1920’s Identify and Give the Significance Science pages 57-58

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1920’s Identify and Give the Significance
Science pages 57-58
Discovery of Insulin (Fredrick Banting)


  • Previously only treatment was starvation diet and exercise

  • Diabetes results in blindness, amputation, death

  • Banting/Best experiment

  • 1922- first human trials

  • Sold patent rights to U of T for $1 so all could benefit


  • Patients lived longer healthier lives

  • Revolutionary discovery in medical science

  • Won Nobel prize (add – world recognition for Canada)

  • U of T – world class research facility



  • Stations in major cities across Canada

  • Eventually runs on AC current (plugs into the wall socket)

  • 1929 -- 1/3 of Canadian households have a radio

  • Government creates CRBC- forerunner to CBC


  • Made the world seem smaller

  • Inexpensive form of entertainment

  • Brought families together

  • Used by CNR to communicate between trains

  • Status symbol

Economy pages 59-62



  • (Add) mechanization of auto manufacturing (assembly line) makes car production faster and cheaper.


Revolutionized society

  • Changed lifestyle – families visit, farmers can sell produce in town,

  • travel for leisure

  • Impacted physical development patterns of cities (urban sprawl)

Automobile economic impact

  • Id – see above


  • Increase in manufacturing jobs

  • Creation of new industries – support, service, creation

  • Expanded police force (accidents)

  • Increase in the economy

  • Canada second largest auto manufacturer

Branch Plants



  • Avoided paying tariffs

  • Increased American ownership of Canadian business/industry

  • Economy tied to the United States

  • (Add) if U.S. economy gets sick, Canada’s economy will suffer

Society pages 65-69



  • Banning the sale of alcohol

  • Became synonymous with Canadian patriotism


  • Part of broader social reform movement

  • Canada benefitted from illegal trade with U.S. (Bootlegging)

  • Adds:

  • industrial efficiency increased

  • Creation of organized crime in the U.S.

  • New underground culture created – Jazz, speakeasies etc.

Roles for Women


  • Women are not considered equal to men

  • Limited professions are available to them – nursing, teaching, journalism

  • Focus is professions that were “good training for motherhood”

  • Paid less


  • Women are discriminated against – forced to quit work once they marry

  • Immigrant women heavily discriminated against

  • Japanese and Chinese are banned from universities and hospitals

Person’s Case


  • A lawyer challenges Emily Murphy’s right to judge a case because

she is a woman

  • Under the law women were not considered persons

  • Famous Five challenge the BNA Act’s definition of women

  • 1928 Supreme Court of Canada rules against the Famous Five

  • Privy Council overturns ruling


  • Victory for all women in Canada

  • Adds:

  • women became persons in terms of rights and privileges

  • Women on equal legal footing with men

  • Established the principle of constitutional evolution – laws should be interpreted according to contemporary understandings and conditions

  • Eligible for appointment in the Senate - gave women a voice in the highest ranks of government – those who made law

  • Improves the quality of lives of many women

Chinese Exclusion Act


  • Law passed in 1923 preventing any immigrants from China from immigrating to Canada


  • Ultimate humiliation for Chinese community

  • Chinese refuse to celebrate “Dominion Day” (Canada Day)

  • (Add) highly racist policy

  • (Add) clearly anti-multi-cultural

KKK in Canada


  • A racist group from the United States that comes to Canada

  • They are gone by 1930

  • Jews targeted in Quebec

  • French Canadians targeted in Saskatchewan

  • Asians targeted in B.C.


Reveals the prejudices of Canadians

Most powerful influence is out west – indications of things to come

Many Canadians outraged – urged to reject racism and prejudice
Residential Schools


  • Schools set up to separate Aboriginal children from their families to make assimilation easier

  • 7-15 yr.olds removed from homes and forced to live at school

  • Given new Anglo names and Anglo clothing


  • Severely punished for practicing traditional culture/language

  • Few received a good education (ADD not adequately prepared to function in Western society)

  • Suffered physical, psychological, sexual abuse

  • (Add) many Aboriginal traditions lost/forgotten

  • (Add) cultural/emotional break between parents and children

  • (Add) considered a key factor in the social distress faced currently by First Nations Communities in Canada

Indian Act


  • (Add) a government policy for Canada’s Aboriginals that stresses assimilation


  • Traditional ceremonies are banned

  • Right to vote was tied to loss of Indian status and share in Treaty Rights

  • (Add) Made Aboriginals wards of the state – not responsible for their welfare, development, future- all would have to be ok’d by Fed. Government

League of Indians


  • Organization of First Nation’s peoples who are lobbied the federal government for the right to vote and keep their status, better health and education, financial aid, hunting rights without interference

  • Canadian officials prevent Ab. concerns from being heard


  • Provided a united voice for Aboriginal people

  • Became illegal for Status Indians to organize politically and raise money to lobby the government

  • Successfully restrained First Nation’s activism

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