaries for presidential elections. This last usage was adapted by Wisconsin as the direct primary. All of these were, FTP, important examples of what political movement which also led to the railroad commission, the income tax, and the Presidential candidacy of Robert LaFollette?

Answer: Progressive movement

16. This author served as the minister of culture under the conservative de Gaulle after fighting as an aviator for a Communist faction in the Spanish Civil War. Known as an archaeologist, his trip to Indonesia ended in his involvement in the Chinese revolution. His 1928 novel The Conquerors relates this experience. FTP, name this author, whose Days of Wrath describes Nazism from the viewpoint of a fugitive Communist leader, while his best known works are Man’s Fate and Man’s Hope.

Answer: (Georges) AndrŽ Malraux (mall-RO)

17. His theorem states that subgroup orders divide group orders, his physical quantity is the difference in kinetic and potential energies, and his points are the five equilibrium locations for small bodies in the three-body problem. FTP, name this 18th century French-Italian physicist and mathematician best known for his Analytical Mechanics and Theory of analytical functions.

Answer: Joseph-Louis Lagrange, comte de L’Empire (Giuseppe Luigi Lagrangia)

18. Sumptuary laws should be enacted to limit people’s purchase of luxuries. Thrift and parsimony are the only means by which capital is created. All trade balances should be favorable and colonies should be established to create markets with a favorable trade balance; manufacturing should be prohibited in colonies. For 10 points, name this early economic theory, which held that money was the sole source of a nation’s wealth.

Answer: mercantilism

19. She was beatified in 1925, and canonized by Pope Pius XI eight years later. In 1866, she retired to the convent of the Sisters of Charity at Nevers, and died at the age of 35. FTP, name this French peasant girl, who was gathering firewood on the bank of the river Gave when she experienced the first of the 18 visions of the Virgin Mary, who told her to drink from the nearby spring of Lourdes.

Answer: Saint Bernadette of Lourdes

20. The old region, built upon the ruins of an ancient citadel, provides a stark contrast to the “new” portion of the city built in 1929. After serving as the capital of the Roman province of Galatia Prima, it fell in succession to the Seljuk and Ottoman Turks. It acquired its present name in 1930, seven years after being made the capital of its country. FTP, name the city which profited at Istanbul’s expense when it was named the capital of Turkey.

Answer: Ankara (accept: Angora or Ancyra)

21. Coined by Herbert Spencer in his 1860 A Principle of Synthetic Philosophy, this idea adapted more broadly Spencer’s own phrase “survival of the fittest.” Expounded upon in his Social Statistics, Spencer’s ideas were extended by others as justification for an extreme system of governmental laissez-faire. FTP, identify the sociological term whose most famous proponents include philosopher William Graham Sumner and industrialist Andrew Carnegie.

Answer: social Darwinism (prompt on: hereditarianism)

22. On the left side in the foreground, a young servant pours beer from a large jug to a smaller serving container. On the near left, hungry musicians entertain such feasting guests as a friar, a magistrate, and many townsfolk. In the foreground, two men in white aprons carry blood pudding to the revelers and the chubby, imperious bride sits garnered in a homemade crown. FTP, name this painting of rural celebration by Pieter Bruegel the Elder.

Answer: A Country Wedding

23. Born in Paris in 1760, he moved to America to fight in the Revolution but returned to his native country when revolution broke out. He hoped that Christianity could serve to guide the forces of industry to eliminate want and wars. FTP, identify the author of The New Christianity, one of the most prominent of the early socialists.

Answer: Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Compte de Saint-Simon

Matthew Schneller Boni

1. Answer the following questions about the controversial American author Henry Miller for the stated number of points.

1. For five points per part, give the similar sounding titles of his autobiographical trilogy The Rosy Crucifixion.

Answer: Sexus , Plexus, Nexus

2. For five points, name the 1934 novel which made Miller famous for its pornographic descriptions of Paris life.

Answer: Tropic of Cancer

3. For ten points, name the book published in between his highly successful Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn, an erotic collection of sketches and stories about his experiences in France.

