1793 Cotton Gin



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Unit 3: Jefferson to Jackson


1793

Cotton Gin

Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin

1800

Election of 1800

Jefferson defeated Adams ushering in the so-called “Revolution of 1800”

1801-1809

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson elected president in 1800; re-elected in 1804

1801-1805

Tripolitan War

Naval war with the Barbary pirates

1803

Marbury vs. Madison

John Marshall’s Supreme Court established its power of judicial review

1803

Louisiana Purchase

Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory from Napoleon for $15 million

1804-1806

Lewis and Clark

Lewis and Clark explored the Louisiana Territory

1807

Embargo Act

Embargo Act prohibited all trade with foreign nations

1807

Steamboat

Robert Fulton built the first steamboat, improving river navigation

1809-1817

James Madison

James Madison elected president in 1808; re-elected in 1812

1812-1815

War of 1812

United States declared war on Britain for violation of neutral shipping rights and failure to evacuate western forts

1814

Treaty of Ghent

Treaty of Ghent ended War of 1812

1815

Battle of New Orleans

Andrew Jackson achieved hero status by defeating British in last battle of war

1816

Second Bank of the U.S.

Second B.U.S. chartered (part of Clay’s American System)

1816

Tariff of 1816

Tariff raised to protect American industry (part of Clay’s American System)

1817-1825

James Monroe

James Monroe elected to two terms; the so-called “Era of Good Feelings”

1819

Panic of 1819

America experienced its worst financial crisis since the nation’s founding

1819

McCulloch v. Maryland

Marshall ruled that the B.U.S. was constitutional and cannot be taxed

1820

Missouri Compromise

Compromise outlawed slavery north of Missouri’s southern border

*1823

Monroe Doctrine

Secretary of State John Q. Adams’ policy warned Europeans not to colonize any further in Western Hemisphere

1824

Election of 1824

The House chose J.Q. Adams as president; Jackson alleged a “corrupt bargain”

1825

Erie Canal

Erie Canal completed; 1820s and 1830s were the era of the canal

1825-1829

John Quincy Adams

John Q. Adams served one tumultuous term as president

1828

Tariff of Abominations

An even higher tariff angered many southerners and set off a wave of protest

1828

Railroad

First railroad completed

1829-1837

Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson elected president in 1828; re-elected in 1832

1832

Bank War

Jackson vetoed the B.U.S. recharter bill

1832-1833

Nullification Crisis

High tariff spurred southerners to support Calhoun’s doctrine of nullification

1837-1841

Martin Van Buren

Martin Van Buren elected to one tumultuous term as president in 1836

1837

Panic of 1837

Many economic problems plummeted the nation into a second major depression

1841

William Henry Harrison

William H. Harrison - the first Whig - elected president, but died after 31 days



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