15B8 Fkauncr I. atvifrs Log

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passage of time; sometimes « an hour's spnee ; a
strictly finite space of time.

15B8 Fkauncr I.atvifrs Log. I. iv. 28 b, If a preacher.,
should talk out his houre-glasse in discoursing of Hell the
dragon. 1605 Haton Adv. Leant. 11. Ded. 0 15 Those
things..may lie done in succession of ages, though not
within the hourc-glas*e of one mans life. 1644 Ql'ari.kn
Barnabas B. 36 What mean these strict reformers thus
to spend their hour-glaftsct ? 1714. Gay Sht/h. Week Friday
H? He.spoke the hour-cln«s in her praise—quite out.
1846 TttKNcii Mirar. vi. (1863) 185 When death was shaking
the last few sands in the hour-glass of his daughter's life.
c. at I rib.
y referring to the shape of an hour-glass.

18*8-34 Good's Study Med. led. 4) IV. 173 If the uterus..
•should contract, .transversely ho as to form what ha* been
called an Hour-glass contraction. s86o (». H. K. Vac.
Tour. 119, 1 use.I to think that the Pcchts .. built them
hour-glass fashion to prevent the said enemy scrambling
into them.

IIHouri lhii''ri,hau»ri). [a. F. houri (1654 in
Hatz.-Dnrm.), a. Fcrs. (Jm*^ JiiirT, f. Arabic .*&
htlr pi. of *]•«»> (taunt* fnn., in uj*jA\ %y* hur-
alcay/ln ^females) gazelle-like in the eyes, t. .y*.
hawira to be black-cycd liko a gazelle.] A nymph
of the Mohammedan Paradise. Hence applied
allusively to a voluptuously Ijcautiful woman.

1737 Johnson Irene iv. v, Suspend thy passage to the
srats of hli*;^, Nor wish for hounes in Irene's urius. 1745
Walpoi.k Lett. (1857 I. 343 (Stanf.) Handsomer than
one of the hoitris. 1810 JUhon Sitge Cor. xii, Secure in
paiadise to be Uy Hour is loved immortally. iSao Scott
tvanhoe vii, What is she, I«nnc T Thy wife or thy daughter,
that Eastern houri that thuu lorkeat under thy arm? 1897
Lytton Pelham I. (Stanf.), This speech somewhat softened
the incensed Houri of Mr. Gordon's Paradise.

Hourless (cuwj1«'s\ a. Without hours; having
no reckoning ol tiint*.

1855 Hailkv Afyxtic 11 The hourtcss mansions ofthe dead.

Hourly (nu»j)i), a. [J. Hc»rR + -ly«.]
! 1. Ot or belonging to an hour ; of an hour*s age
or duration ; very recent or brief,

1S13 More Rich, lit (188j) 14 That an houerly kindnes
sofTainely coiitrai:t in one lumrc.. shold he d«'i>er set led.. then
! along airiistonicd malice many yirrcs luotcd. i8ai Hvron
t'tfo Eosmri 1. i. 376 For the present, Foscnri Has :\ short

I hourly respite.
2. Occurring or performed every hour; done,
1 reckoned, etc. hour by hour; frequent, continual.
VciS3O Crt. of Lo7>e 3.S3 With hourly labour and grct
i nttrndauncc. 1509 Siiaks. Much Ado 11. i. 1H8 This is an
accidrnt of hourely proofc. 1659 B. Harris ParivaCs Iron
Age 180 In hourly expectation of the Hangman. 1707
Godwin Enquirer 1. xi. 97 The hourly events ot \\\s life.
x8o8 MrKPoeii in Phil. Trans. XCVfN. 126 An hourly
supply of 1250 cuhic fert of the gas. 1883 Worn. Suffrage-
Jrnt. Nov. 198/1 Whether he wa.% paid an hourly, daily, or
weekly wage.

b. ns sb. (f/.S.) A public conveyance that runs
every hour.

1877 Har ri.ETT Dit t. Amer. 390 Hourly, formerly used in
and altout Boston for an omnibus. 1881 Jtarfter's Mag.
Feb. 388 The terrors of the 'hourly' or omnibus.

Hourly cau*\ili), adv. [f. liouK \ -ly2.]