Answer: Black Spring
2. Answer the following about 19th century Egyptian history FTP each.

1. Appointed governor by the Ottoman sultanate, this man was a tobacco merchant who consolidated considerable power in the region.

Answer: Mohammed Ali

2. Mohammed Ali cemented his hold on the region’s politics by treacherously inviting his enemies to dinner and killing them as they ate. Give the name of the ethnic group to which the guests belonged.

Answer: Mamlukes

3. To suppress the revolt of Albanian mercenaries, Mohammed was forced to flood this large city, whose Arabic name means “the Victorious.”

Answer: Cairo
3. The first of the four major classes of antibiotics to be discovered was penicillin. Answer the following questions about the other three major types FTP each.

1. This class of drug is used to treat such maladies as Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, gonorrhea, and trachoma. Principal side effects include chest pain, a sore throat, and facial swelling.

Answer: tetracyclines

2. This drug is used to treat pneumonia, whooping cough, and diphtheria in addition to its use as a common acne medication. Side effects may include rapid heartbeat, jaundice of the eyes or skin, and abdominal pain.

Answer: erythromycins (accept: macrolides)

3. This group is more effective than penicillin against gram-negative bacteria and is often used to treat meningitis. It rarely causes side effects besides the occasional skin rash.

Answer: cephalosporins
4. Answer the following related questions FTP each.

1. Most effectively defined by American preacher William Miller, this religious movement stresses the imminent return of Christ.

Answer: Adventists (do not accept: Seventh Day Adventists or any other sub-branch)

2. Give either of the years Miller predicted for the Second Coming.

Answer: 1843 or 1844

3. After the Second Coming failed to occur as planned, many members left the Adventist movement and returned to their original churches. What was the term given to the failed prediction?

Answer: First or Second Disappointment
5. Answer the following questions about historic sex surveys for the stated number of points.

1. (5 points) This professor at Indiana University published Sexual Behavior of the Human Male in 1948.

Answer: Alfred Charles Kinsey

2. (10 points) His books of photographs taken of students at Yale and Vassar, known as Atlas of Men and Atlas of Women, were the most comprehensive attempt to link physique and psychology.

Answer: W.H. Sheldon

3. (15 points) This Stanford teacher created the first study of female sexuality in the 1900s, but never published her results out of fear of reprisals from conservative elements of society.

Answer: Dr. Clelia Mosher

6. Answer the following questions about French naturalist Emile Zola FTP each.

1. This cycle of twenty novels by Emile Zola described the world of a family in the Second Empire in excruciating detail.

Answer: Les Rougon-Macquart

2. This 1885 novel portrays the difficult life and halting unionization of the French miners.

Answer: Germinal

3. An 1891 book describing the end of the Second Republic, it was the last of the series of brutally naturalistic novels within Les Rougon-Macquart. After its publishing, Zola focused on evangelistic crusading in his writing rather than objective criticism.

Answer: La DŽbacle (accept: The Downfall)

7. Answer the following questions relating to polymers FTP apiece.

1. This type of polymer is exemplified by the conversion of propylene to polypropylene.

Answer: addition polymers

2. This type of polymer arranges all functional groups on the same side of the polymer chain.

Answer: isotactic addition polymers

3. In this type of polymer, functional groups alternate about the polymer chain.

Answer: syndiotactic addition polymer
8. Identify these works of Soren Kierkegaard FTP each.

1. In this book, Kierkegaard attacked Hegel’s contention that a rational understanding of human action was possible.

Answer: Concluding Unscientific Postscript

2. Kierkegaard’s first major work, this 1843 book describes the two stages of existence: aesthetic and ethical.

Answer: Either/Or

3. This 1849 work emphasized the role of suffering in true Christian understanding and exhibits a marked turn toward the morbid.

Answer: The Sickness Unto Death
9. Give the name of the similarly titled works of classical music for the stated number of points.

