1995 acf regionals Questions by Emory University

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1995 ACF Regionals

Questions by Emory University
1. Born in 1776, this German author's Maerchen style represents a new departure in romantic writing, for he weaves the fantastic world close to the real world. For 10 points identify this author of Fantasy-pieces and Night-pieces whose "Tales" formed the basis for a musical work by Jacques Offenbach.

Answer: E.T.A. Hoffman

2. The son of Drusus, he married four times, once to Messalina, whom he had put to death on account of her lust and debauchery. His last wife, Agrippina, had him poisoned by mushrooms and for good measure by his physician. For 10 points, identify this successor of Caligula as Roman emperor.

Answer: Claudius

3. Ground, diving, carrion, click, stag, whirligig, and tiger. FTP, these are all what kind of insects of the order Coleoptera?

Answer: Beetles (accept Coleoptera on an early buzz)

4. A British agnostic, he adhered to many systems of philosophy before becoming the chief expounder of scientism, the view that all knowledge is solely attainable by the scientific method. In 1927, he and his wife founded the highly experimental Beacon Hill School. FTP, identify this philosopher, author of Principles of Mathematics and co author of Principia Mathematica.

Answer: Bertrand Russell

5. Hitler and his Nazis joined with General Erich Ludendorff and his conservative nationalists in an attempt to seize power in Munich. Hitler planned to use the Bavarian capital as a base against the republican government in Berlin; however, their support failed to materialize. FTP, name this action in which the Nazis first won national attention and for which Hitler was sentenced to five years in prison.

Answer: Beer Hall Putsch

6. In its recent sojourn below the sun's south pole, this spacecraft revealed an interesting phenomenon. Contrary to expectations, it saw no signs of a magnetic south pole. Instead, it found that the magnetic field high above the solar surface has about the same intensity at the poles of the equator. FTP, identify this probe, named after the Latin version of the much travelled king of Ithaca.

Answer: Ulysses (Do not accept Odysseus)

7. It was founded in 1808 by Louis Napoleon Bonaparte as the Great Royal Museum. The present building, designed by P.J.H. Guypers, was opened in 1885 to house its fast growing collection which now includes works by Ruisdael, Frans Hals, Vermeer, and Rembrandt. FTP, identify this Dutch national museum in Amsterdam.

Answer: Rijksmuseum or Rijks or Ryks Museum

8. Known primarily for his work on comparative psychology, he developed the Army Alpha intelligence test that during World War I was given to over 1 million recruits. Today he is better know for founding of the Yale Laboratories of Primate Biology. For 10 points, identify this man after whom those laboratories were renamed that are now housed at Emory University.

Answer: Robert Mearns Yerkes

9. Trained as a physician, this man turned to writing after contracting tuberculosis. Some of his novels concern Southern Christian gentlemen feeling the impact of changing times. FTP, identify this author of Lancelot, The Last Gentleman, and The Movie Goer.

Answer: Walker Percy

10. In the 1600's, this American Indian tribe inhabited what is now Quebec and were essentially small bands of foragers that spoke a similiar language. These bands were later to ally themselves with the French in an effort to block the Five Iroquois Nations' attempts to dominate the fur trade. FTP, identify this Indian tribe.

Answer: Algonquin

11. It emphasizes beautiful tone, a legato line, good phrasing, and clean articulation of words. Its primary exponents were Bellini, Donizetti, and Rossini. FTP, identify this style of singing which is Italian for "beautiful singing."

Answer: bel canto

12. The prankster Tony Lumpkin directs Marlow and his friend Hastings to what they think is an inn but is really the house of Marlow's fiancee. Marlow treats his fiancee's father as a landlord and treats his fiancee, Kate Hardcastle, as a maid. Kate takes advantage of the misunderstanding to break down Marlow's reserve. FTP, this happens in what 1773 comedy by Oliver Goldsmith?

Answer: She Stoops to Conquer

13. These mathematical devices can be added, subtracted, multiplied by a constant, dot multiplied with one another for a scalar result, or cross multiplied with one another yielding yet a third. FTP, identify these quantities with both magnitude and direction.

