1998 Wahoo War of the Minds Round # 6

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1998 Wahoo War of the Minds

Round # 6

Questions by Matt Bruce

1. The name is derived from a man originally known as Peter Gonzalez. It is caused by a corona discharge of atmospheric electricity and is often accompanied by crackling sounds. Seen during thunderstorms and extending from elevated objects such as ship masts and church spires, for 10 points, what luminous glow shares its name with a 1985 Joel Schumacher movie?

Answer: Saint Elmo's Fire

2. In 1827 he joined the Carbonari, a secret society. He was jailed in 1830 when his membership was disclosed. In 1834 he came under a death sentence for plotting a military expedition into territory of the House of Savoy, thanks to which he would later refuse a seat in Parliament. For 10 points, name this republican and founder of Young Italy.

Answer: Giusseppe Mazzini

3. It is the title of Robert Herrick's only published volume of verse, alluding to the pastoral nature of most of his poems. It also refers to three sisters who were assisted by the dragon Ladon, whom Hercules slew in order to bring fruit to Eurystheus. For 10 points, what names the three sisters who guarded Hera's marital gift of golden apples?

Answer: Hesperides

4. The northern Nergal gate has been restored. The palaces of Sennacherib and his grandson Ashurbanipal [ah-shur-BAN-i-pal] stand at Kuyunjik [kye-UN-jik], the citadel of the site. The temple E-mashmash, dedicated to Ishtar, also stood there. The imperial arsenal is not excavated because modern buildings still cover it, among them a mosque rumored to contain the tomb of Jonah. For 10 points, name this one-time capital of Assyria.

Answer: Nineveh

5. This medium first became popular when Rosalba Carriera [ka-RARE-a] arrived in Paris. Other artists noted for employing it include Jean Baptiste Perronneau [per-ron-NO], Maurice Quentin de La Tour, Edgar Degas, and Mary Cassatt. Although the colors are permanent, they do not penetrate the paper. Because most of the pigments used contain white, for 10 points, what medium's name also refers to light, creamy colors?

Answer: pastel

6. Her first works for children are translated into English in Crickets and Frogs: A Fable. She donated the proceeds of "Tala" to the relief of Basque children orphaned in the Spanish Civil War. The daughter of a rural schoolmaster, she won a 1914 poetry contest with a verse inspired by unhappy romance Sonnets of Death. FTP, name this Chilean poet, the first Spanish-American woman to win the Nobel prize for Literature.

Answer: Gabriela Mistral

7. Congress wanted to allow it to try people by military commission, but the President vetoed the bill creating it on the grounds that such trials would violate the fifth amendment. He also thought that Congress couldn’t legislate with 11 states unrepresented, but the bill was passed over his veto on July 16, 1865. FTP, name this branch of the armed forces, which was headed by General Oliver Otis Howard, and whose purpose was to provide food, shelter, seeds, and agricultural equipment to white Civil War refugees and blacks who had fled to the Union.

Answer: Freedmen's Bureau; or Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands

8. The four acts are entitled “The Lion’s Mouth,” “The Rosary,” “The House of Gold,” and “The Orfano Canal.” Adapted from Angelo, tyrant of Padua, a play by Victor Hugo, the libretto is set a century later, and tells the story of the title character who offers to buy the safety of her love Enza from Barnaba, only to find that Enza is in love with Laura Adorno. FTP, identify this opera with a libretto by Arrigo Boito, famed for its “Dance of the Hours,” which was written by Amilcare Ponchielli, and which shares its name with an alternate title for the Mona Lisa.

Answer: La Gioconda

9. While visiting a sorceress in Thessaly, the protagonist induces a maid to steal a magic potion that will turn him into an owl, but he takes the wrong potion. After enduring several cruel owners, Lucius finally regains human form with the help of the goddess Isis. For 10 points, name this satirical romance written by Lucius Apuleius.

Answer: The Golden Ass or Metamorphoses

10. During this dynasty, such painters as Mi Fei [ME FAY], Ma Yuan, and Hsia Kuei [SHAH QUEE] carried Chinese landscape to its peak. Movable type was invented, and Chu Hsi [CHU SHEE] founded neo-Confucianism. Radical reformer Wang Anshi established price supports and emergency grain reserves. Founded by Chao K'uang-yin [CHOW-kwong-YIN], for 10 points, what dynasty lasted from 960 to 1279?

