10th mountain division (light infantry) and fort drum

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14. Conduct

You are expected to carry out your duties and to conduct yourself properly on and off-duty by living the Army Values, the Soldiers’ Creed, and representing the 10th Mountain Division. There are civil laws, which pertain to all citizens, Soldiers included, and you must obey these laws. You will use professional language in public and common areas (i.e. PX, commissary, CDC, mall, Wal-Mart, Theater, etc). Profanity and inappropriate language is prohibited in the above mention locations. Soldiers will demonstrate appropriate respect for all civilian authorities on and off the installation. Every workday, leaders will conduct “morning parade” which may consist of D & C, police call, common area walk through, and or in ranks inspection for 15 minutes prior to work call to ensure that we are meeting the Army standards.

a. Loud Noise. Soldiers will not operate vehicles with radios or other such sound systems at a volume that impairs the driver’s ability to hear outside sounds or another vehicle’s horn. Playing a radio, CD player, stereo, or any sound system too loud, in a vehicle, walking on the street, in the barracks, or in housing is prohibited. No audio equipment may be played loudly enough to be heard more than 30 feet away. Fort Drum quiet hours are between 2100-0800, no loud or unusual noises during this time.

b. Traffic Regulations. You must have a valid driver’s license, registration, and insurance to operate a motor vehicle. Any lapse in any of these could result in your driving privileges being suspended for 5 years on all military installations.

(1) Speed Limits. Vehicular traffic will slow to 10 MPH when passing Soldiers during PT or anytime when passing Soldiers in formation (3 or more). Speed limits are strictly enforced. Offenders appear before the U.S. Magistrate and attend drivers’ training as directed, unless their offense allows payment of the fine by mail.

(2) Restraining devices (lap belts and shoulder belts when so equipped), when riding in any vehicle, on or off duty, on or off post, are mandatory. Children under the age of eight must be in a "specifically designed seat" which meets the current New York State Motor Vehicle safety standards. An appropriate child restraint system is one that meets the child's size and weight recommended by the manufacturer. Troop Straps will be utilized while transporting Soldiers in tactical vehicles. All Soldiers riding in the back of a tactical vehicle will wear an ACH at all times and when operating or riding in a tactical vehicle in the training areas.

(3) All government personnel (military and civilian) desiring to operate a motorcycle or moped on Fort Drum, Fort Polk, or any other government installation, must satisfactorily complete the Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF) course. Rider and passenger must wear mandatory safety equipment while operating motorcycle, moped, or ATV on or off DOD installations. All riders must wear a Department of Transportation (DOT) approved helmet properly fastened under the chin, eye protection, full-fingered gloves, long trousers, long sleeved shirt or jacket, over-the-ankle shoes or boots, and a high visibility reflector garment or device (the reflective safety belt used for PT is acceptable).

(4) Bicyclists and individuals using roller blades are required to wear helmets and either a reflective belt or vest.

(5) Under no circumstances will Soldiers transport personnel in the rear of pick-up trucks that do not have a cap (camper shell); it is highly encouraged not to transport personnel in the rear of pick-up trucks with a camper shell.

c. Drugs. Possession of any controlled non-prescription substance or use of prescription drugs intended for another person, and “Spice” is against the law. Spice is defined as a chemical augmented herbal substance marketed under a number of commercial names (including, but not limited to, “Spice”, “Genie”, “K2”, “Spice Diamond”, “Spice Gold”, “Spice Silver”, “Yucatan Fire”, and/or “Zohai”) for intended purpose of being ingested, smoked, inhaled, burnt in order to inhale the smoke thereby produced, or otherwise consumed. The division runs an active drug and alcohol program, and Soldiers will have random urinalysis testing. Possession or use of drugs is a violation of the UCMJ and State and local laws.

d. Use of Tobacco. Smoking, dipping, and chewing are prohibited in the work place, military vehicles, aircraft, or during physical training (except in designated areas). No smoking is authorized within 50ft from any entrance or exit to all buildings. Smoking and walking in uniform is not authorized.

e. Alcohol Usage and Laws. Soldiers are required to comply and conduct themselves accordingly while drinking alcohol.

(1) Prohibited Acts. Except as authorized by the first Colonel Level Commander, 10th Mountain Division, Soldiers will not consume beverages containing alcohol during duty hours and/or report to scheduled training with a blood alcohol level of .05 percent (milliliters of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood) or above. Nothing in this pamphlet should be interpreted to mean that impairment does not exist if the blood alcohol level is less than .05 percent. Additionally, to be in violation of this, the Soldier must have known that he or she had duties to perform.