1. 5 points: In this 1821 opera by Carl Maria von Weber, the title character makes a pact with the Devil to obtain seven bullets.

Answer: Der Freischutz (accept: The Free Shooter)

2. 15 points: This tone poem by Cesar Franck follows the travails of an imposing man of the wilderness.

Answer: The Accursed Huntsman (accept: The Cursed Hunter or similar)

3. 10 points: This Manuel da Falla ballet follows a gypsy girl’s attempts to exorcise the memory of a faithless lover.

Answer: El Amor Brujo (accept: The Demon Lover)
10. Identify the following works by Borges FTP each.

1. This short story provides the conclusion of the blood feud between detective Erik Lšnnrot and gangster Red Scharlach.

Answer: “Death and the Compass

2. Lšnnrot’s death in a complicated maze of Scharlach’s invention gave its name to this collection of short stories released in 1944 and translated in 1962.

Answer: Labyrinths

3. The collected works written by the title character of this story include the ninth and thirty-eighth chapters of Don Quixote.

Answer: Pierre Menard
11. Answer the following about pre-war Vietnam, for the stated number of points.

1. 5 points: When his negotiations at Fontainebleau were unable to accomplish his aims, this Vietnamese Communist created his own rŽgime.

Answer: Ho Chi Minh (accept: Nguyen (n’yen) Tat Thanah)

2. 10 points: The non-Communist nationalist leader in Vietnam, he was the former emperor of Amman in central Vietnam. The French ceded power to him on March 8th, 1949 and he ruled until deposed by Ngo Dinh Diem in 1955.

Answer: Bao Dai

3. 15 points: This French general instituted military rule and was the de facto authority in South Vietnam until the Battle of Dienbienphu.

Answer: General DeLattre de Tassigny

12. Name the figures from Phoenician mythology from clues FTP each.

1. This ancient god stood at the top of the Phoenician hierarchy. Often represented as a bull and charged with making the rivers flow, he was worshipped by most Semitic peoples.

Answer: El

2. This god’s real name was Hadad, the god of the tempest, but he was known by another title, the Phoenician for “lord.” He was killed by giant mystical creatures of El’s creation.

Answer: Ba’al Tsaphon

3. The enemy of fellow vegetation-god Aleyin, this agricultural deity’s cyclical birth and death inspired the Greek Adonis.

Answer: Mot (accept: Hay-Tau)

13. Identify the important Supreme Court cases from the 1960s, for the stated number of points.

1. 5 points: This 1961 case overturned Wolf v. Colorado and forced evidence seized without a warrant to be excluded from court.

Answer: Mapp v Ohio

2. 10 points: The decision for this 1964 case said public officials acting in their public capacity could recover libel only with proof of publication of defamatory lies.

Answer: New York Times v. Sullivan

3. 15 points: This 1966 case reversed the murder conviction of a famous doctor in light of prejudicial media activity.

Answer: Sheppard v. Maxwell
14. Identify these novels of George Eliot from clues FTP each.

1. This 1866 novel follows the growing conflict between a young watchmaker and a rising “liberal” politician named Harold Transome.

Answer: Felix Holt the Radical

2. The title character marries the pretty, shallow Hetty Sorrel. After her imprisonment for the murder of her child, he marries the preacher Dinah Morris.

Answer: Adam Bede

3. This 1863 novel was a historical romance based on the life of Florentine religious and political reformer Girolamo Savonarola.

Answer: Romola
15. Identify the city from clues, 30-20-10.

1. Located on the Manzanares River, it is some to cultural attractions such as the Sabatini Gardens and a crescent-shaped historical district.

2. Originally the Moorish fortress of Alcazar, it is currently home to the monarchy in the Zarzuela Palace.

3. This Spanish city is home to the Prado.

Answer: Madrid
16. Identify the mathematical symbol from its origin FTP each.