Answer: vectors

14. It begins with The Testimony of Three Witnesses and is signed by Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer, and Martin Harris. It is followed by The Testimony of Eight Witnesses and the testimony of the Prophet translator of the book. FTP, name this work written upon plates taken from the plates of Nephi by Joseph Smith.

Answer: The Book of Mormon

15. Bordered to the North by the South China Sea and to the South by the Sarawak province of Malaysia, this country is divided into two enclaves by the disputed Limbang River watershed. FTP, identify this nation with its capital at Babdar Seri Begawan.

Answer: Brunei

16. An early regional writer, his first published works were Legends of New England and Moll Pitcher. Later he served in the Massachusetts legislature where he supported the Abolitionist cause. FTP, identify this Quaker author of Songs of Labor, "Marguerite," and "Barbara Frietchie."

Answer: John Greenleaf Whittier

17. Like Robert E. Lee, this man was strongly opposed to secession, but felt obliged to conform to the action of his state. Starting as a colonel in the Civil War, he was eventually responsible for all Confederate forces in the important Shenandoah Valley. FTP, identify this cavalry general that led 8,000 troops to within sight of Washington, D.C. in 1864.

Answer: Jubal Early

18. It begins with the formation of acetyl co-A and intermediates along the route include alpha ketoglutarate, isocitrate, NAD+ and NADH. For 10 points, what is this biological cycle also known as the tri-carboxylic acid cycle?

Answer: Krebs cycle or citric acid cycle (accept tri-carboxylic acid cycle on early buzz)

19. This musician is taking a sabbatical from his usual gig in order to tour and spend more time with his family. He does plan to return even though his role has been reduced to witless chatter with the host and background music for commercial fadeouts. For 10 points, identify this musician whose albums include Crazy People Music, The Beautyful Ones are Not Yet Born, and Buckshot LeFonque, the musical director of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno.

Answer: Branford Marsalis

20. Probably the first French ruler since the 13th century Louis IX to actually care about the French people, he and his great minister Maximilian de Bethune, duke of Sully, laid the foundations of later French absolutism. FTP, name this ingenious politique who converted from Calvinism to Catholicism with the statement, "Paris is well worth a mass," and in 1598 ended the French religious wars with the Edict of Nantes.

Answer: Henry IV or Henry of Navarre

21. He perfected the "weight shifting" technique in his sculptures. Some of his sculptures are St. Mark, St. George, St. Theodore, and the equestrian statue, Gattamelata. FTP, name this renaissance artist better known for his bronze casting of David.

Answer: Donatello

22. This method of mathematical proof proves a proposition for a succession of cases by showing (a) that it is true for the first case, and (b) that if true for any case, it must be true for the next case. FTP, give this term that also describes the re

asoning in logic that reasons from the particular to the general.

Answer: Induction
23. The son of Frederick the Winter King and the grandson of James I of England, he served the Dutch in the Thirty Years War and was an outstanding royalist general during the English Civil War. After the English Restoration, he was a privy councillor to Charles II. FTP, identify this count Palatine of the Rhine, one of the founders of the Hudson's Bay Company and its first governor.

Answer: Prince Rupert

24. Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII and Peter III of Aragon were involved in the plot. It resulted in a 20 year war between Aragon and Naples. This 1282 rebellion against Charles I of Naples broke out at the start of evening prayers on Easter Monday. FTP, identify this historical incident which is the subject of an opera.

Answer: the Sicilian Vespers

1995 ACF Regionals

Questions by Emory University
1. Answer the following questions about Midas for the stated number of points.

1. For 10 points, of what land was Midas king?

Answer: Phrygia

2. You are probably familiar with Midas's foolish wish that everything he touched would turn into gold. For 10 points, what god granted him this wish?

Answer: Bacchus or Dionysus

3. Midas served as umpire in a musical contest between Apollo and this deity and was given Ass's ears by Apollo when he judged against him. For 10 points, identify Apollo's opponent.

Answer: Pan
2. For 10 points each, identify these Chinese dynasties from clues.