(2) Do not operate motor vehicles while intoxicated. The New York and Louisiana State law for Driving While Ability Impaired (DWAI) are .05 to .07 percent and Driving While Intoxicated is .08 percent or higher. Offenders receive a memorandum of reprimand from the Commanding General that may be filed in their Official Military Personnel File (OMPF), and their installation driving privileges are suspended immediately for 1 year.

(3) Age Requirements. In accordance with state laws, Fort Drum and Fort Polk policy, alcoholic beverages will not be sold or served to persons who have not reached the age of 21 years.

(4) Do not sell, transport, consume, possess, introduce, or offer to others alcoholic beverages in any of the following areas:

(a) Army aircraft or vehicles.

(b) Theaters.

(c) Camp or bivouac areas except when specifically authorized by the first Colonel Level Commander in conjunction with a unit party and in accordance with guidance provided with such authorization. The appropriate first Colonel Level Commander is the approving authority.

(d) Transporting alcohol in privately owned vehicles, with the exception of unopened beverage containers being transported directly from the place of purchase to private quarters or to open places of entertainment authorized by the Unit or Installation Commander, is prohibited. Open alcoholic beverage containers may not be transported or consumed in the passenger compartment of a motor vehicle.

(e) Dining facility, except when specifically authorized by the first Colonel Level Commander and in accordance with guidance provided with such authorization.

(5) Any Soldier involved in an alcohol-related incident will be command referred to the Army Substance Abuse Program (ASAP) within 72 hours of the offense.

f. Firearms and Prohibited Items. All Soldiers and Family members are required to comply with the following concerning the use and storage of firearms:

(1) Mandatory Registration of all privately owned firearms maintained or used on post with the Provost Marshal Office. You must license all handguns with the State of New York or Louisiana. Until licensed, store all handguns in unit arms rooms or with registered off-post firearm dealers. Do not store privately owned firearms in troop billets.

(2) It is unlawful to store, transport, use, or possess privately owned firearms, weapons, and ammunition except:

(a) In a unit arms room, Family quarters, or Bachelor Officer/Enlisted Quarters.

(b) When engaged in sporting activities, such as hunting and target shooting, at locations authorized by the Garrison Commander.

(c) When transporting privately owned firearms, weapons or ammunition between places of use, possession, or storage, as authorized by the unit or Garrison Commander.

(d) It is unlawful to transport, or cause to be transported, any loaded privately owned firearm.

(e) It is unlawful to possess military ammunition, including blank ammunition, except as authorized by the unit or Garrison Commander.

(f) It is unlawful to carry concealed or openly displayed about your person any bowie knife, dirk, dagger, slingshot, loaded cane, metallic knuckles, razor, shuriken, stun gun, pistol, gun, or other deadly weapon of like kind. This does not apply to an ordinary pocketknife carried in a closed position. “Ordinary pocket knife” means a small knife having a cutting edge of no more than 3 inches in length, designed for carrying in a pocket or purse, which has its cutting edge and point entirely closed by its handle, and that may not be opened by a throwing, explosive, or spring action. This prohibition does not apply to the following persons:

(g) Persons carrying military, hunting or fishing knives, either fixed blade or folding, and being used in conjunction with authorized hunting, fishing, military training, or field exercises.

(h) Division personnel acting under orders requiring them to carry arms and weapons.

(i) Persons legally carrying a handgun, when not concealed, and being used in conjunction with authorized hunting or target shooting in authorized areas.

(j) It is unlawful to possess “blackjacks”, “slappers”, riot clubs, night sticks, lead or iron pipes, rubber or plastic hoses wrapped with tape or filled with sand, lead, buckshot, or any other material, or any similar devices, except when specifically authorized by the unit or Garrison Commander for duty, officials, or guards in performing police duties or guard duty.

(k) It is unlawful to use or possess nunchakus, stars, shurikens, or other martial arts related weapons outside training/exhibition areas unless authorized by the unit or Garrison Commander.

(l) It is unlawful to conceal on the person or within his immediate reach razors, ice picks, screwdrivers, or similar devices and tools to use as weapons.

(m) It is unlawful to use or possess pyrotechnics, grenades (including smoke), or other explosive of any type except when authorized by the unit or Garrison Commander for use in conjunction with approved military training.

(n) It is unlawful to use or possess mace or any other commercial or homemade device designed to disperse a chemical agent for the primary purpose of incapacitating another, except when authorized in writing from the commander of the company, troop, or battery to which they are assigned.

(o) It is unlawful to possess bolt cutters, crow bars, wrecking bars or tools which could be used to gain entry into a secured area, room, or wall locker except for those items which would normally be used in individual maintenance of an automobile or motorcycle and are secured in a POV/motorcycle, Family quarters, or Bachelor Officer/Enlisted Quarters.

