1998 Wahoo War of the Minds Round # 1



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1998 Wahoo War of the Minds

Round # 1

Packet by The Erstwhile Cavaliers


Tossups
1. Baltimore's Great Blacks in Wax museum hails this man as "the greatest military leader of all time". His life ended when he took poison to avoid capture after his last patron, the Bithynian King Prusias, agreed to turn him over to the Romans. Before that, his accomplishments included the subjugation of all Spain between the Tagus and Ebro rivers, and victory at the Battle of Lake Trasimene. FTP, identify this loser at Zama and victor at Cannae, the Carthaginian hero of the Punic Wars triumphantly depicted atop an elephant at 1601 East North Ave.

Answer: Hannibal


2. "The broken wall, the burning roof and tower / And Agamemnon dead" is a line from this poem written in 1923 which was subsequently published in the collection The Cat and the Moon and Certain Poems. It deals with an event which led to the births of Helen and Clytemnestra. FTP, identify this William Butler Yeats poem on the topic of Zeus's metamorphosis into an animal and subsequent conquest of a woman.

Answer: Leda and the Swan


3. He left Cambridge without a degree, and after inheriting a fortune from his uncle he lived as a recluse in London, devoting himself to his research. Independently of James Watt, he showed that water was produced by the union of two gases, and in 1760 he discovered a property of inflammable air which led to the hot-air balloon. FTP, name this British scientist, best known for his experiments on hydrogen and for using a method developed by Michell to determine the gravitational constant.

Answer: Henry Cavendish


4. Currently the girlfriend of an English-raised Nigerian aspiring to be a filmmaker, Seyi Sonuga, this celebrity worked her way through Boston's Berklee School of Music as a wedding singer and backup vocalist in bar bands. "Bethlehem" was a single from her 1994 debut album, Harbinger. FTP, name this singer who attended her junior prom dateless and was voted queen by her girlfriends, whose This Fire album contains the hit single "Where Have All the Cowboys Gone?".

Answer: Paula Cole


5. Tragedy struck this man in 1915 when his wife and three daughters were burned to death in a fire at the Presidio, a California army quarters. He headed a commission supervising American war memorials in France following his 1924 retirement, and holds the unique rank in US history as "general of the armies". FTP, name this soldier who in 1916 led an unsuccessful expedition to Mexico in pursuit of Pancho Villa and who commanded the American Expeditionary Force during the First World War.

Answer: John Joseph Pershing


6. Noted for his translations of such classical writers as Apollodorus, Pausanias and Ovid, this man's works include Man, God and Immortality, Myths of the Origin of Fire and Creation and Evolution in Primitive Cosmogonies. Knighted in 1914, his seminal work was originally published in 1890, then expanded into a series of 12 volumes in 1915. FTP, name this Glasgow-born professor of social anthropology at Liverpool from 1907, best known for his study of ancient cults, rites and myths, The Golden Bough.

Answer: Sir James George Frazer


7. In this country, the Awash and Shebele rivers flow out of the Ahmar mountains. Other bodies of water include Lakes Abaya and Ziway, as well as the Dawa, Gilo, and Omo rivers, and the peoples found here include the Shankella, Sidamo, Amhara and Oromo. FTP, name this country, whose cities include Harer, Jima, and Dire Dawa, bordered by Kenya, Sudan, Somalia, Djibouti, and Eritrea, with its capital at Adis Abeba.

Answer: Ethiopia


8. The first translation of his works into English was made by Dr. Willis and published in 1847. His Essay on the Generation of Animals set forth the dictum "omne vivum ex ovo" -- "all life comes from the egg," the fruit of researches on embryology he conducted with female deer provided him by England's James I and Charles I, to whom he was physician. FTP, name this scientist who described the heart's relationship to the blood in his 1628 Essay on the Motion of the Heart and the Blood.