1. This symbol was first used in 1492 and given wide credence by German mathematician Christoff Rudolf in 1530.

Answer: decimal point (accept: period or comma)

2. This symbol was introduced by German and English algebraists, replacing earlier methods. Such representations included a lower-case “p” by Italians, juxtaposition of numbers by Greek and Hindu mathematicians, and a circle with a line drawn through it by prominent mathematician Niccolo Tartalia.

Answer: plus sign (_+_)

3. German mathematician Johann Widman standardized the use of this symbol, replacing the upward arrow of the Greek Diophantus, the Italian lower-case “m” and the dot used by Hindu thinkers.

Answer: minus sign (_-_)
17. Identify the Maxwell Anderson works FTP each.

1. This 1935 verse drama was Anderson’s most powerful treatment of the Sacco-Vanzetti case. He explores the case from the viewpoint of a vengeful son, Mio, and his love for Mariamne, the sister of one of the criminals.

Answer: Winterset

2. Not inspired by Elton John, this play explores the terrors of Nazism in the strained setting of wartime Paris.

Answer: Candle in the Wind

3. The most frequently performed of Anderson’s plays, this 1948 historical drama portrays mercurial Henry VIII as a well-meaning, but misunderstood, sovereign.

Answer: Anne of the Thousand Days

18. Identify the unrelated confederations of American history.

1. Begun as the “Woman’s War,” this was the formal arm of the campaign against alcohol.

Answer: Anti-Saloon League

2. Part of B’nai B’rith, this group combats civil rights violations.

Answer: Anti-Defamation League

3. Fighting for equal pay for equal work, this association took several hundred universities to court for discriminating against women employees.

Answer: Women’s Equity Action League

19. Give the composers of these overtures FTP each.

1. Overture to Ruy Blas

Answer: Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn

2. Overture to “The School for Scandal”

Answer: Samuel Barber

3. Offenbach Overtures

Answer: Paul Taylor
20. You walk on them every day, but probably don’t pay much notice. Answer the following questions about the art of carpet-making FTP each.

1. This class of carpet includes tapestries, brocades, soumak, and embroidery.

Answer: flat-weave

2. From the Old English word meaning “to throw away,” this word refers to the vertical threads of a carpet or rug. Its more traditional meaning is “to distort.”

Answer: warp

3. This term, derived from an Old English root of the same meaning, refers to the “woof,” or the crosswise threads at right angles to the “warp,” or vertical threads.

Answer: weft
21. Answer the following questions about American behaviorist B.F. Skinner, 5-10-15.

1. A subject-regulated food dispenser for rats attached to a recording system, this was Skinner’s most famous invention.

Answer: Skinner box

2. Skinner also created an air-conditioned, soundproof cradle for one of his daughters. Often confused in the media with the “Skinner box,” it was nothing more than a creature comfort.

Answer: Aircrib

3. Rumors that the daughter in the Aircrib went mad and killed herself couldn’t have been further from the truth--in fact, she grew up to be a successful psychologist in her own right. Name her.

Answer: Deborah Skinner
22. Answer the following questions relating to computer hardware, 5-10-15.

1. This is the primary location of computational control in a computer, responsible for the calculations that drive applications.

Answer: Central Processing Unit (accept microprocessor)

2. The first microprocessor, this Intel chip was produced in 1971. Intended to be used in a calculator, it was a 4-bit microprocessor capable of only 60,000 operations per second.

Answer: Intel 4004

3. Replacing optical lithography with x-ray lithography will increase the clock speeds of microprocessors, but a more fundamental revolution was IBM’s recent engineering triumph. Technicians succeeded, for the first time, in creating a microprocessor out of what cheap but extremely ornery metallic element?

Answer: copper
23. Identify the avatars of Vishnu, 5-10-15.

1. Vishnu’s exploits while in this strapping young incarnation are detailed in the Bhagavad-Gita.

Answer: Krishna

2. While incarnated as this fish, Vishnu warned Manu of a coming deluge in the Hindu tale of the flood.

Answer: Matsya

3. While this wild boar, Vishnu raised the earth above the floodwaters of the great deluge.

Answer: Varahavatara

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