(p) The use of BB/pellet rifles, BB/pellet pistols, slingshots, spear guns, or other missile throwing devices, except at locations specifically designated by the Garrison Commander for authorized hunting or proficiency training is prohibited on Fort Drum and Fort Polk.

(q) Willful violation of the above items is punishable under the UCMJ and applicable civil laws if violation occurred off the installation.
15. Soldier Readiness Checks (SRC)

SRC will be scheduled prior to deployment. All Soldiers are expected to be ready to deploy with little advance notice. To meet this demand, all Soldiers must keep the following items current at all times:

a. ID Card. Must be carried, correct, and serviceable at all times. Report problems with ID cards (loss, damage) to your orderly room immediately. Alterations to your ID card are punishable under the UCMJ.

b. ID Tags. All Soldiers will possess two identification tags on long and short chains. For wear, see paragraph 9.o.

c. Servicemembers’ Group Life Insurance (SGLI) and Emergency Data. Correct emergency data records as soon as a change occurs or within 30 days of change. The most common causes of change are marriage, divorce, and birth of children, relocation of Family members, and changes in beneficiaries, or their addresses. Report all changes to your first line leader immediately in order to schedule and update with the appropriate agency.

d. Will and Power of Attorney (POA). Wills and powers of attorney must be kept current and correct. If you need or want to change a will or power of attorney, contact the Legal Assistance office on your installation.

e. Family Readiness Groups (FRG). AR 600–20, paragraph 5-10, establishes the requirement for Family Readiness Groups. Ensure your Soldiers and Family members, whether they reside at Fort Drum or Fort Polk, are aware of your unit's Family Readiness Group. These groups provide vital support and services to members while you are deployed. You are responsible for ensuring the needs of your Family members are met in the event of a short or no notice deployment. For more information, contact your chain of command.

f. Dental. Soldiers are required to have annual dental checks to stay deployable. Any dental condition likely to cause a dental emergency (Category 3) must be treated to make the Soldier deployable.

g. Medical. Soldiers are required to maintain their medical readiness. Soldiers must ensure items such as eye exams, audiology, and periodic physicals are maintained. Leaders must ensure Soldiers maintain at least two pair of eyeglasses and protective mask inserts at all times. These are required during the unit SRC process. Soldiers who possess permanent profiles (P3 or higher) are considered non-deployable therefore must appear before a MOS Medical Review Board (MMRB).

16. Military Courtesy

Various forms of courtesy have become military customs and traditions. It is important to render a proper hand salute and greeting of the day.

a. Saluting. The exchange of a salute is one of the oldest traditions in the military and a visible sign of good discipline and mutual respect.

(1) Saluting Senior Officers. Salutes and salutations (greetings) are rendered by enlisted personnel to officers and by junior officers to seniors. All Soldiers render the salute unless it would be impractical (e.g., arms full of packages) and exchange verbal greetings, the unit motto or “Climb to Glory” followed by “Sir” or “Ma’am” as appropriate. The return greeting is the unit motto or “To the Top!” Hand salute should be rendered when you recognize the officer regardless if you or the officer is in uniform or civilian clothes (Courtesy!)

(2) In the Field. Saluting is mandatory during training exercises following the same rules as in garrison.

(3) Senior Officer Staff Cars. Be alert for Generals and other senior officers’ vehicles identified by a red plate depicting their rank and headlights on. You must render a salute to these officers as they pass.

(4) Greetings are rendered by enlisted personnel to Non-Commissioned Officers. All Soldiers exchange verbal greetings, the unit motto or “Climb to Glory” followed by rank (“Sergeant Major, Sergeant” as appropriate). The return greeting is the unit motto or “To the Top!” Greetings should be rendered when you recognize the NCO regardless if you or the NCO is in uniform or civilian clothes.

(5) Reveille. Played at 0600 daily. When outside, in IPFU or duty uniform and not in formation, face the flag or music and render a salute on the first note. Remain at “present arms” until the last note has been played. In civilian clothes, stand at “Attention” and place the right hand over the heart (or headgear over the left shoulder if worn) until the last note is played.

(6) Retreat/To the Colors. Played at 1700 daily. This tradition is celebrated in two distinct parts; the bugle call of “Retreat” followed by “To the Colors.” When outside, in IPFU or duty uniform and not in formation, face toward the Colors or music and assume the position of “Attention” on the first note of Retreat. Remain at this position and render the hand salute on the first note of “To the Colors.” In civilian clothes, stand at “Attention” during “Retreat” and place the right hand over the heart (or headgear over the left shoulder if worn) on the first note of “To the Colors.”