A. Lasting from 1122 BC to 249 BC, this dynasty produced such philosophers as Confucius and Lao tse.

Answer: Chou or Zhou

B. In this dynasty, lasting from 206 BC to 220 AD, paper and porcelain were invented and Confucianism became the basis of the Chinese State.

Answer: Han

C. During this dynasty, lasting from 618 to 907, China was not only the largest and most powerful state in the world but the most civilized. Women were allowed to compete in the civil service examination.

Answer: Tang
3. For 10 points each, given a definition, identify the geological term.

A. Sands and gravel carried by rivers and deposited along the course of the river.

Answer: Alluvium or alluvial deposits

B. Deposits of wind blown fine particles.

Answer: Loess

C. An evaporite calcium sulphate mineral found in clays and limestone.

Answer: Gypsum
4. Identify the author from works, 30 20 10

1. People of the Abyss and Tales of the Fish Patrolz

2. The Iron Heel, Son of the Wolf

3. White Fang

Answer: Jack London

5. For 10 points each, identify the following figures from sociology or anthropology.

1. This German born American is generally considered the Father of Anthropology in the United States.

Answer: Franz Boaz

2. This Austrian born American sociologist criticized compulsory education in his book, Deschooling Society, and the established system of health care in Medical Nemesis.

Answer: Ivan Illich

3. Eugene Dubois, a Dutch anatomist and geologist discovered this example of homo erectus in the early 1890s.

Answer: Java Man

6. The reclining female nude is a recurrent figure throughout Western art. For 10 points, identify the artists who painted the following such nudes.

1. Sleeping Venus or the Dresden Venus Answer: Giorgione

2. The Nude Maja Answer: Francisco de Goya

3. Olympia, 1863 Answer: Edouard Manet

7. For 10 points each, identify the following terms from physics past and present.

1. Before later discoveries proved this theory wrong, heat was thought of as a fluid present in all bodies. What was the name of this fluid?

Answer: Caloric

2. In Newton's day, it was believed that gravity could not act through a complete vacuum, and must be carried by a natural and scientific agent. What was this agent called?

Answer: The Ether

3. Bohr's theory concerning the idea of atomic orbitals and their emissions of electromagnetic spectrum unfortunately applies to only one element. Which one?

Answer: Hydrogen
8. For 10 points each, identify the opera given characters.

1. Sarastro, Pamina, Monostatos Answer: The Magic Flute or Die Zauberflote

2. Violetta Valery, Alfredo Germont Answer: La Traviata

3. The Marschallin, Count Octavian, Baron Ochs Answer: Der Rosenkavalier, The Knight of the Rose, or Cavalier of the Rose

9. For 10 points each, give the only winner of the Nobel Prize in literature from the following countries.

1. Iceland Answer: Haldor Laxness

2. Guatemala Answer: Miguel Asturias

3. India Answer: Rabinidranath Tagore

10. Identify the English kings for 10 points each.

1. Though married to Isabella of France, this king had a controversial relationship with Piers Gaveston.

Answer: Edward II

2. He challenged the power of Louis VII of France and, when he became King of England in 1154, was the feudal master of a greater part of the territory in France.

Answer: Henry II

3. The son of the Black Prince and the Fair Maid of Kent, this king successfully put down the Peasants' Revolt of 1381.

Answer: Richard II
11. For 10 points each, identify the U.S. Civil War generals.

A. This infamous graduate of West Point manage to burn his way to the sea.

Answer: William T. Sherman

B. A graduate of West Point, this Union general led the Army of the Potomac to defeat at Fredericksburg.

Answer: Ambrose Burnside

3. A former artillery officer in the army, this general led the Western Confederate army, but was never able to lead his army to victory. His most famous action was at Chickamauga.

Answer: Braxton Bragg
12. For 10 points each, given a description of a Canterbury tale, identify it.

A. Pertelote, Chauntecleer's favorite wife, ridicules his dreams of impending danger from a fox.

Answer: the Nun's Priest's Tale

B. To get rid of her lover Aurelius, Dorigen promises to be his only if he will remove all the rocks from the coast of Brittany.