Answer: William Harvey



9. Opening with the vision of the glory of God, this Old Testament book is noted for its picture of the Resurrection in "the valley of dry bones." It also contains the prediction of the destruction of Ammon, Edom, Moab, Philistia, Egypt and Tyre, and foretells the glories to come to the united kingdom of Israel. FTP, name this book which falls between Lamentations and Daniel, which takes its name from a Hebrew prophet during the Babylonian exile, and which may now be better known as the alleged source of a quote uttered by Julius prior to killing people in Pulp Fiction.

Answer: Ezekiel
10. Odd jobs held by this philosopher included work as tutor to the lunatic Marquis of Annandale and as judge advocate on an English military expedition to France. A prodigy, he matriculated at age 12 from the University of Edinburgh, though poor health soon led him to France. His friendship with Rousseau dissolved in a quarrel, and his chief works are Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, and A Treatise on Human Nature. FTP, name this empiricist philosopher whose ideas are often regarded as an extension of those of John Locke and George Berkeley.

Answer: David Hume


11. This scientist's accomplishments include the development of the theory of radicals, the introduction of the term "catalyst" to chemistry, and the use of the present system of chemical formulation, including the use of one or two-letter abbreviations for each element. FTP, name this chemist who carried out accurate measurements of atomic weights, discovered the elements cerium, selenium and thorium, and taught from 1815 to 1832 at the Caroline Institute in Stockholm.

Answer: Jons Jakob Berzelius


12. On the Delays of Divine Justice and On the Failure of the Oracles are works of this classical writer, the son of Aristobulus, whose 227 varyingly authentic titles were collected by his son in the catalog of Lamprias. The Frenchman Jacques Amyot and England's Sir Thomas North are prominent translators of his main works, the Moralia, and a series of biographies of famous Greeks and Romans. FTP, name this author of Parallel Lives

Answer: Plutarch


13. This man died while in his mid-thirties, stricken by yellow fever while cruising in the West Indies. Born in South Kingston, Rhode Island in 1785, he was ordered to Sackett's Harbor for service under Commodore Chauncey at the outbreak of the War of 1812. FTP, name this victor at Put-in-Bay on September 10, 1813, whose dispatch, "We have met the enemy and they are ours", told of the outcome of the Battle of Lake Erie.

Answer: Oliver Hazard Perry


14. Vertical displacement of these is known as the throw, while horizontal displacement is known as the heave. In the reverse type, the hanging wall has moved up relative to the footwall. The thrust is a special type of the reverse in which the fracture is nearly horizontal. The strike-slip features vertical fractures, and a famous zone of strike-slips in western California is called the San Andreas. FTP, name these geologic formations.

Answer: faults


15. Berlioz's Benvenuto Cellini and Wagner's Lohengrin were works brought out at Weimar by this composer who in 1849 retired at the height of his popularity to direct the opera there. A student of Salieri who first gave public performances at age nine, his works include the Faust symphony and the Dante symphony. FTP, name this composer who took Franciscan orders at Rome in 1865 and is thus sometimes known as Abbe, and who is best known for his Hungarian Rhapsodies.

Answer: Franz Liszt


16. Edmund Gosse said that everything he wrote “sold as though it were bread displayed to a hungry crowd.” The author of such novels as The Last of the Barons, Zanoni, and What Will He Do With It?, his most important literary achievement may have come when he convinced Dickens to change the ending of Great Expectations. FTP, identify this versatile British author, best known for Rienzi, Eugene Aram, and an 1834 novel set in 79 A.D., The Last Days of Pompeii.

Answer: Edward Bulwer Lytton


17. This artist designed mosaics executed between 1909 and 1911 for the dining room of Belgian millionaire Adolphe Stoclet. A great womanizer, he painted a full length portrait of his sister-in-law and mistress, Emilie Floge. Nonsensical and pornographic were hostile labels critics gave to the allegorical murals he painted on the themes of Jurisprudence, Medicine and Philosophy for the University of Vienna. FTP, identify this Austrian who in 1897 was elected President of the Vienna Secession, best known for his painting The Kiss.