(7) National Anthem. When outside, in IPFU or duty uniform and not in formation, face toward the Colors or music, assume the position of “Attention,” and render the hand salute on the first note of the music. (All veterans are authorized to render hand salute when the National Anthem is being played). In civilian clothes, stand at “Attention” and place the right hand over the heart (or headgear over the left shoulder if worn) or render the hand salute on the first note.

(8) Marching. Soldiers moving in groups of three or more will march IAW TC 3-21.5.

NOTE: When any of the ceremonial songs above are played/heard, all vehicles in the area will stop, drivers will remain behind the wheel, passengers dismount the vehicle, and render the proper courtesy. Civilians are expected to place their right hand over their hearts.

b. Customs and Courtesy.

(1) The first Soldier to sight an officer who is higher in rank than an officer present in the room should call “Attention.” When a more senior noncommissioned officer enters a room/area where no officer is present; they call “At Ease.” Examples are unit headquarters, orderly rooms, supply rooms, dayrooms, squad rooms, and hallways. The senior Soldier present in the area should then report to the visitor (example: SGT Jones, NCOIC of the motor pool, reports). In smaller rooms, containing one or two Soldiers, the Soldier(s) should rise and stand at the position of attention when an officer enters the room.

(2) In large work areas such as offices, shops, hangars, and medical treatment facilities, especially with civilians present, personnel can remain working but the senior Soldier will report to the visiting officer.

(3) Tactical Operations Centers (TOCs) and Dining Facilities. The first person sighting an officer senior in rank to the unit commander or senior to those present in the TOC or dining facility should call “At ease” so that the officer’s presence is known and necessary action can be taken. The Soldiers should fall silent but continue to work or eat. The OIC or NCOIC should report to the officer.

(4) During Conversations. All Soldiers, officer or enlisted, come to the position of attention facing a senior officer when spoken to in an official capacity. Normally the senior officer will direct “At ease” or “Carry on” if the situation merits. At other times, such as during the conduct of routine business or informal conversation, a junior officer or enlisted Soldier should face the superior officer and be at “Attention.” When an enlisted Soldier is speaking to a noncommissioned officer, the Soldier stands at “Parade Rest” unless otherwise directed by the NCO. A subordinate will stand when spoken to by someone senior in rank, unless the superior directs otherwise. When walking with a senior Soldier, the junior Soldier walks to the senior’s left side.

(5) When an officer approaches Soldiers in a formation outdoors, the person in charge calls, “Attention,” and renders a salute for the entire group. When an officer senior in rank approaches a group of individuals not in formation, the first person sighting the officer calls, “Attention,” and everyone in the group faces the officer and renders a salute with the appropriate greeting. Soldiers working as part of the detail or participating in some other group activity such as athletics do not salute. The person in charge, if not actively engaged, salutes for the entire detail or a group of Soldiers. While running in a PT formation, the senior Soldier in charge of the running formation will sound off with ”Climb to Glory” Sir or Ma’am.

17. Single Soldier Barracks Policy

Commanders are responsible for good order and discipline, as well as the health and welfare of all their Soldiers. Platoon Sergeants or above will physically inspect activities at single Soldier housing prior to and after 0001 daily and log their findings with the BN SDO/SDNCO.

a. Room Standards. Soldiers may arrange and decorate their rooms within the limits of good taste and IAW with Army Values. Rooms must comply with health and safety regulations. Soldiers may use civilian furniture. Soldiers may have and use microwave ovens, telephones, civilian blankets, and other comforts. Barracks residents are responsible for maintaining common-use areas. Remember the barracks will be inspected routinely by your leader.

b. Visitation. Soldiers living in the barracks may have visitors of either sex. Visitors must be at least 18 years of age. Roommates must establish ground rules for visits and both agree to who may visit. Soldiers must escort their visitors at all times. Soldiers are responsible for the actions of their visitors, and unescorted visitors will be removed from the installation when appropriate. Visitation remains a privilege and may be discontinued for reasons of discipline or military necessity, e.g., deployment. No visitors are allowed in the barracks from 0001-0759. Violation of visitation hours is disobeying a General Order and is subject to punishment under UCMJ.

c. Alcohol. Only Soldiers who are 21 years of age or older may possess or drink alcohol in the barracks. Every Soldier who drinks alcohol is urged to do so responsibly.

