120 chondroptettygian

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faaj^fat, fall; me, met, her; pine, pin; nOte, not, m»ve; tube, tub, bnl»; oil, pound; ft, d, French ut long and short.
chirograph, kl'ro-graf, n. [Gr. cheir. the
hand, and graphs, I write, I engrave.] A
writing or document; a deed; an instru-

chlrographer, kl-rog'ra-fer, n. [See
prec] One who teaches writiug.

ehirographic. ki-ro-graf'ik, a. Pertain
ing to chirography.

ehlroffraiihy, kl-rog'ra-fi, n. [Chiro
oraph.) Handwriting; style of writing.

Chlrology, kl-rol'o-ji, n. [Gr. cheir, th
hand, logos, discourse.] The art of speak
ing with the hands or using the dcaf-mut

chiromancer, chiromantist, ki'ro-
man-serr ki'ro-man-tist, n. One who prac
Uses chiromancy.

chlroriiaitcy, kl'm-man-sj, n. [Gr. cheir,
the hand, and manteia, divination.] The
art or practice of foretelling one's fortune
by inspecting the lineaments of his hand

Clllromantic, kl-ro-man'tik, a. Pertain-
ing to palmistry or chiromancy.

Chiropodist, kl-rop'od-ist, u. [Gr. cheir,
the hand, and pmts, podoa, the foot.) One
who treats diseases of tho hands or feet; a
surgeon for the feet; a cutter or extractor
of corns.

Chirp, cherp, v.i. pret. & pp. chirped, cherpt;

ppr. chirping, cherp'ing- [Imitative of

Bound; comp. G. zirpen, tschirpen, schirpm,
to chirp. Chirrup is a leng* hened form.} To
niake the lively cheerful noise of certain
small birds, or of certain insects; to cheep.

n. A short, shrill note as of certain

birds or insects.

chlrper, eherp'er, n. One that chirps.

chlrrnp, chi'rup, v.i. pret. & pp. chirruped,

chi'rupt; ppr. chirruping, chi'rup-ing.

[Lengthened form of chirp.] To chirp-

a. A chirp.

Chlnirgeonf, ki-rer'jon, n. [Gr. cheirour-

gos—chier, the hand, and ergon, work.] A

surgeon.—chlrurglcal, kl-rer'jik-al, a.


Chisel, chiz'el, n. [O. Fr. cisel (Fr. ciseau),

fr, L.L. cisellum, fr. L. ecedo, ciesum, I cut.]

A cutting, paring, hewing, or gouging tool,

used in wood-work, masonry, sculpture, &c.

v.t. pret. & pp. chiselled, chiz'eld; ppr.

chiselling, chiz'el-ing. To cut, gouge, or

engrave with a chisel.

Chiselled, chiz'eld, p.a. Cut or engraved

with a chisel; clear-cut; having tiie lines

or forms finely and clearly cut.
chiselling, chiz'cl-ing, n. Work done

with the chisel; chiselled work.
chl*el»tooth, chiz'el-tdth, n. A tooth like

a chisel, a name ffiven to the incisor teeth of

rodent animals from their form.
Chl.Hleu, kifllfi.n. [Heb. kislen.] The ninth

month of the Jewish year, answering to a

part of November and a part of Dectuuliur.
Chit, chit, n. [Originally meant a kitten,

cub, or other young aniinul, hence probably

akin to kitUn, kitting, Be. chert, puns.] A

young child; a young and pert girl; an in-
significant young person.
Chit, chit, n. (Etymol. uncertain.] A shoot

or sprout; a baby.
Chit-chat, chit'ehat, n. [A reduplicated

form of cluU.\ Prattle; familiar or trilling

Cllltln, Chltlne, kl'tin, n. [Fr. chiton, a

tunic. J The substance which forma the

wing-covers and integuments of inseeta and

the carapaces of cruntacea.
chiton, kl'ton, n.^[(ir. chiton, a tunic, a

cuirass, a coat of mail ] The name of cer-
tain molluscs, with a shell formed of several

overlapping pieces.
cJhltterllliff, chit'er-Jing. n. [Origin doubt-

fnL) Part of the sm^ll intestines of a swine,

fried for food; generally used in the plural.
chlvalrlc ehlvalroB*, stii'val Hie, shi'-

Tal-rus, a. Pertaining feo chivalry; warlike;

bold; raUanti
fthlvullroiiiiljr, jhl'val-rus-li, adv. In a

cbjvalrant spirit.