Answer: the Franklin's Tale

C. Three rioters want to kill Death, but because of their greed, all three die in the end.

Answer: the Pardoner's Tale
13. For 10 points each, identify these upcoming 1995 film releases.

A. Martin Scorsese directs Sharon Stone, Robert DeNiro, and Joe Pesci in this saga of Vegas hoods.

Answer: Casino

B. Phil Joanou directs Alec Baldwin, Kelly Lynch, and Teri Hatcher in the film adaptation of crime novelist James Lee Burke s second book featuring sleuth Dave Robicheaux.

Answer: Heaven's Prisoners

C. Original director John McTiernan returns to direct Bruce Willis in this the third Die Hard installment, co starring Samuel L. Jackson, and set in New York City.

Answer: Die Hard With a Vengeance (Not Die Hard 3)
14. Answer the following questions about the Geography of Zimbabwe for 10 points each.

1. What river separates Zimbabwe from Zambia?

Answer: Zambezi

2. What river flows along the border of Zimbabwe with South Africa?

Answer: Limpopo

3. What nation borders Zimbabwe to the west, nestled between South Africa and Namibia?

Answer: Botswana
15. Identify the important Enlightenment figures for 10 points each.

A. Unlike Montesquieu, he pessimistically concluded that the best one could hope for in the way of government was a good monarch since human beings are rarely worthy to govern themselves.

Answer: Voltaire or Francois Marie Arouet

B. He insisted that all ideas are derived from experience; that the human mind is a blank tablet (tabula rasa) on which environment writes individual s beliefs and morals.

Answer: John Locke

C. In his System of Nature this wealthy German born but French educated thinker argued that humans were machines completely determined by outside forces.

Answer: Baron Paul d'Holbach
16. Identify this element 30 20 10

1. Two of its most important uses are mixed in gasoline in an ethylene form, and in photography while bonded to silver.

2. It is a dark red dense liquid at room temperature.

3. It is the Halogen in the fourth row of the periodic table of elements with atomic number 35.

Answer: Bromine
17. Identify these periods of the Thirty Years War for 10 points each each.

A. This period began when King Christian IV of Denmark intervened to support the Protestants against Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II.

Answer: Danish Period

B. The first period of the war began with a Calvinist revolt and the incident known as The Defenestration of Prague.

Answer: Bohemian Period

C. The deaths of Gustavus Aldophus and Albrecht von Wallenstein, together with the exhaustion of the Holy Roman Emperor and the German Protestant princes, brought this period of the war to an end.

Answer: Swedish Period
18. For 10 points each, give the American authors of the following works.

1. The People, Yes Answer: Carl Sandburg

2. The Last Puritan Answer: George Santayana

3. Butterfield 8 Answer: John O'Hara

19. Answer the following questions about the phases of mitosis for a total of thirty points.

1. For 5 points each, identify in correct order from first to last the four active phases involved in mitosis. You will have 15 seconds.

Answer: Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase

2. Growth and DNA replication occur during a phase that is not one of the four active phases. For 5 points each, identify the phase and the specific part of that phase in which growth and DNA replication occur.

Answer: interphase; S
20. Given a definition of a term from art, identify the term for 10 points each.

A. The technique used to represent three dimensional spatial relationship on a two dimensional surface.

Answer: Perspective

B. This word means anything that is defined only by its outline.

Answer: Silhouette

C. From the Italian word meaning "clear and obscure," this term refers to the technique of painting three dimensional figure and space through the distribution of light and shadows.

Answer: Chiaroscuro
21. Tennessee is surrounded by eight states. Can you, for five points, give me another state bordered by eight states.

Answer: Missouri

For five points each, name five out of eight states that surround Missouri.

Answer: Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Illinois

22. The field of anthropology is divided into three divisions. FTP each, identify them from brief descriptions.

1. This field deals with the changing body structure and biological adaptations of early men.

Answer: Physical Anthropology

2. This specific field of anthropology is concerned with man's developing technology and his first step toward civilization.