Answer: Song Dynasty

11. Melting and evaporation are the most important; calving and removal by wind and by avalanching are less so. In the lower part of a glacier, it outpaces accumulation, causing shrinkage, although the opposite is true higher up. For 10 points, what eight-letter word describes the processes that decrease a glacier's mass?

Answer: ablation

12. The name of this sequel comes from the Polynesian word for a rover or wanderer. After the hero escapes on the whaler Julia, its crew mutinies and is imprisoned on Tahiti. The hero and his friend, Doctor Long Ghost, then explore together. For 10 points, what Herman Melville work succeeded, and was by consensus superior to, Typee?

Answer: Omoo: A Narrative of Adventures in the South Seas

13. Discovered in 1872 by Ernest Giles, it appears to change color as sunlight strikes it at different angles. It is about 1100 feet tall, a mile-and-a-half long and nearly a mile wide. The lower walls and caves contain traditional Aborigine paintings. For 10 points, what desert monolith takes its name from a former South Australian premier?

Answer: Ayers Rock

14. It depends not only on the mass of the body but also on the distribution of mass relative to the axis. Objects whose mass is concentrated near the axis have the smallest; hence, they reach the bottom of an inclined plane more quickly. Equal to T divided by alpha, where T is torque and alpha is angular momentum, for 10 points, what is this measure of a body's resistance to changes in rotation rate?

Answer: moment of inertia (prompt on "moment" or "inertia")

15. The psychologist Clark Hull used this term to designate the most elementary unit of learning. Defined by the legal scholar McCormick as "one's regular response to a repeated specific situation," Federal Rule of Evidence 406 allows its use to prove that one's actions in a particular case conformed with it. FTP, what is this five-letter word, bad examples of which include fingernail biting and nose picking?

Answer: habit

16. Its name comes from the Hebrew for "repetition," and it consists of six orders, whose names translate to Seeds; Seasons; Women; Damages; Holy Things; and Purifications. It also includes non-legal material, notably the Chapters of the Fathers. Promulgated by rabbi Judah Ha-Nasi, for 10 points, what, together with the Gemara, forms the Talmud?

Answer: Mishna (prompt on early Talmud)

17. Miklos became a baron in 1613 and a count in 1626. His son Pal continued Miklos's pro-Hapsburg policies, and became an imperial prince in 1687. Pal's grandson Miklos built a palace in Fertod, but is better known as a patron of the arts. For 10 points, name this Hungarian family of nobles, who share their name with the real culprit in the Dreyfus affair, and whose kappelmeisters included Franz Josef Haydn.

Answer: Esterhazy

18. The palace was restored in the 1860s, and served as the presidential palace until the 1930s. In 1940 it became a museum, and in 1945 hosted the Inter-American Conference on hemispheric security. Starting in 1841, the palace served as National Military Academy, until the hill was stormed in 1847 by U.S. troops who killed most of the Mexican cadets in battle. For 10 points, what hill in western Mexico City has a name that translates to "hill of the grasshopper"?

Answer: Chapultepec (prompt on "Mexico City")

19. Some of his poetry collections were inspired by foreign travel, such as Black and White, about a visit to Senegal, and Monologue of a Polar Fox on an Alaskan Fur Farm. In 1963, he published A Precocious Autobiography in France, incurring the wrath of Soviet authorities. For 10 points, what Russian poet filled outdoor stadiums for readings of such poems as Babi Yar?

Answer: Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Yevtushenko

20. Frank developed the theory that any sufficiently large grouping must contain an orderly substructure. Norman shared the 1989 Nobel Physics prize with Wolfgang Paul and Hans Dehmelt. Sir William, who spells his name slightly differently, discovered krypton, neon, and xenon with Morris Travers in 1898. For 10 points, what surname do they share?

Answer: Ramsey (or Ramsay, in Sir William's case)

21. Serafina, a Sicilian living on Florida's Gulf Coast, keeps her dead truck-driving husband's ashes in a marble urn. Three years later, she meets a younger truck driver who, like her husband, sports the title decoration on his chest. For 10 points, name this oddly lighthearted 1951 play by Tennessee Williams.

Answer: The Rose Tattoo

22. Petitioners were indicted for violating the conspiracy provisions of the Smith Act from 1945 to 1948. Chief Justice Vinson wrote the majority opinion, adopting Learned Hand's idea that courts "must ask whether the gravity of the evil, discounted by its improbability, justifies such invasion of free speech as is necessary to avoid the danger." For 10 points, name this 1951 first amendment case involving members of the Communist Party of the United States.