18. Assistance Organizations

If you have a problem, any problem you cannot resolve, do not keep it to yourself. There are many people who are interested in helping you and your Family. The first person you should contact is your immediate supervisor. He or she is very interested in helping you and is available 24 hours a day. Use your chain of command.

a. Army Community Services (ACS). ACS are ready to provide information, assistance, and guidance on such varied subjects as financial planning, food stamps/Women Infants and Children (WIC) eligibility, relocation, Exceptional Family Member Assistance/advocacy, domestic violence prevention, stress and anger management, parenting, speaking and writing English, and completing a high school education. ACS also maintains a loan closet for newly arrived Soldiers and Family members awaiting household goods, and provides baby bundles for newborn infants of junior enlisted Soldiers. Army Emergency Relief (AER) is located with ACS.

b. Legal Assistance. You can get free legal advice on civil-legal matters (contracts, wills, insurance, leases, separation agreements, and powers of attorney) from the Division Legal Assistance Office. You should call for an appointment at 772-7545 on Fort Drum and 531-2580 on Fort Polk or your local legal office. This advice is also available to your Family members and retirees. The Staff Judge Advocate’s Office is available for filing of claims such as for household goods. Claims and Legal Assistance are located in Clark Hall, on Fort Drum and in building 1454 on Fort Polk.

c. American Red Cross. Located on Fort Drum in Clark Hall; the phone number is 772-6561. Located on Fort Polk in building 3504; the phone number is 351-2041. Emergency services are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The Red Cross provides military personnel and their Family members with counseling, emergency notifications and financial assistance due to an emergency.

d. Chaplain. Your unit chaplain is always available to you for spiritual or Family counseling. A duty chaplain is on call at all times. Call MOC at 772-6324 or Garrison SDO at 772-5647 to contact Staff Duty Chaplain during off-duty hours, on Fort Drum. The duty chaplain at Fort Polk can be reached at 337-208-2868 24 hours a day.

e. Education Center. The Fort Drum Education Center (phone 772-6878) is located in building P-4300. The Fort Polk Education Division (phone 531-7815/5517) is located in building 660. The mission of the Education Center is to support the Army Continuing Education System by building professionalism, encouraging self-improvement, and serving each individual at his/her academic level of need. Some programs are the eArmyU Program and Functional Aptitude Skills training. Contact your unit leadership for further questions.

f. Behavioral Health Services. Behavioral Health is located in building P36. The Fort Drum Behavioral Health Department in conjunction with the Fort Drum/Samaritan Behavioral Health Clinic provides comprehensive mental health services, i.e., psychiatry, psychology, social work service, and substance abuse/dependence services for all Active Duty Soldiers.

(1) After 9:00 PM: Samaritan Medical Center Emergency Department (315) 785-4100.

(2) Fort Drum 24 Hours Crisis line: (315) 785-4516.

(3) On Fort Polk Behavior Health Service can be reached at 1-877-298-3514 during duty hours and through the Bayne-Jones Army Community Hospital 24/7 Emergency Service Center after duty hours at 1-877-272-7337.

(4) National Suicide Prevention Hotline: 1-800-273-8255.

(5) 24/7 help source: www.armyonesource.com or 1-800-342-9647 for help anytime/anywhere.

19. Inspector General Assistance

a. It is every Soldier’s right to seek the advice of the Inspector General (IG) concerning requests for assistance, complaints, or grievances that have not been resolved by the chain of command. The Division IG at Fort Drum is located in Clark Hall, phone 772-5492. The IG office at Fort Polk is located in Bldg. 1943, phone 531-2100.

b. Remember, you must first have permission to be absent from your place of duty if you choose to visit the Division IG during duty hours.

c. You are encouraged to use your chain of command first. More often than not, they can and will resolve any matter that concerns you.

20. Open Door Policy

If you have a problem your first-line supervisor cannot solve, go see the next higher leader or commander. Every commander from the Commanding General down to company/detachment commanders within the division has an open door policy. Commanders are available to their Soldiers at all times. All Soldiers are free to use open door policy at any level after first notifying their chain of command of their intent to seek open door policy. They do not have to state the reason for seeking to use the open door policy. Soldiers can also use the Dial a Boss (or CG’s Hotline). The CGs Hotline is for Soldiers, Family members or Civilians who feel that they have exhausted their chain-of-command options and resources to solve problems and issue. Fort Drum offers a 24-hour hot-line, phone (315) 772-6666. At both Fort Drum and Fort Polk, the Commanding Generals ask that all enlisted open door policy issues be directed to their Command Sergeants Major first.

21. Relationships between Soldiers of different Rank. AR 600–20 (Army Command Policy) governs fraternization. Relationships between Soldiers of different rank that involve or give the appearance of partiality/preferential treatment or result in improper personal gain are prohibited.