Answer: Prehistoric Archaeology

3. This field studies the habitual behavior patterns of people before the impact of modern western civilization.

Answer: Cultural Anthropology

1995 ACF Regionals

Questions by Cornell University
1. This Spaniard was the first European to describe the Gulf Stream. He traveled to the New World with Columbus in 1493, and returned nine years later as deputy to the governor of Hispaniola. and later explored Puerto Rico and founded its oldest settlement, Caparra. For 10 points, identify this Spanish explorer, perhaps best remembered for his pursuit of the Fountain of Youth.

Answer: Juan Ponce de Leon

2. Wordsworth called him "the marvellous Boy, The Sleepless Soul that perished in his pride", and Keats described him as "the purest writer in the English language" and of his works only "Elinoure and Juga" was published in his lifetime. He committed suicide in late 1770, and a famous painting by Henry Wallis depicts his death. For 10 points, identify this English author of the Rowley poems, to whom Keats dedicated "Endymion".

Answer: Thomas Chatterton

3. He made what has been called one of the most arrogant speeches ever given. At the 1900 International Mathematical Congress, this man gave an address in which he listed 23 problems he considered important for 20th century mathematicians to solve -- several of which remain unsolved. For 10 points, name this German mathematician best known for his attempt to formalize mathematical logic and for his work in infinite dimensional vector spaces, which bear his name.

Answer: David Hilbert

4. An experience can be divided into two parts, objects of consciousness and acts of consciousness, and only those possess true reality. Such are the basic tenets of this method, successfully applied to many of the social sciences. For 10 points, identify this philosophical method, extended by Merleau-Panty and Heidegger, first developed by Edmund Husserl.

Answer: Phenomenology or Phenomenological method

5. It was hypothesised to have a 65 year cycle for eruptions, but since the last eruption occured in 1921, the latest eruption is long overdue. For 10 points, identify this peak located at the southern end of the Cascades, the last before Mount St. Helens to erupt in the contiguous United States.

Answer: Lassen Peak

6. It attacked the 1643 order that no book should be printed unless approved and licensed by the authorities, by arguing that licensing had previously been practiced by the Papacy and Inquisition, that reading and diversity of opinion were necessary for the growth and virtue of knowledge, and that it is ineffective at keeping out wrong doctrines. For 10 points, identify this pamphlet, named after Athen's Mars Hill, written by John Milton.

Answer: Areopagatica

7. Most of the significant members of this art movement studied under Gustave Moreau a the Ecole des Beaux arts including Raoul Dufy, Andre Derain, and Maurice de Vlaminck. For 10 points, identify this school whose works were characteized by brilliant color, expressive brushwork, and flat composition as exemplified in the works of Henry Matisse.

Answer: Les Fauves or Fauvism or the Fauves

8. An eyewitness account of his conquest of Valencia by an Arab historian is among the few reliable documents concerning this man. He was commmander of the royal troops of Sancho I by age 22, but upon his exile in 1081 by Alfonso VI, he offered his services to the Muslims. For 10 points, identify this legendary Castilian, born Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar.

Answer: El Cid

9. A professor of chemistry at the Univeristy of Copenhagen, his chief field was thermodynamics, but he is best remembered for hs work in electrolyte solutions. For 10 points, identify this physical chemist, best known for his classification of acids and bases as proton donors and acceptors, a theory introduced simultaneously with the English chemist Thomas Lowry.

Answer: Johannes Bronsted

10. One of his most enduring laws states that satisfying or unsatisfying tend, repesctively, to increase or decrease the chance of repeated response and learning. His research with Woodworth in transfer of learning revealed that learning one task does not notably help the learning of other, similar tasks, and he used this to advocate school curricula focusing on practical subjects. For 10 points, name this American psychologist, best remembered by school children for his series of school dictionaries.

Answer: Edward Thorndike

11. His Congress Party was defeated in December assembly elections in Karnataka and Andhra Pradish, but he is still confident that his centrist economic liberalization will continue and possibly accelerate. For 10 points, identify this prime minister of India.