1. Every hour; hour by hour; from hour to hour;
continually, very frequently.

a 1470111 EUim Orig. Lett. Ser. 11. 1.136 Asdayly and howrlye
U now.. proved. 150ft Fishier EunSserm. C'fess Richmond
Wks. (1876) 300 The pet ylies .. innumerable, whiche dayly
& hourly my^ht hauc happed. 1611 Siiaks. Cymb. 11. i.64
A Mother hourely coyning plots. 1776 C»ibbon Dec I. I. 103 The barbarians were hourly expected at the gates of
Rome. 1811 HvftoN Eamv. Malta, Two spoonfuls hourly.

f 2. For the space of an hour; for a short time ;
quickly, cursorily. Obs.

109More Dyalogc i. Wks. 105/* Parted, .suchc.as rather
nede to be altentely redde and aduined, than houctly harde
and passid ouer. 153a
Confut. Tindalr I hid. 694/1. 1549
Covkrdalk, etc. Erasm. /'ar. Cor. 43 With you peraduen-
ture will 1 abyde for a whyle. .but I would not %ee you now
houerly, & in my passage.

t Hourech, v. Obs. rare. [?:—OK. hryscatf,
1 stridere'.] intr. ? To rattle, make a din.

taxqno Atortr Arth. auoj>e hathelieste on by, haythene
and opcr; All hoursches over hede harnies to wyrke.

Hourte, ol>8. form ol' Hrivr*.

Housage ^hau-2t>d^\ [f. Hovmk r.1 + A«E.]

1. A fee paid for housing goods.

1617 Minsheu Ductor, Housmge is a fee that one j>ayes
for setting vp any stuffc in a house, either for a Carrier, or
at a wharfe, or .such like. [Hence in later Diet*,)

2. The action of houfcim; or condition of beim;

i8o« Coi.FRtncE Lett. (1895) 430 The former car«o i* in
safe iiuusage.

t Honflal, a, Obs. In 7 housall, -ell, houseall.
[app. irreg. f. 1!ourk sb.1 -t -al ; but possibly worn
down from household.] belonging to the house;
domestic; domesticated ; household-.

t6ti Cotgr., Addomesti£uft.Anwurdt familiar, housall.
Ibid., Ichneumon,, the Egyptian Rat .. vsunlly tamed,

bnd made housall, by the people of/Egypt. 1617 in b. D.
*"eill Virginia Carvforum (1886) 404 nott, Good» nuiveable
houselfstufle or chattek. 1668M Riding Rec. VI. 196

Her goods and houseail atuft

Houaband, etc., ub«. form of Huaband, etc.

KotU8« ;hnus), sb.*
PI. houses (hdu'zez).
Forms: 1 htto, 2*4 (6 St.) hus, 3-5 howa, 3-6
hous, 4- house, (4 huu*9 houua, hu«©, huia, Sc.

W. Cunningham Cosmogr. Gtasse 158 Dy this Compasse
(the Sonnc ahynynge) men shall perfitly know the houre of
the day. 1663 Butler Hud. 1. i. 125 What hour o1 th1
day 11m clock does strike. 1791 Mrs. Raijciihe Rom.
Forest n, She awoke at an early hour. (871G. Macijonai.h
Parables, Lore's Ordeal viii, The little clo<:k rung out the
hour often. 188a Skrjt. H allantinb Ex per. I. ii. 24 Watch-
men, .called the hours ofthe night.

b. Small hours flWt early hours after midnight
denoted by the small number*, one, two, etc.

1836-7 Dickkms Sk. Boz vii. (1883) 30 He invited friends
home, who used to come at ten o'clock, and ben in to get
happy about the small hours. 1850
Farrar % Home viii.
Often beguiled by hi* studies into the 'wee small1 hours
of night. 1865 \V. G. Palgravk Arabia II. 335 Con versa-
lion ifi prolonged to midnight or even to the small hours.

o. //. Habitual time of getting up and going to
bed, esp. the latter; usually with such adjs. as
good, regular, early\ bad, late, etc.