"" " " "Val-ri, n. {Fr. chevalerie,

__|htbood. cavalry, fr. L.L.
f L. caballarius, a horseman, fr.

cnballuH (Fr. cheval), a home. CAVAUtY.
Knighthood; the usages and customs per
taining to the orders of knighthood; system
of knighthood; qualifications of a knight
privileges and manners of knights; heroii
defence of life and honour; illustrious war-
riors, especially cavalry.
chive, chiv, n. Civk.
cliluniyH, klam'is, n. [Gr. chlamys, chlamy
don.] A light, free-flowing scarf or plan!
worn by the ancients; the floral envelope
of a plant.

chloa&llia, klo'az-ma, n, [Gr. chloe, yellow-
ish-green verdure. J An affection of the
skin in which it shows yellowish or brown
ish spots.

chloral, klo'ral, n. [From chlor, the first
I>art of chlorine, and at, the first syllable of
alcohol.] An oily liquid produced frorc
chlorine ami alcohol; also the name applied
to chloral hydrate, a white substance used in
medicine for producing sleep.
chlorullMiii, klo'ral-izm, n. [Chloral and
-ism.] A morbid state of the system arising
from an; incautious or habitual use of

Chloric, kUVrik, a. [Chlorine and -ic] Ter-
taining to or containing chlorine; specific-
ally, containing chlorine in smaller propor-
tion than chlorous compounds.
chloride, klo'rld, n, [Chlorine and -ide.^
A compound of chlorine and some other sub-
stance, as potash, soda, lime, & a—Chloride of
lime, a compound of chlorine and lime, used
as a bleaching agent and as a disinfectant.
chlorlrilzc, chloritfnIc, klo'rid-T/, klo'-
rid-At, v. t. pret. k pp. rhloridized, vhloridated,
chloHdating, klo'rid-Iz-inR, klO'rid-at-ing. In
photography, to cover with chloride of silver.
chlorine, klG'rln, n, f(ir. chloros, greeniah-
yellow, from the colour of the substance.]
An elementary gaseous substance of a green-
ish-yellow colour obtained from common
salt, and used aa a bleaching agent and dis-
infectant in the form of chloride of lime.
chlorite, klo'rit, n. [See prec] A mineral
of a grass-green colour, allied in character
to mica and talc; a wait of chlorous acid.
Chlorixlyiic, klo'rodTn, n. [Chlor-, fr.
chloroform, and Or. odfpu', pain.] An ano-
dyne, the active element* of which are mor-
phia, chloroform, pruHsic acid, and extract
of Indian hemp.

Chloroform, klo'ru-form, n. [Chlor-, fr.
chloride or chlorine, and -form, fr. formic
acid, from chemical connect ion.] A liquid
of an agreeable taste and smell, much used
as an anaesthetic, for whioh purpose its
vapour 18 inhaled. v.t. pret. & pp. chloro-
formed, kkVrd-formd; ehlorofonmng, klo'ro-
form-ing. To put under the influence of
chloroform : to treat with chloroform.
Jlloroilicicr, klo-rorn'et-er, n. [Chlor-,
fr. chloride, and (Jr. metrtm, a measure.]
An instrument for testing the bleaching
f hlid f li &

powers of chloride of lime, &c.

chlorophyll, klo'ro-fll, n. [Gr. chldros,
green, and phylUm, a leaf. ] The green
colouring matter of plants.

cIlloro.Hl*, kl6-rrhloros,
greeninh-yellow. ] The green BicktieHH. a
form of amenria or blo«idlc;sHiicflH which
affects young females, characterized by a
pale greenish hue of the skin.
Hllorotlc, klorot'ik, a. Pertaining to
chlorosis; affected by chlorosis.

chock-rilll,chok'fu1,fl. Hun wtw Choke-full.
*hocolate, cho'ko-lat, n. [Fr. chocolat,
8p. chocolate, fr. Mex. chocolatl, chocolate.]
A paste or cake composed of the kernels of
the cacao-nut ground and combined with
sugar and flavouring BubBtancjes; the bev-
erage made by dissolving chocolate in lx>il-

ing water or milk. a. Having the colour

of chocolate; of a dark, glossy brown.

choric, chod. The old pret. of chicle.