Answer: Narasimha Rao

12. The Ranevskys are about to lose their estate due to poor management and neglect, but the suggestion of Lopakhin that they clear it and build houses is repulsed. In the end, though, the land is forcibly sold, and Lopakhin purchases it. As the Ranevskys depart, the sound of an axe chopping down a tree is heard offstage. This, for 10 points, is a thumbnail sketch of the plot of what Chekov play?

Answer: The Cherry Orchard

13. It was used by the British government as an excuse for transferring control ofthe government of India from the East India Company to the crown. It was caused by the greased cartridges supplied for the new Enfield rifles -- the manufacturer had unwisely supplied a grease combining beef and pork tallow, making them unsuitable for use by the local troops of the Bengal Army, devout Hindus and Muslims. For 10 points, what was this May 10th, 1857 rebellion in British india.

Answer: Sepoy Rebellion or mutiny

14. A cannonball, fired due north from the equator, lands slightly east of its intended target. This occurrs because the cannon shooter did not account for the rotation of the Earth, which is following an elliptical path. For 10 points, name this effect, observed in any rotating object in a rotating frame, named for the French mathematician who discovered it in 1835.

Answer: Coriolis effect

15. For the most part, she had little contact with mankind, but occasionally entertained visitors, such as Jason and Odysseus. The former she purified, along with Medea for the murder of Abysutus; the latter she bedded after she

discovered her magic had no effect on him. FTP, who was this witch of Greek mythology whose spells at transforming men into animals were nullified by the herb moly?

Answer: Circe

16. Her life is the basis of the only surviving play based on a saint from late medieval Enlglish drama, a play covering both her life before the Resurrection and her subsequent legendary residence in Provence, as according to French tradition. Medieval legend says she was John's wife, and Eastern legend holds she accompanied him to Ephesus and died there. For 10 points, identify this saint, the first person to see Christ after His resurrection.

Answer: Mary Magdalene or Mary of Magdala
17. Mathematically, it can be stated as "p squared plus two p q plus q squared equals one", and it fundamentally states that once two gene pools are mixed, they cannot be separated into their original components -- furthermore, the proportion of dominant to recessive genes should remain constant unless acted on by outside forces. For 10 points, name this law, discovered independently by a British mathematician and a German physician.

Answer: Hardy-Weinberg law

18. Originally a tenor saxophonist, he was one of the first jazz artists to be influenced by the music of Africa and India. That influence in part led him to the soprano saxophone, which he was repsonsible for popularizing among jazz musicians, For 10 points, identify this musician and composwer who achieved popular succes with the song "My Favorite Things" whose other works include "Giant Steps", "Impressions", and "Equinox"

Answer: John Coltrane

19. His 1959 book "The Years With Ross", was a memoir of Harold Ross, editor of the New Yorker for nearly 25 years, and his last book of essays, "Lanterns and Lances", was published in 1961. For 10 points, identify this American humorist and author of The 13 Clocks, Fables for Our Time, and The Secret Life of Walter Mitty.

Answer: James Thurber

20. He was nominated for the vice presidency in 1824, but withdrew from the ticket, fearing his birth in Geneva would weaken it, and thereafter served as minister to Great Britain before leaving politics. For 10 points, identify this negotiator at Gehent, minister to France and Secretary of the Treasury from 1801 to 1814.

Answer: Albert Gallatin

21. He was the first major Russian writer to find success in Western Europe, partially due to living most of his life abroad, and partially due to being closer in literary style to his Western counterparts. He introduced a term referring originally to a Russian movement repudiating social institutions, and gave the movement it's first literary hero, Bazarov. For 10 points, identify this author of "A Month in the Country", "Torrents of Spring", "A Hunter's Notes", and "Fathers and Sons".

Answer: Ivan Turgenev

22. He received a degree in medicine from Uppsala, and in 1741 became chair of medicine there. He wrote a treatise on the diseases known in his day, and also devised a system for mineral classification. In 1743, he exchanged his chair in medicine for one in his true calling, botany. For 10 points, identify this Swede, best known for establishing the principles for classification of plants and animals.