Answer: Dennis v. United States

23. Unlike herbs, they have a woody stem. In arid regions they provide camouflage and stabilize soil. In forests, they help overhead tree vegetation grow. Unlike trees, which have a single trunk, they have multiple branches originating above or below ground. The azalea, butterfly bush, camellia, gardenia, and Chinese hibiscus can all be described by, for 10 points, what five-letter word?

Answer: shrub (accept "shrubs" or "shrubbery" before final clue)

The title character, danced by Vaslav Nijinsky in its first performance as a ballet, is playing his flute on a hot day when he encounters two nymphs their way to bathe. He pursues one, who escapes him, but comes away with her scarf. Based on a poem by Stephane Mallarme [mal-lar-MAY], for 10 points, name this Impressionist work whose orchestration was composed by Claude Debussy [de-bu-SEE].

Answer: Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun or Prelude ˆ l'Aprs-midi d'un Faune

Inspired by the earlier Flow-Matic language of Grace Hopper, this was the first language to incorporate database management into its basic code. Still common in corporate and government computer systems, for 10 points, what computer language is at the center of the Year Two Thousand problem?

Answer: COBOL or Common Business Oriented Language

Miguel Cairo; Bubba Trammell; Paul Sorrento; John Flaherty; Quentin McCracken; Kevin Stocker; Dave Martinez; and native sons Fred McGriff and Wade Boggs. All are expected to be in the Opening Day starting lineup of, for 10 points, which of Major League Baseball's 1998 expansion teams?

Answer: Tampa Bay or Devil Rays

28. Paul Theroux's first novel, published in 1967. The surname at birth of science fiction novelist Theodore Sturgeon. The middle name of the author of The American Scholar; The Conduct of Life; and Representative Men. You could find all these by searching on-line, or find a man with a red striped shirt in books seeking, for 10 points, what common name?

Answer: Waldo

After his father took away his horses, he distinguished himself in battle on foot. In his old age he led a fleet of ninety ships into the Trojan War, and, in the Odyssey, entertained Telemachus. For 10 points, name this king of Pylos.

Answer: Nestor

A student of Albrecht Durer from 1502 to 1504, he favored images of the Holy Family in such religious works as Rest on the Flight into Egypt. Witches appear in many of his works; in the Meteorologic Witches, they evoke storms. Several panels on the theme of Death and the Maiden contrast a fleshy nude with a spectral skeleton. For 10 points, who also produced Eve, the Serpent, and Death?

Answer: Hans Baldung-Grien

The International Health Program Office, Public Health Practice Program Office, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, National Center for Prevention Services, National Center for Infectious Diseases, National Center for Health Statistics, and National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, are all programs within, for 10 points, what Atlanta-based federal agency?

Answer: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC (do NOT accept "Center for Disease Control")

Matt Bruce Boni
1. Name these dance forms, for the stated number of points

1. (5 points) Developing in Buenos Aires from the milonga and the habanera, by the 1920s it was a popular ballroom dance, often set to melancholy music.

Answer: tango

2. (5 points) This dance, inspired by a Van McCoy record, required close collaboration between partners.

Answer: hustle

3. (10 points) A lively peasant dance in 4/4 time, it developed from the branle.

Answer: gavotte

4. (10 points) Supposedly first performed by butchers on their feast day, this slow Greek chain dance is usually accompanied by the bouzouki.

Answer: hasapikos
2. Answer these questions related to Valhalla, for the stated number of points.

1. (5 points) In Norse myth, Valhalla was the most beautiful mansion of, for 5 points, what realm?

Answer: Asgard

2. (20 points) For 10 points each, name the boar that supplied the nightly meal to Valhalla's heroes, and the goat that supplied their mead.

Answers: Schrimnir and Heldrun

3. (5 points) Valhalla also names a bright central area, 200 miles wide, surrounded by sets of concentric ridges. It is the most prominent feature of this Galilean moon.

Answer: Callisto
3. Answer these Grimaldi questions for 10 points each.

1. Grimaldi and Richardetto conspire to kill Soranzo, but murder the innocent Bergetto by mistake, in this John Ford tragedy.

Answer: 'Tis Pity She's a Whore

2. Joey Grimaldi created this white-faced, grotesquely costumed character who figured prominently in the English harlequin plays; its name has since become generic.