1601 Siiaks. 7W/. /V. I. iii. 6 Vou must rome in earlycr a
nights : your Cosin, my Lndy, takes great exceptions to
:li •- - - Popr (J. h. v. A7*/>, I rule the family

your ill homes, at _m __m w ^

very ill, and keep fia'd hours.' 1740 Kikldinis Tom Jones
xi. iii, The Sun .. keeps very good hours at this time of
year. 1775 Shkmimn Rivals 1. i, Their regular hours
stupify me—not a fiddle nor a card after eleven ! 183a I-.
Huxt Mr R. Usher (1850) 81, I was nearly killed with his
Grace's hours. 1834
H\ India Sketch Bk. f. 18 The fatigue*
and late hours of the preceding night. 1891 Mus. S.
Edwakij* Secret of P* cess II. xvi. 195, I keep early hours.

4. A definite time in general; an appointed time;
an occasion, spec. Of the hour: of the present
hour, ofthe very time that is now with us; as in
1 the question of the hour \

a 1300 Cursor AT. 4665 His nam \>&\ chaunged fra )>at our.
r 1380 Wvn.iK Srrnt. Sel. Wks. 11. 222 Sety Poul here \>;M
our is now to rise fro sleep. 1400 Caxton Eneydos Hi. 147
The lad yes. .cursed turiiuH and tue owre in whictie he bigan
first the bataylle. x«a6 Tindai.e John ii. 4 Myne houre is
not yctt come. 1540-9 (Mar.) Bk. Com. Prayer, Litany,
In the houre of death, in the daye of judgement: Good
lordc dcliuer us. 1553 T- Wilson Rlwt. (1580) 150 Sir
Thomas More.. whose witte even at this hower, is a wonder
to all the worlde. 1603 .Siiaks. Af ens. for AL 11. ii. 16 Shcc'i
very nccre her houre. 1698 Frykr Acc. E. India P. 373
Twelve Ships were sent to the bottom, in a well-cho.ten
hour. 1750 Gray Elegy iv, The boast of heraldry, the
pomp of power .. Await alike th' inevitable hour. 1849
Macaulay Hist. En{. ii. I. 173 To hasten the hour of his
own return. 18B7 J eshopp A n\ufy v. 136 The subject of the
hour, .[is] the housing ofthe working classes.

b. Phr. In a good (happy, etc.) hour [partly * K.
a la bonne heurej: at a fortunate time; happily,
fortunately; so m an evil (ill, etc.) hour, t /"
good hour \V. de bonne heure]: in good time,
early; so + in due hour (obs.).

f 1450 Merlin 140 Arthur..thought that in eoode houre
were he born that it myght conqucre. .,11489
Sonnes of Ay mon i. 38 In an euyll oure was he put todcih.
1603 Holland Plutarch** Afor. 13^4 A** if a man should
hay, In good houre and happily may this or that conic.
i6so Shklton Quix. iv. xvi. II. iy8 lie resumes hi* Music lc
.. In a good Hour, quoth Donna Clara, and then bccauM.*
she herself would not hear him, she stoppd her Ears with
her Fingers. 1654
Sir T. Hkrhekt Trav. 126 In a happy
houre, the king, .took© notice of him. 1685 Eviclyn Diary
17 Sept., The next morning [we] set out for (iuildford,
where we ariv'd in good hour. 1689 —
Let, to Pt%pys u
Aug., Retiring in due hour. 1710 De Foe Crusoe 1. i, In an
ill hour.. I went on board. 1806-7 J. Berks ford Afiscrirs
Hum. Life 11826) iv. In trod., In an evil hour I .. changed
my lodgings.

5. Eccl (pi.) a. The seven stated times of the
day appointed for prayer {canonical hours', see
Canonical i b). b. The prayers or offices ap-
pointed to be said at these times; a book con-
taining these. Rare in sing. (The earliest recorded
use, = L. horn, OK. ures; in OK, {seo/on) t/da.)

a iaas Ancr. R. 6 Sum is clergesse, & sum nis nout &
mot te more wurchen, & an otter wixe siggen hire ures.
1377 Langl. P. /'/. B. Prol. 97 Here me.txe and here
maty nest and many of here nure* Am don vndcuoutlych.
c1400 St. Ate lifts (Laud 6jv) 30 Forto xeruen god almi)th
Hy tides and by houre*. c 1450 St. Cufhbert (Surtee*) 1477
When \»t oure of terce was done. 1450-1*30 Afyrr. our
164 Complyn ya the Seuenthe and the laxte houre
of dyuyne seruyce. .in theendo thcrof the scuen howres of
dyuyne fteruyce ar fulfylled. 1660 Woodhrad St. Terrs a
11. xviii. lai They recited their Canonical Hours. 1873^
Dixon Two Queens I. 111. i. 119 Illuminated hours, and*
golden miKsalit. i£p4 IUri no-Gould Deserts S. France II.
130 A nun saying Her hours.