Choice, chois, n. [O. Fr. chois, a choice
(Mod. Fr. choix), fr. choisir, to choose; fr.
the German. Citoohk.] Act or power of
choosing; election; option; the thing chosen;
selection; best part of anything; that which
is preferable; the object of choice. a.

Worthy of being chosen; very valuable;
select; precious; rare; well-chosen; nioe or
careful in choosing.

cholceleHH, chois'les, a. Not having the
choice or power of choosing.

choicely, chois'li, adv. In a choice man-
ner or degree.

choir, kwlr, n* [O. Fr. cuer, choeur, L.
chorus, fr. Gr. choros, a dance in a ring, a
band; same word as chorus, quire.] Ori-
ginally, a company of singers and dancers
arranged in a ring; any body of singers; a
body of singers in a church; that part of
a church appropriated for tho singers; a
— v.t. and i. prot. & pp. choired,
kwlrd; ppr. choiring, kwir'ing. To sing in

cholr-Hcreen, kwlr/skrcn,w. An orna-
mental open screen of wood or stone be-
tween the choir or chancol and the nave.


Choke, chok, v.t. pret. & pp. choked, chokt;
ppr. choking, chOk'ing. [A. Sax. cedcum,
acedcian: akin to Icel. koka, to gulp, kftka,
to swallow; nerhaps imitative of the con-
vulsive sound made when the throat is im-
peded.] To throttle; to strangle by com-
preying tho throat or stopping the breath;
to stop or block up; to obstruct, hinder, or
check; to smother, suppress, extinguish,

stifle. v.i. To be Buffocatcd; to have tho

windpipe stopped; to be obstructed or
blocked up.

choke-bore, chok'bur, n. A shot-gun
which has the bore narrowing towards the
muzzle go an to keep the shot from spread-

choke-damp, choky damp, n. Noxious
suffocating vapour (carbonic acid gas) in
wells, coal-mines, and other pits.
choke-full, chok'ful, n. [May mean lit.
full to choking; but the true 8jfiling and
meaning are uncertain.] Full aa possible;
uuitc full. Written also Chock-full.
choky, chok'i, a. [Choke and -yj That
tends to or has power to choke or suffocate;
ffaaping, an the voice.

choiiemllt, ko-lc'mi-a, n. [Gr. cholc, bile,
haima, blood.1 A morbid accumulation of
bile in the blood.

clioliiffOiKUe, kol'a-Kog, n. \Qr. cholartogos
—chole., bile, and agngos, leading, fr. ago, I
lead.] A medicine that huH the quality of
carrying off the bile.

choler, ko'ler, n. JO.Fr. cholere (Fr. colere),
choler, anger, L. cholera, a bilious ailment,
fr. Gr. cholera, from chide, bile, anger. J
The bile; anger; wrath; irascibility: for-
merly supposed to proceed from excess of
the bile.

cholera, ko'le-ra, n. [Gr. cholera. Bee
prec] A bilious disorder, bilious diarrhoea;
alrto called British cholera, summer cholera,
&c; more commonly applied to a disease
characterized by copious vomiting and purg-
ing, followed by great prostration, and in
severe cases often by death; malignant or
Asiatic cholera.

choleraic, ko-le-ra'ik, d. Pertaining to

liolerlc, kole-rik, a. Abounding with

choler or bile; irascible; petulant; peevish:

, , , ]

occurring in biliary calculi, yolk of
beans, peas, wheat, and other plants.

Choi lam hUH, ko-li-am^ms, n. [Gr. choli-
amijos, that is, lame or limping iambus
choloM, lame, and iambon, iambus.] An
iambic lino in poetry having a spondee in
the sixth or last foot.

ehoildrlfy, kon'dri-ff, v.t and t. pret.
k pp. chondHfied, kon'dri-fld; ppr. chondrU
fytng, kon'dn-fl-ing. [Gr. chondro*, rartil-
age, and -///.] To convert or bo converted
into cartilage.

chondrology, kon-drol'o-ji, n. [Gr. chonr
dron, cartilage, and -logUi.] The science or
knowledge of cartilages.

chofidroptcr.ytfliui, chondronlerj-
IKIohm, konMrop-te-riJ^i-an, kon'drop-te-
rii^i-uii, a. [Gr. chondro*, cartUago, and
pleryx, pterygos, a wing or fln.] Pertaining

rholeMlcrlne9 ko-Wter-in, n. [Gr. choir,
bile, Htereon, solid, aud ~ine.] A wubstanco
i i bili lli

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