Answer: Clown

3. The full-length portrait of Marchesa [mar-KAY-sa] Elena Grimaldi exemplifies the dark but harmonious color used by this Flemish painter.

Answer: Sir Anthony van Dyck
4. Name these African kings for 10 points each.

1. The founder of the Basuto nation, he ruled from his mountain stronghold, Thaba Bosiu.

Answer: Moshoeshoe or Mosheshwe

2. This grandson of Masinissa united Numidia under his rule in 118 B.C.

Answer: Jugurtha

3. He ruled Mali from 1312 to 1337, making a pilgrimage to Mecca around 1325.

Answer: Mansa Musa
5. Two great Russian novels involve a female character with this first name, each of whom has a Prince as a love interest.

1. (10 points) For 10 points, what first name is shared by a Filippovna [fil-e-POVE-na] and a Rostova [roh-STOH-va]?

Answer: Natasha or Natalya or Nathalie

2. (10 points) For 5 points each, in what novels, one by Dostoyevsky and one by Tolstoy, do these Natashas appear?

Answer: The Idiot; War and Peace

3. (5 points) For 5 points, name Filippovna's Princely love interest, a gentle, childlike man.

Answer: Myshkin

5. (5 points) For 5 points, name Rostova's Princely love interest, neither gentle nor childlike, who dies at Borodino.

Answer: Andrei (Andrew) or Bolkonsky

6. Name these types of organic compounds for 10 points each.

1. The molecules of these explosives all contain three doubly bonded nitrogen atoms bonded to an organic or inorganic group.

Answer: azides

2. Accidental by-products in the manufacture of herbicides and wood preservatives, they include the most toxic known synthetic compounds. One, T-C-D-D, was a contaminant in the defoliant Agent Orange.

Answer: dioxins

3. These contain a carbonyl group bonded to two organic groups.

Answer: ketones (Aldehydes have a hydrogen atom instead of an organic group.)

7. For the stated number of points, answer the following about the Mandaeans [man-DAY-ans], a gnostic [NOS-tic] sect that still has a few thousand members today.

1. 10 points: They are sometimes called the "Christians of" this man, because they claim he was a member of their sect and because of their concern for cleanliness.

Answer: Saint John the Baptist

2. 15 points: Their theology is contained in this book, whose name translates to "The Great Book."

Answer: Sidra Rabbah

3. 5 points: They speak a dialect of this language, written in a distinctive script.

Answer: Aramaic
8. He served as Roman emperor from AD 41 to AD 54.

1. (5 points) For 5 points, name him.

Answer: Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus

2. (5 points) Claudius came to the throne after this emperor was murdered.

Answer: Caligula

3. (10 points) Claudius died in 54 A.D., probably because he was poisoned by this woman, his fourth wife.

Answer: Agrippina the Younger

4. (10 points) Name the son whom Agrippina [a-gra-PEE-na] convinced Claudius to set aside in favor of Nero.

Answer: Britannicus
9. Name these English church composers for 10 points each.

1. He was organist of Dover Priory in 1532, but moved to London and then Waltham Abbey, where he composed his early Latin motets: Ave Dei Patris [AH-vay DAY-ee PA-trees], Gaude gloriosa [GOW-day glo-ree-OH-sa], and Salve intemerata [SAL-vay in-tay-ma-RAH-ta].

Answer: Thomas Tallis

2. Only twenty years old when appointed organist and chorus master at Lincoln Cathedral, his "Ye Sacred Muses" laments the death of Tallis.

Answer: William Byrd

3. Perhaps England's best-known church anthem composer, his other works include King Arthur and The Fairy Queen.

Answer: Henry Purcell
10. None of them is Milton Friedman, but name these economists, all of whom once taught at the University of Chicago, FTP each.

1. In a 1937 paper entitled "The Nature of the Firm," he asked, "Why do companies exist?"

Answer: Ronald Coase

2. He won the 1992 Nobel Prize in economics for applying economic tools to discrimination, education, and crime. He published the book Human Capital in 1964, and has written a column for Business Week.

Answer: Gary Becker

3. He shared the 1990 Nobel Prize in economics with Harry Markowitz and William Sharpe, and co-wrote The Cost of Capital, Corporation Finance, and the Theory of Investment with Franco Modigliani.

Answer: Merton Miller

11. Name these wave types, for the stated number of points.

1. (5 points) These waves are formed by the superposition of two waves moving in opposite directions.

Answer: standing or stationary

2. (5 points) These are waves in which vibrations occur in the direction of the wave motion.