22. Sexual Harassment / Assault Response Prevention (SHARP)

All Soldiers have the right to be treated fairly without regard to their sex, race, religion, or ethnic background. This includes not being sexually harassed. Sexual harassment is defined as any Soldier or Civilian employee who through behavior of a sexual nature attempts to control, influence, or affect the career, pay, or job of a Soldier or Civilian employee, or make deliberate or repeated verbal comments or gestures of a sexual nature that are offensive to the person to whom addressed, or makes abusive physical contact of a sexual nature. The law generally defines ‘sexual assault’ as actual or attempted rape, sexual assault, and aggravated or abusive sexual contact, using the threat of force or bodily harm, actual force or bodily harm, through fraudulent misrepresentation, by wrongful inducement through concealment or pretense, or when the victim is asleep, impaired by drugs or intoxicants, or suffers from a mental disease or defect that is or should have been known to the abuser. Sexual assault can also include stalking, indecent viewing, visual recording, or broadcasting, forcible pandering, and indecent exposure. Sexual harassment and assault can occur without regard to gender, spousal status, marital status (to include same-sex partners), military rank or position, or age of the victim or subject. The policy of the Army is that sexual harassment and sexual assault is unacceptable conduct and will not be tolerated. Army leadership at all levels will be committed to creating and maintaining an environment conducive to maximum productivity and respect for human dignity. Sexual harassment and assault destroys teamwork and negatively affects combat readiness. The Army bases its success on mission accomplishment. Successful mission accomplishment can be achieved only in an environment free of sexual harassment and sexual assault for all personnel. Leaders set the standard for Soldiers and DA Civilians to follow.

a. Military Complaint Process for Sexual Harassment:

(1) Informal Complaint: Complainant does not wish to file in writing with a SHARP representative.

(2) Formal Complaint: Complainant files in writing and swears to the accuracy of the information with a SARC/SHARP.

b. Some Points to Consider:

(1) Sexual harassment is punishable under UCMJ.

(2) Anybody can do it; anyone can be a victim.

(3) It can happen anywhere, not just in the workplace.

(4) Don’t keep asking a person for a date after you are told no.

(5) Don’t use obscene or dirty language, gestures, or cadence calls.

(6) Treat people with respect.

(7) If you think it is wrong, it probably is.

(8) Don’t display sexually offensive material in the workplace, to include your vehicle.

(9) If they are unconscious or intoxicated, they can’t give consent-STOP!

c. Commanders. Commanders at all levels are reminded that sexual harassment and assault incidents are sensitive issues and must be addressed immediately and with care. The ONLY Commanders that can enforce SHARP related punishments are O-6 level and higher. Fort Drum Law Enforcement has well-established procedures for the investigation and immediate social work intervention of sexual assault incidents. Commanders should call their Brigade SARC (Sexual Assault Response Coordinators), the Division SHARP team at (315)774-2728 or call Fort Drum CID at (315)772-5417 for more in-depth information. At Fort Polk the SHARP team can be reached on a 24hr hotline at 337-531-1848 or call Fort Polk, CID at 337- 531-7182.

d. Division Sexual Assault Reporting Process: **If anyone is a victim of Sexual Assault or encounters someone that has been a victim, call the 10th MTN DIV (LI) 24/7 Sexual Assault Hotline at (315)767-6128, or the DoD Safe Helpline at 1(877)995-5247, or follow these steps below:

(1) Restricted Reporting. A Service Member or their dependents who are 18 years of age or older, who is sexually assaulted and desires medical care, counseling, and victim advocacy, without initiating the investigative process should use the restrictive reporting option. Restricted reporting allows a sexual assault victim to confidentially disclose the details of his/her assault to specifically identified individuals and receive medical treatment and counseling, without triggering the official investigative process. Restricted reporting is intended to give victims additional time and increased control over the release and management of their personal information, and to empower them to seek relevant information and support to make more informed decisions about participating in the criminal investigation. A victim who receives appropriate care and treatment, and is provided an opportunity to make an informed decision about a criminal investigation is more likely to develop increased trust that his/her needs are of primary concern to the command and may eventually decide to pursue an investigation. Even if the victim chooses not to pursue an official investigation, this additional reporting avenue gives commanders a clearer picture of the sexual violence within their command, and enhances a commander’s ability to provide an environment that is safe and contributes to the well-being and mission-readiness of all of its members.