Answer: Gustav Klimt



18. Favorites of this historical figure included Count Soltikov, Count Stanislas Poniatkowski and Aleksei Grigorievich Orlov. This ruler was said to have found St. Petersburg a village of hovels and left it a city of brick and marble. Expansion of the Turks from Europe and foundation of a new Byzantine empire were the main foreign policy objectives, FTP, of what Russian ruler whose greatest favorite was Grigori Potemkin, whose reign from 1762 to 1796 saw Pugachev's rebellion, and who allegedly died beneath a horse?

Answer: Catherine the Great
19. Dr. Hardy, an allegedly cheapskate doctor, is frequently alluded to, as is Bridget, the household's main servant, but the only non-family member with dialogue in this play is Cathleen, the household's second servant. Elder son Jamie is an alcoholic and ne’er-do-well, while younger son Jamie suffers from consumption. Their mother Mary is a morphine addict, and father James is a semi-retired actor. FTP, identify this Eugene O'Neill play about the Tyrone family, set on a single day in August 1912.

Answer: A Long Day's Journey into Night


20. The largest feature on the surface of this celestial body is a vast, dark, circular island of ancient ice called Galileo Regio, which measures 4000 kilometers in diameter and covers one-third of the hemisphere that faces away from Jupiter. FTP, identify this Galilean satellite located between Europa and Callisto, slightly larger than the planet Mercury, the largest moon in the solar system which is named for an Olympic cupbearer.

Answer: Ganymede


21. Elijah Tilley, an old widower; Mrs. Blackett; Captain Littlepage, a former seaman who scorns modern ways, and Mrs. Almira Todd, the landlady of the anonymous narrator, are prominent characters in this collection of sketches published in 1896. FTP, identify this collection set in Dunnet Landing, a fictional coastal village of Maine, the best known work of Sarah Orne Jewett.

Answer: The Country of the Pointed Firs


22. Educated at the universities of Berlin and Heidelberg, as well as the U. S. Naval Academy, this Strelno, Germany-born physicist was on faculty at the Case School of Applied Science from 1883 to 1889 and department head at Chicago from 1892 to 1929. He determined the velocity of light and developed the interferometer, an instrument with which he proved the motion of the earth through space has no effect on the speed of light in an experiment conducted jointly with the chemist Edward Williams Morley. FTP, name this man.

Answer: Albert Michelson


23. The territory of this state includes Lord Howe Island, and rivers running through it include the Murrumbidgee, Lachlan, Murray and Darling. Its highest point is the 7,330 foot peak Mt. Kosciusko, and it is bounded by the Pacific Ocean, Victoria, Queensland and South Australia. FTP, name this state whose capital is Sydney.

Answer: New South Wales



Phil Boni


1. Identify these skyscrapers FTP each.

1. This building, completed in 1913, was the first skyscraper with a high-speed elevator, and was the tallest office building in the world when it was completed.

Answer: the Woolworth building

2. The first building to be taller than the Eiffel tower, it was the tallest building in the world in 1930.

Answer: the Chrysler building

3. A year after the Chrysler building was completed, this building, which was two hundred feet taller, surpassed it as the world’s tallest.

Answer: the Empire State building
2. Answer these questions about the Presidential election of 1884 FTP each.

1. He claimed that his failure to disavow a remark made by Samuel Burchard about “Rum, Romanism, and Rebellion” had cost him the election, though he had already been weakened by the Mulligan letters.

Answer: James G. Blaine

2. This former Union general finished third in the popular vote as a candidate of the Greenback party.

Answer: Benjamin Butler

3. This party nominated John P. St. John, who finished fourth to Cleveland, Blaine, and Butler, as its Presidential candidate.

Answer: the Prohibition party
3. Given the cause of a disease and the year that cause was discovered, name the disease FTP each.

1. In 1914, it was discovered to be a virus, though an effective vaccine wasn’t found until 1963.

Answer: measles

2. It was found to be a spirochete in 1905, two years before the first effective treatment was discovered.

Answer: syphilis

3. In 1873, a Norwegian scientist discovered that it was caused by a bacillus, though a partially successful treatment was not found until 1943.