Answer: longitudinal

3. (10 points) When a perfectly conducting fluid moves transverse to magnetic lines of force, it carries the lines of force with it. Named for a Swedish astrophysicist, these waves are common in plasma, solar wind, and the Van Allen belts.

Answer: Alfven

4. (10 points) Predicted by quantum mechanics, these are single waves that do not readily disperse.

Answer: soliton

12. For 5 points each, 30 for all correct, given the year and the winners, name the collaborative work that won the Pulitzer Prize in Drama.

1. 1932, George S. Kaufman, Morrie Ryskind, and Ira Gershwin

Answer: Of Thee I Sing

2. 1950, Richard Rodgers, Oscar Hammerstein, and Joshua Logan

Answer: South Pacific

3. 1956, Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett

Answer: The Diary of Anne Frank

4. 1962, Frank Loesser and Abe Burrows

Answer: How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying

5. 1985, Stephen Sondheim and James Lapine

Answer: Sunday in the Park With George
13. England, France, and Germany each had a king named Henry the Third.

1. (10 points) For 10 points, all or nothing, place the countries in the correct chronological order in which they had kings named Henry the Third.

Answer: Germany, England, France

2. (10 points) For 5 points each, name the father and the son of England's Henry the Third.

Answer: John Lackland, Edward I

3. (10 points) Most of the advisers to Henry the Third of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor, came from, for 10 points, what Christian monastery?

Answer: Cluny
14. Name these capes for the stated number of points.

1. 5 points: This is the outermost point of North Carolina's Outer Banks.

Answer: Cape Hatteras

2. 10 points: This is the namesake of the southernmost point of the U.S. mainland and the southernmost point of Nova Scotia.

Answer: Cape Sable

3. 15 points: A high, rocky promontory at the entrance of the Strait of Juan de Fuca, this Washington cape contains a Makah Indian reservation.

Answer: Cape Flattery
15. Late in life he turned to Eastern religions, writing Essentials of Vedanta and My Guru and His Disciple.

1. (10 points) For 10 points, name this left-wing contemporary of W.H. Auden, C. Day Lewis and Stephen Spender.

Answer: Christopher William Bradshaw Isherwood

2. (10 points) For 10 points, what city is the setting for such Isherwood works as Mr. Norris Changes Trains?

Answer: Berlin

3. Berlin Stories, of which Mr. Norris Changes Trains was a part, inspired what Broadway musical?

Answer: Cabaret
16. Name these snakes for the stated number of points.

1. (5 points) For 5, Eunectes murinus [yoo-NECK-tees mu-REE-nus], of the boa family, are the largest boas in the Western Hemisphere.

Answer: anaconda

2. (10 points) For 10, Lampropeltis [lam-pro-PEL-tis], in the family Colubridae [co-LOO-bri-day], are medium constrictors, with smooth scales. Six species occur in the U.S.

Answer: king snake

3. (5 points) For 5, this lefty quarterback led Alabama to three bowl games before the Oakland Raiders drafted him in 1968.

Answer: Ken ("The Snake") Stabler

4. (10 points) For 10, Dendroaspis [den-dro-ASP-is], in the same family as the cobras, are quick-moving with narrow heads and very large eyes. The black variety is the largest poisonous snake in Africa.

Answer: mamba
17. Answer these questions about border disputes in the northern U.S. for the stated number of points.

1. (10 points) For 5 points each, name the valley over which citizens of Maine and New Brunswick fought from 1838 to 1839, and the 1842 treaty that finally settled this dispute.

Answer: Aroostook Valley; Webster-Ashburton Treaty

2. (5 points) 54-40 or fight was a rallying cry for U.S. expansionists, but for 5 points, what parallel did the U.S. and Britain agree to accept as the boundary between the U.S. and British North American from Lake of the Woods westward?

Answer: 49th parallel

3. (10 points) The 49th parallel marked the northern border of Oregon territory, but for 10 points, what parallel marked its southern border?

Answer: 42nd parallel

4. (5 points) "The 42nd Parallel" was one book in the U.S.A. trilogy by John Dos Passos. For 5 points, name either of the other two.

Answer: 1919 or The Big Money
18. Answer these questions about a twentieth-century opera composer, for the stated number of points.

1. (5 points) Lulu was the second opera by what composer of Wozzeck [voy-chek]?

