Using Soviet weapons and training, North Korea launched an invasion into South Korea on 25 June 1950. President Truman committed American troops to defend South Korea. The capital of South Korea, Seoul, was quickly overrun. American and South Korean forces retreated to an area around Pusan. This became known as the Pusan Perimeter.
General Douglas MacArthur was placed in command of U.S. troops. MacArthur proposed a daring attack at Inchon.
Inchon Landing 9/15/1950
The Korean War turned into a stalemate centered around the original border of the two nations. Estimates vary on how many died in the war. Approximately 3,000,000 died in the Korean War. In July 1953, all involved nations agreed to a cease fire. The combat stopped, but no peace treaty has been negotiated. The Korean War never officially ended. North Korea regularly sends commando units into South Korea on missions to kill U.S. and South Korean troops. Seventeen North Korean invasion tunnels have been found. These tunnels were dug by North Korea as a way to launch another invasion. Only the best U.S. troops are deployed to Korea. It remains one of the most dangerous areas in the world.
Results of the Korean War (1950-53)
The war in Vietnam was very long. Fighting began in 1946 and ended in 1975. The United States did not fight during this entire time period, but it is the longest war in U.S. history. The Korean War covered a much shorter time span. Yet, the number of American casualties is very similar. Korea was a bloody conflict. Approximately, 54,000 Americans died in the war.
New surgical techniques were developed. M*A*S*H* units specialized in meatball surgery. Changes in technology allowed for daring innovations. Many of the surgical techniques used today were introduced in the M*A*S*H* units. These specialized hospitals followed the troops in the front lines. Surgeons were less than two miles from the front lines. Wounded troops could be evacuated on the ground or with helicopter transport. A soldier arriving at a M*A*S*H unit still alive had a 97% chance of surviving. The last M*A*S*H* unit was used in the Persian Gulf War against Iraq. (2006)
Mobile Army Surgical Hospital
The United States did not lose the Korean War. But, the U.S. did not win a clear decisive victory. The war officially did not end. A cease fire has been maintained since July 1953. Tensions remain high on the peninsula. A hot war could flare up at almost anytime. The communist dictatorship in North Korea remains a dangerous and powerful rogue nation. Kim il Sung died in 1994. His grandson, Kim Jong Un now controls North Korea.
January 1968: North Korean ships attack USS Pueblo
October 1968: 130 North Korean commandos land on the northeast shore of South Korea, allegedly to wage a guerrilla war against the South Korean government. A total of 110 to 113 were killed, seven were captured, and 13 escaped. Around 20 South Korean civilians, law enforcement officers, and soldiers were killed
August 1976: US soldiers killed on the DMZ by North Korea
December 1979: One US Army Soldier killed, 3 US Soldiers wounded after stumbling into a North Korean minefield in a heavy fog while patrolling DMZ. One body is recovered from the North Koreans 5 days later.
March 2010: North Korea submarine sinks South Korean warship
November 2010: North Korea shells South Korea