(2) Unrestricted Reporting. A Service Member or their dependents who are 18 years of age or older who is sexually assaulted and desires medical treatment, counseling and an official investigation of his/her allegation should use current reporting channels, for example, chain of command, law enforcement or report the incident to the SARC. Upon notification of a reported sexual assault, the SARC will immediately assign a Victim Advocate, and has access to a legal representation by the Special Victim Counselor. Healthcare providers will, with the consent of the victim, initiate the appropriate care and treatment, and report the sexual assault to law enforcement or the chain of command. Additionally, at the victim’s discretion/request, the healthcare provider will conduct a forensic medical examination, which may include the collection of evidence. Details regarding the incident will be limited to only those personnel who have a legitimate need to know.

23. Hazing

The Army is a values-based organization where everyone is encouraged to do what is right by treating others as they should be treated—with dignity and respect. Hazing is fundamentally in opposition to our values and is prohibited.

a. Definition. IAW AR 600–20: Hazing is defined as any conduct whereby one military member or employee, regardless of Service or rank, unnecessarily causes another military member or employee, regardless of Service or rank, to suffer or be exposed to an activity that is cruel, abusive, oppressive, or harmful.

(1) Hazing includes, but is not limited, to any form of initiation "rite of passage" or congratulatory act that involves: physically striking another in order to inflict pain; piercing another’s skin in any manner; forcing or requiring the consumption of food, alcohol, drugs, or other substances; or encouraging another to engage in illegal, harmful, demeaning or dangerous acts. Soliciting or coercing another to participate in any such activity is also considered hazing. Hazing need not involve physical contact among or between military members or employees; it can be verbal or psychological in nature.

(2) When authorized by the chain of command and not unnecessarily cruel, abusive, oppressive, or harmful, the following activities do not constitute hazing:

(a) The physical and mental hardships associated with operations or operational training.

(b) Administrative corrective measures, including verbal reprimands and a reasonable number of repetitions of authorized physical exercises.

(c) Extra military instruction or training.

(d) Physical training (PT) or remedial PT.

(e) Other similar activities.

(3) Whether or not such actions constitute hazing, they may be inappropriate or violate relevant civilian personnel guidance, depending on the type of activities and the assigned duties of the employee involved.

b. Scope. Hazing is not limited to superior-subordinate relationships. It may occur between peers or even, under certain circumstances, may involve actions directed towards senior military personnel by those junior in rank or grade to them (for example, a training instructor hazing a student who is superior in rank). Hazing has at times occurred during graduation ceremonies or similar military "rites of passage." However, it may also happen in day-to-day military settings. It is prohibited in all cases, to include off-duty or "unofficial" celebrations or unit functions. Express or implied consent to hazing is not a defense to violation of this regulation.

c. Command Responsibilities. Enforcement of this policy is a responsibility of commanders at all levels. Commanders will devote particular attention to graduation or advancement ceremonies as well as other occasions or settings that might put Soldiers at risk for voluntary or involuntary hazing. These situations will be supervised properly, respectful of all participants, perpetuate the best of the traditions that the Army embraces, and leave all participants and spectators feeling proud to be a member of or associated with the U.S. Army.

d. Command Options. This paragraph is punitive with regards to Soldiers. Violators of this policy may be subject to UCMJ, ART. 92 (Failure to obey a lawful general order or regulation). Other applicable UCMJ articles include UCMJ, ART. 80 (Attempts), UCMJ, ART. 81 (Conspiracy), UCMJ, ART. 93 (Cruelty and maltreatment), UCMJ, ART. 124 (Maiming), UCMJ, ART. 128 (Assault), UCMJ, ART. 133 (Conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman), and

UCMJ, ART. 134 (Drunk and disorderly conduct, and/or Soliciting another to commit an offense). Civilian employees who violate this policy may also be subject to adverse action or discipline in accordance with applicable laws and regulations. Commanders should seek the advice and counsel of their legal advisor when taking actions pursuant to this paragraph.

24. Safety


TIER #1. Individual Soldier. Each Soldier has the responsibility to prevent accidents and “stop” action until the safety problem is fixed.

TIER #2. Buddy System. Assign every Soldier to a Mountain buddy who has the responsibility and authority to look out for his/her buddy.

TIER #3. Leader. Leaders must be experts at risk assessment and management and take positive steps to mitigate risks and counsel subordinates on safety frequently.

a. Composite Risk Management (CRM): CRM is a decision making process used to mitigate risks associated with all hazards that have the potential to injure or kill personnel, damage or destroy equipment, or otherwise impact mission effectiveness.

CRM is a five-step process:

  • Step 1 – Identify hazards.

  • Step 2 – Assess hazards to determine risk.

  • Step 3 – Develop controls and make risk decisions.

  • Step 4 – Implement controls.