6. Mythol. (//..with capital H, - L. Horn, Or.
•"fl/xn.) Female divinities supposed to preside over
the changes of the seasons.

1634 Milton Con/us 086 The Graces and the rosy-bosomed
Hours. i7St Gray Odes, String I, Lo t where the ruity-
bosom'd Hours, Pair Venus train, appear. 183* Tiiiar.-
wall Greece vi. I. aai The goddesses who preside over
them (the seasons]-the Hours—were originally three in
number. 1851 Ittustr. Catal. Gt. EAhib. 1986 The Hour*
bringing the horses 10 the chariot of the Sun; from the
basso-relievo..by John Gibson, R.A.

7. Astr. and Geog. An angular measure of right
ascension or longitude, being the 24th part of a
great circle ofthe sphere, or 15 degrees.

[17*7-41 Chambers Cycl s. v., Fifteen degrees of the
equator answer to an hour.) 1777 Roiirktson Hut. Amer.
(1783) I. 316 The longitude, .is seven hours, or one hundred
and fifteen degrees from the meridian of th
« Canarylslands.
1877 G. F. Chambkm Astron. v. in. (ed. 3) 460 Right
AfK*tt*ion .. is..reckoned .. either in angular measure, .or
in time, of hour*, minutes, and seconds.

Vol. V*


8. Comb.: hour-angle, Astr. the angular distance
between the meridian and the declination-circle
passing through a heavenly body, which is the
measure of the sidereal time elapsed since its cul-
mination ; hour-bell, a bell rung every hour, or
that sounds the hours; hour-book, Eccl. a book of
hours (sense 5 b); hour-oup, a cup in a clepsydra
that empties itself hourly; hour-figure, a figure
denoting the hour,esp. on a dial-plate; hour-hand,
the short hand of a clock or watch which indicates
the hours; hour-index, an index or pointer which
can l)t turned to any hour marked on trie hour-circle
of an artificial globe; hour-lino, a line on a dial
indicating the hour by the passage of the shadow
across it; hour-long a., lasting for an hour; hour-
plate, the dial-plate of a clock or watch, inscribed
with figures denoting the hours; hour-atroke, one
of the strokes or marks on a dial-plate indicating
the hours ; hour-watch, a watch indicating only
the hours; hour-wheel, (a) =- Hour-chicle 2 ; (/')
that wheel in a clock which crimes the hour-hand.

1837 Psnny Cycl. IX. 488 is. v. Equatorial) The differ-
ence between the observed *liour angle and the true hour
angle. 1784 CowrKR Task v. 404 To count the *hour-hc"
and expect no change. 1891 Pull Mall G. 15 Jan. v/3 The
hour Ull in the clock-tower. 1896 Daily \\~ivs 98 Nov.
3/6 An *Huur buok. .illustrated with richly painted minia
turcs. 1790 J. Ciilciirikt in A*iat. A'es. V. 87 The water
(gradually nlU the < up, mid sinks it, in the spare [of time] to
which this huiir-cup or kutoree has previously been ad-
justed. 1600 I.fydoirs Curs. Math. 703 b, Rcfore you enn
calculate the * Horn-distant rs for these Plains, there are
three Requisites to be fir*i enquired. 1675 Lomt. (7az. No.
1052/4 The hour of the day, pointed at by an Archer cn-
Kraved on the Plate within the Lhour-figures. 1660 Phil \
Trans. IV. 944 In case the *Hour• hand hath..pass d that
hour. 1805 (?• A'st'. July 22a The two failures..put back 1
the hour-hand of lime for tent uric;. 1674 MoxoN
Tutor j
Astron. ill. (ed. 3) 11a Turn the dlobe Westwards till thu i
* Hour-Index point* at the Hour of the Night. 199} Fat r '
Dialling b From the centre C. by these markt-s the^houri:-
line must be drawnc. 1767 1* 1 ro.i soshi Phil. Trans. LVII.
390 The true hour-lines fur n hm i^ontal dial. 1803 Beddofs ,
Itygtia xi. 01 Requiring no "hour-long; haransurs. 411704 t
rcM.-iu-. (T.i, 1'he characters of the * hour plate. 1674 N. Fair-
fax Bulk «V Selv. isii The haml i>r Index on the Dial-plate.. I
creeping from * hour-stroke to hour-stroke. 1697 ^ond. Ga:.
No. 3352/4 A plain "hourWatch. 1594 Hlindevil lixerc. iv. {
lntrod. (cd. 7) tyj Upon this braxeu Meridian is placed nt :
the North Pole another little brazen Circle..called tin- j
"lioure-wheele. 1704 J. Hakkis Lex. Techn. s. v. Pinion.
The Hour Wheel {of a clockj.