Answer: leprosy or Hanson’s disease
4. Answer the following about a landmark two-volume 1944 study on America's racial problems that is the best known work of an eventual Nobel Prize in Economics laureate.

1. FTP, name this work.

Answer: An American Dilemma

2. For 5, name the primary author of An American Dilemma.

Answer: Gunnar Myrdal

3. For 15, Myrdal's associate Arnold Rose in 1948 condensed An American Dilemma into a work he titled what?

Answer: The Negro in America
5. FTP each, answer the following about a mythological race of Thessaly.

1. Noted for their savage brutality, rude behavior and thirst for rapine, this group of people followed Achilles to the siege of Troy.

Answer: Myrmidons

2. The Myrmidons were turned into human beings from what other sort of creature by an act of Zeus?

Answer: Ants

3. Zeus changed the Myrmidons from ants in order to populate this island, which shares its name with the nymph who was the wife of Paris.

Answer: Oenone
6. Given a summary of its content, identify the Canterbury tale FTP each.

1. This is the scatological tale in which Thomas is angered by a friar's use of pious argument ot get gold from him. Thomas offers the friar a precious gift, which turns out to be not what the friar was expecting.

Answer: Summoner's Tale

2. In this tale, the Marquis Walter marries a poor girl, Griselda, and subjects her to a series of humiliating tests of her devotion, which she patiently endures. In the end, she lives happily ever after.

Answer: Clerk's Tale

3. This tale involves the plotting of three young men to enlarge their share of a found treasure. In the end, all are undone by the others, all die, and none profit.

Answer: Pardoner's Tale

7. Identify the following miscellaneous astronomical items FTP each.

1. This first known asteroid was discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi in 1801.

Answer: Ceres

2. This was actually discovered by William Balle in 1665, but is known by the name of the Italian astronomer who observed it ten years later.

Answer: the Cassini division

3. This is the term for the reservoir of cometary nuclei located 50,000 Astronomical Units from the Sun.

Answer: Oort cloud


8. Identify the artists from works on a 10-5 basis.

1. 10: Red Disk in Pursuit of the Lark and Ski Lesson

5: Dog Barking at the Moon

Answer: Joan Miro

2. 10: The Hunt in the Forest, St. George and the Dragon

5: Battle of San Romano

Answer: Paolo Uccello

3. 10: The Boy with a Squirrel, The Death of Major Peirson

5: Watson and the Shark

Answer: John Singleton Copley


9. Identify the following people and events associated with the Peloponnesian War FTP each.

1. Name either of the city-states, one an ally of Athens, the other of Sparta, whose 435 BC dispute drew both powers into the war.

Answer: Corinth or Corcyra

2. In 421 BC, this man succeeded Cleon as the Athenian leader and brought the war's initial phase to a close with a "Peace" which bears his name.

Answer: Nicias

3. Sparta's destruction of the Athenian navy in this 405 BC battle marked the last naval engagement of the conflict.

Answer: Aegospotami
10. Name the following characters from Ernest Hemingway works FTP each.

1. This victim of a rape by Fascists has a short, passionate affair with Robert Jordan in For Whom The Bell Tolls.

Answer: Maria

2. In The Sun Also Rises, she has an affair with the Spanish bullfighter Romero.

Answer: Lady Brett or Ashley

3. In “The Killers,” this is the intended victim of the two title thugs.

Answer: Ole or Anderson
11. Identify the following geology terms from a definition for fifteen points each.

1. An inclined zone of earthquake activity that traces the upper portion of a subducting plane in a subduction zone.

Answer: Benioff zone

2. This value describes the proportion of the volume of a material that consists of open spaces.

Answer: porosity
12. Identify the following composers from works FTP each.

1. A Life for the Tsar, Ruslan and Ludmilla

Answer: Mikhail Glinka

2. Leningrad Symphony, Lady MacBeth of Mtensk

Answer: Dmitri Shostakovitch

3. Poem of Ecstasy and “The Black Mass” piano sonata

Answer: Alexander Scriabin

13. Identify the following characters from Melrose Place, all of whom are leaving the show following March 30th's season finale, from their exploits from Monday's episode.