Answer: Carolus Linnaeus

23. Approximately 750 miles long and averaging 95 miles wide, it is divided into two sections separated by a narrowing near the islands of Tiburon and Angel de la Guarda. The Fuerte, Mayo, Sinalea, Sonora, and Yaqui flow into it from the East, while the Colorado flows in through a northern delta. For 10 points, identify this body of water, located between mainland Mexico and the Baja peninsula.

Answer: Gulf of California

24. Name's the same: The Sentimental Traveler of Sterne's "A Sentimental Journey", the eccentric clergyman, an innocent of the world, found in Sterne's "Tristam Shandy", and the Shakesperian character of whom the clergyman claims to be a descendant. For 10 points, identify this name, a Shakesperian character with no lines, usually played by a prop, whom Hamlet knew well.

Answer: Yorick

25. He was the first Democrat since Franklin Pierce to enter the White House after wining a majority of the popular vote, and while President, he encouraged the formation in New York City of the American Labor Party, ulitimately responsible for destroying the Tammany machine which fought his nomination. For 10 points, identify this President, who unsuccessfully ran for the Vice-Presidency in 1920.

Answer: Franklin Delano Roosevelt

26. The music for this dance is in 3 : 4 time, with an accent on the second beat, and over fifty different steps for it exist. Originating in the 16th century, it spread to Russian and German ballrooms and by the 1830's had reached England and France. For 10 points, identify this dance, for which Chopin prolifically composed piano music, originally a folk dance of central Poland.

Answer: Mazurka

27. It's a technique for studying evolutionary relationships by annealing DNA segments from different organisms to test for complementarity. It's also a theory in chemistry in which chemical bonds between atoms of certain molecules are thought of as having mixed atomic orbitals from one of he bonded atoms. In genetics, it refers to creating offspring by crossbreeding. For 10 points, what's the common term?

Answer: Hybridization

28. It was the only New Testament church to be the addressee of both a Pauline epistle and the book of Revelation. The main theme of the book is the subject of Christian unity, exemplified by its claim that "there is one body and one Spirit... one Lord, one faith, one baptism." For 10 points, identify this Biblical book, in which Paul outlines the components of the "full armor of God."

Answer: Ephesians or Ephesus

29. On August 6, 1904, Japanese troops began their siege of this Russian-occupied town, first seized by the Russians in 1897 from the Chinese. The war between the two sides was started in the city's harbor. In December, the Russians surprisingly surrendered the city, in spite of an abundance of supplies. For 10 points, name this city on the Liaotung Peninsula, whose siege was one of the key battles of the Russo-Japanese War.

Answer: Port Arthur

30. Its terms ignored the issues of the Belgian provinces, Switzerland, Savoy, and trade between Britain and the continent. Britain received Trinidad and Ceylon, but was forced to restore Egypt to the Ottoman Empire and Malta to the Knights of St. John, while France recognized the republic of the Seven Ionian Islands and evacuated Naples and the Papal States. For 10 points, identify this 1802 treaty which provided 14 months of peace during the Napoleonic Wars.

Answer: Treaty of Amiens

31. He discovered the silver nitrate method for staining nerve tissue, and with it demonstrated the existence of a type of nerve cell possessing many dendrites connecting several other nerve cells. He also discovered the point at which nerve fibers end in branchings inside a tendon, and the presence in nerve cells of an irregular network of fibrils, vesicles, and granules. All three structures now bear his name. For 10 points, identify this Italian physician and 1906 Nobel laureate.

Answer: Camillo Golgi

32. He originally studied to become an agronomist and draftsman, but abandoned both after losing a hand in 1900 to pursue art full time. The reaction to his first series of watercolors, "House of Tears", forced him to leave the country for several years, but upon his return in 1920 he became a leader in the muralist movement with works such as "The Trench" and "Cortes and Malinche". He left again in 1927, painting a series of frescoes at Dartmouth College and travelling to Europe before his return. For 10 points, identify this Mexican artist, whose later works include "Catharsis", "Man of Fire", and "National Allegory".

Answer: Jose Clemente Orozco

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