I L Any ^nat circle of the celestial sphere passing
through the poles; a meridian or declination-circle.
Twenty-four of these are commonly marked on the
globe, each distant from the next by one hour of
right ascension.

1690 Tjvnot'KN Curs. Math. 359 Through either of the
Poles, .thure are drawn 19 Meridians or hour-Circles. 181a
16 J. Smith Panotama ScQArtLs**} Twenty-four of these
circles of declination are called hour-circles.

2. A small brass circle at the north pole of an
artificial globe, graduated into hours and divisions
of an hour.

1674 Moxon Tutor Astron. 1. (ed. 3> 6 The Hour Cirrle
U a small Hraseti Circle, fitted on the Meridian who^
Center is the Pole of the world. Ibid. 111. 119 Turn about
the Globe till the Index of the Hour Circle points to the
Hour of the Day or Night.

3. A graduated circle upon an equatorial telescopt-,
parallel to the plane of the equator, by means uf
which the hour-angle of a star is observed.

1837 Penny Cycl. IX. 486 (*. v. Equatorial) The hour-
circle is made to read o*\ when the telesc-ofte is in the
meridian of the place. 1879 G. F. Chambers Astron. \\\.
iii. (ed. 3) 650 The hour-rime ha* a female strrw cut on
outer edge, in which an endless screw, .is arranged to work
so aj* to give a »l<>w motion in Right Ascension.

Hourd(e, obs. form of Hoaud.

Houre, obs. form of Our, Whorr.

Konred (uua. [f. IIoi'K r -EDJ

11. Defined by a particular hour; definite. Obs.

f 1475 Partenay 538 A wihle swine chasing at that hourrd
Ibid. 2695 This goth well at lh> si houred braid.

2. (in comb.) Of a specified number of hours.

1665 Sir T. Herbert Trav. (1677) 330 Turning the four-
hour'd glass. 1890 Pall Mail G. 2 Apr. 3/2 In a gnod
' short-houred' firm an ttv*istant's lot com|mreK very favour-
ably with that of many a toiler.

HoUT-glaM. A contrivance for measuring
time, consisting of a glass vessel with oljcoriical
ends connected by a constrict cd neck, through which
a quantity of sand (or sometimes mercury) runs in
exactly an hour; a sand-glass that runs for an hour.

< 15*5 Cikke Loretts B. (Percy Soc.) 12 One kepte y*
compas and watched y* our ula-sse. 1591
Churchw. Acc.
St. f/tl'f/'s, Abiugdiw (Nichols 1797) 141 Paid for an houre
Shaka. Merch. I'. 1. i. 25.
Fuller Ifoly 4- Prof. St. 11. xxi. 130 America is not
unfitly renembled to mi Houre-glaftHe, which hath a narrow
neck of land.. betwixt the part* thereof. 1711 AnomoN
Sfiect. No. 63 p 4 The fluure of Time with an Hour-gia**
in one hand, and a Scythe in the other. 185a
Hook CA.
Diet. ^1871) 375 For the meaKurement ofthe time of sermon,
honr-frlasses were frequently attached to pulpits.

b. Often A', or allusively, in reference to the

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