1. She was pleased when Kyle started being nice to her, but was less enthusiastic about the news that she was pregnant.

Answer: Taylor

2. His midnight run was interrupted when Jennifer told him that she was in love with him.

Answer: Billy

3. She was disappointed when Jeff Baylor wouldn't have immediate sex with her, preferring instead to talk, so he could invite her to his family picnic.

Answer: Samantha


14. Identify these places for the stated number of points.

1. For 5 points each, the Straits of Hormuz separate these two Middle Eastern gulfs.

Answer: Persian and Oman

2. FTP, identify the only national capital situated on the north bank of Lake Victoria.

Answer: Kampala

3. FTP, give the name of the gulf which makes the main indentation on Ecuador's coast and shares its name with the nation's largest city.

Answer: Guayaquil
15. Identify the following New Deal acts and creations from clues FTP each.

1. This May 12, 1938 act's main purpose was to provide farm subsidies.

Answer: Agricultural Adjustment Act

2. A June 6, 1934 act created this body, which oversaw the enforcement of laws relating to the trading of stocks.

Answer: Securities and Exchange Commission

3. This June 25, 1938 act guaranteed a 40-hour work week and a minimum wage.

Answer: Fair Labor Standards Act
16. Identify the poet from a line of poetry FTP or from the poem from which it is taken for 5.

1. 10pt clue: "Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair"

5pt clue: Ozymandias

Answer: Percy Bysshe Shelley

2. 10pt clue: “Sunset and evening star, / and one clear call for me!”

5pt clue: “Crossing the Bar”

Answer: Alfred Lord Tennyson

3. 10pt clue: “How changed is here each spot man makes or fills!”

5pt clue: “Thyrsis”

Answer: Matthew Arnold


17. Answer the following questions on Nobel chemistry prizes FTP each.

1. Name the 1904 winner awarded for the discovery and determination of inert gaseous elements in the air.

Answer: William Ramsay

2. Seaborg and McMillan shared the 1951 prize for the discovery of what element?

Answer: Plutonium

3. This man received the 1960 prize for his development of the Carbon-14 dating process.

Answer: Willard Libby

18. Answer the following questions on The Great Gatsby for the stated number of points.

1. For five points each, what character says of what other character, "Her voice is like money"?

Answer: Jay Gatsby about Daisy Buchanan

2. FTP, What shady business associate of Gatsby's allegedly fixed the 1919 World Series?

Answer: Meyer Wolfsheim

3. A huge eyeball in the ashheaps overlooks all the novel's action. FTP, this eyeball is an advertisment for what optician?

Answer: T. J. Eckleburg


19. Identify the following from the process of Italian unification for fifteen points each.

1. In 1849, this man ascended to the throne of Sardinia, which was to become the nucleus of the Italian state.

Answer: Victor Emmanuel II

2. In 1860, this was the label given to Garibaldi's campaign to conquer the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. The name came from the number of participants.

Answer: Expedition of the Thousand
20. Given clues, identify the taxonomic classification FTP each.

1. This class swims by forcing a jet of water through a narrow funnel near the mouth; examples include the octopus and squid.

Answer: Cephalopoda

2. A segmented exoskeleton shed at intervals is a characteristic of members of what largest and most diverse phylum of the animal kingdom.

Answer: Arthropoda

3. This order possesses fishlike bodies virtually devoid of hair, and layers of blubber for warmth; examples include whales, porpoises and dolphins.

Answer: Cetacea
21. Answer the following questions about the American Civil War FTP each.

1. This was the term applied to the overall Union strategy, which included a blockade on the high seas, and severing the eastern and western Confederacy by controlling the whole of the Mississippi River.

Answer: Anaconda Plan

2. On April 28, 1862, a primary aim of the Anaconda Plan was achieved when the city of New Orleans fell to this Union admiral.

Answer: David Farragut

3. This Confederate general used delaying tactics as best he could in opposition to William Tecumseh Sherman during the 1864 March to the Sea.



Answer: Joseph Johnston


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