Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born in 1882, in New York. He married Eleanor Roosevelt. He was elected to the New York Senate in 1910, and later served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy.
When FDR was 39 years old, he got polio.Polio is a terrible disease that causes people to lose control of their muscles. Polio left him unable to walk, but he refused to let that stop him. He spent the rest of his life in a wheelchair. FDR often traveled to Warm Springs, Georgia to bathe in the natural springs found in the area. He built a house called the Little White House. He refused to let his disability stand in his way.
FDR became governor of New York in 1928. Then in 1932, he was elected the 32nd President of the United States. He was elected to the office of president four times. He held the office longer than any other person.
When FDR was elected president, the country was in terrible shape. Millions of people were out of work, and things were so bad that people call this period of time the Great Depression.
Roosevelt’s plan to help the country’s problems was called the New Deal. He asked Congress to pass laws creating programs that would give people jobs and help the poor, the elderly and farmers. He also created the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). It gave many people jobs and electricity. The New Deal ended child labor and set a minimum wage that had to be paid to all workers so that people could afford the things that they needed to survive.
He died in 1945 in Warm Springs, Georgia.
Eleanor Roosevelt was born in 1884, in New York. Her parents were very wealthy or rich, but her childhood was very unhappy. Eleanor went to live with her grandmother, who was nice but strict. She enjoyed visiting her Uncle Teddy’s farm. Her uncle was Theodore Roosevelt, president of the United States.
When Eleanor was 15 years old, she went to a boarding school near London, England. The school helped her become strong, confident, and caring women.
In 1905, she married Franklin Delano Roosevelt who was her fifth cousin. They had six children. When FDR got polio, it was Eleanor who encouraged him to stay in politics. She refused to let him give up. She traveled for him, reported to him and campaigned for him. Eleanor was very involved in Franklin’s decisions as president.
Eleanor helped create the National Youth Administration to give young people jobs. She spoke out against all types of discrimination and helped the poor. After Franklin died, she was appointed as a delegate to the United Nations. Her greatest contribution was her work with this organization.
She was a Civil Rights leader.
She was the 1st woman to ever hold a press conference.