Answer: Alban Berg

2. (15 points) Berg got the libretto for Lulu from, for 15 points, this German Expressionist playwright of The Awakening of Spring; Earth Spirit; and Pandora's Box.

Answer: Frank Wedekind

3. (10 points) Berg was commissioned to write this work by Louis Krasner, who premiered it after the composer’s death in 1936. Inspired by the death of a young girl, it was meant to be a requiem to the “memory of an angel.”

Answer: the Violin Concerto or the Concerto for Violin and Orchestra
19. Name these pioneers in the discovery of rare earth elements for 15 points each.

1. In the 1790s, this Finn discovered yttria [EE-tree-a], a material later shown to contain several rare earth elements. Element 64 takes its name from the mineral that, in turn, took its name from him.

Answer: Johan Gadolin

2. His family ran a wine business in Cognac. He used the spectroscopic methods developed by Kirchhoff to discover gallium, samarium and dysprosium.

Answer: Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran (accept Boisbaudran)
20. Answer the following about George Wallace for 10 points each.

1. Wallace paid his way through Alabama Law School partly by playing what sport professionally?

Answer: Golden Gloves boxing

2. Name his running mate in the 1968 Presidential election.

Answer: Curtis LeMay

3. Who shot and paralyzed him in 1972?

Answer: Arthur Bremer
21. Give these philosophical terms for 10 points each.

1. Immanuel Kant uses this word for things in themselves.

Answer: noumena

2. Until the 5th century B.C., this five-letter Greek term entailed competitive excellence, but by Plato's time it also implied the four civic virtues.

Answer: arete

3. The view that only the self exists or can be known to exist.

Answer: solipsism
22. Answer the following about the Uffizi [oo-FEET-see] Palace.

1. (5 points) For 5 points, in what Italian city is it located?

Answer: Florence

2. (10 points) For 10 points, who designed and partially built the Uffizi, in addition to writing "Lives of the Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects" in 1550?

Answer: Giorgio Vasari

3. (15 points) The first room beyond the entrance holds three large madonnas. For 5 points each, who designed them?

Answer: Cimabue or Cenni di Pepi, Duccio di Buoninsegna, Giotto di Bondone
23. Problems down there? Name these similar ailments for 15 points each.

1. Prolonged penile erection, usually without any sexual desire.

Answer: priapism

2. An inflammation of the testes that complicates such diseases as influenza, Q fever, and mumps.

Answer: orchitis
25. Remember the aftermath of the French Revolution?

1. (10 points) For 10 points, name the month, in either the Gregorian or French Revolutionary calendar, in which Robespierre was executed, reaction to which led to runaway inflation and near anarchy.

Answer: Thermidor or July

2. (15 points) For 15 points, what Communist gained fame in 1795 through his paper, The Tribune of the People, and subsequently attempted to overthrow the Directory in his Conspiracy of Equals?

Answer: Francois Noel Babeuf

3. (5 points) For 5 points, what successor to the Directory was

established by the Constitution of 1799?

Answer: The Consulate

26. Ever been to Botswana?

1. (5 points) For 5 points, what is its capital?

Answer: Gaborone

2. (10 points) Across Botswana's northern border is a narrow strip that extends east from the rest of Angola. For 10 points, name it.

Answer: Caprivi Strip

3. (15 points) For 15 points, this most important river of Botswana does not drain into an ocean, but rather into its namesake swamp north of Lake Ngami.

Answer: The Okavango Swamp
28. In July 1955, President Eisenhower attended a summit meeting, the first summit to be held in a decade.

1. (10 points) For 10 points, in what city was it held?

Answer: Geneva, Switzerland

2. (20 points) Also attending were Great Britain's Prime Minister; France's Premier; the Soviet Premier; and the First Secretary of the Communist Party. For 5 points each, name the men who held these positions.

Answer: Sir Anthony Eden; Edgar FaurŽ (for-AY); N.A. Bulganin; Nikita Khrushchev
29. Three is equivalent to three modulo seven. Three squared, or nine, is equivalent to two modulo seven. Twenty-seven is equivalent to six modulo seven.

1. (20 points) For 10 points each, given 10 seconds to compute, what are the two smallest integers N such that N is greater than one, and three to the N is equivalent to three modulo seven?

Answer: seven (7) and thirteen (13)

2. (10 points) The integers between one and six inclusive form a

multiplicative group modulo seven. This group is cyclic; either of two members can generate it. For five points each, given ten seconds to compute, name those members.

Answer: three (3) and five (5)

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