  • Step 5 – Supervise and evaluate.

Steps 1 and 2 are assessment steps, steps 3 through 5 are management steps.

b. Fort Drum Off Limit Areas. All training areas (generally east of Route 26), firing ranges, and impact areas are off limits to POVs unless the Combat Readiness Training Division (CRTD) grants permission. Coordinate with CRTD in building T-4855, 772-7152, before driving your POV in these areas. Fort Polk commander will designate and disseminate their post off limit areas.

(1) New York Route 3A is off-limits to all tactical military vehicles. Military vehicles will be permitted to cross Route 3A only at the two approved crossing sites (at the R/R tracks VP 485757 and at Lake School Road VP 522757). Emergency, safety, EOD, and engineer vehicles on official duty are exempt from this restriction.

(2) All water areas within and adjacent to Fort Drum are off limits for swimming except Remington Pond and approved public swimming areas which have lifeguards on duty. The portion of the Black River that borders Fort Drum is off limits for all recreational activity except fishing from the banks. The portion of the Deer River that runs from the hamlet of Deer River on Route 26 to the village of Copenhagen, referred to as “Kings Falls/High Gorge,” is off limits for all recreational activity.

c. Seat Belts. Fort Drum regulation and New York State law require the use of installed seat belts for all personnel in a moving vehicle. Children under the age of eight must be in a “specifically designed seat” which meets the current Federal Motor Vehicle safety standards.

d. Headlights. New York State law requires you to turn on your vehicle’s headlights whenever the weather conditions would ordinarily require the use of windshield wipers to clear rain, snow, sleet, and other precipitation. Daytime running lights do not qualify as headlights. Tactical vehicle drivers will keep low beam lights on at all times when on public roadways on/off military installations (sunrise to sunset) hours.

e. Cell Phones. The use of cell phone/texting while operating a motor vehicle is prohibited by New York State Law unless using a hands-free system.

f. Motorcycle Safety. Before operating any motorcycle on or off post/on or off duty, DOD personnel must successfully complete an approved rider or operator safety course.

g. Travel Risk Planning System (TRiPS) POV Composite Risk Assessment Tool. This tool is intended to be completed for all planned trips outside the immediate local area when you are going on leave, pass, or TDY and will be operating a motor vehicle. First Line Leaders (NCO) will ensure this is completed and Soldiers are briefed on POV safety. This tool can be found on the Combat Readiness Center web site at https://crc.army.mil.

h. POV Winter Safety. During the winter months, it is recommended that your POV contain a warning kit, flares, blanket, shovel, and extra warm clothes, and your vehicle will have at least 1/4 tank of fuel.

i. Tactical Vehicle Safety. Soldier safety is paramount, therefore all Soldiers driving or riding in any tactical vehicle must wear the ACH when on or off the installation. In all Tactical Vehicles, Soldiers will wear seatbelts and use troop straps during troop transport.

j. Bicycle Safety. Bicycle helmets and a reflective safety belt are required for all personnel on Fort Drum. In accordance with New York State law, children under the age of 14 will wear helmets while riding bicycles anywhere in the State of New York.

25. Physical Training

a. PT Hours. PT will occur from 0700-0830. PT prior to 0700 is permitted with Battalion Commander approval, written risk assessment and route plan provided to the DES/MP Desk (if road movement is required).

b. Outdoor PT. 10th Mountain Soldiers are the toughest of any division in our Army. Our standard is to conduct some portion of PT outdoors every day. Division Headquarters will rarely cancel PT due to weather except in conditions of extreme road icing, heavy rain, dense fog, whiteout or temperatures below -20 degrees. During extreme heat or cold, commanders will adjust uniform, tasks, intensity and duration to ensure safety and prevent injury. PT at temperatures down to -15 (ambient or wind chill) is considered low risk so long as the company commander enforces uniform guidance found in appendix G. PT at temperatures at or below

-16 is considered medium risk so long as the battalion commander enforces uniform guidance found in appendix G.

c. Individual PT. Only First Sergeants, Sergeants Major and Commanders are authorized to conduct individual PT. Individuals conducting PT on any non-standard PT route are required to have a “Mountain Buddy” and reflective safety belt. Non-standard routes are those NOT depicted as authorized run routes on the Official Fort Drum or Wheeler Sack Airfield PT Running Routes (see appendix H).

d. Gasoline Alley (Oneida/Ontario) Crossing. Tigris River Valley Road is the safest and preferred PT/Foot march crossing point between North and South Post. If crossing elsewhere, leaders will take steps to ensure a safe crossing.
26. Leader Book

a. A leader book will be maintained and carried by all leaders that are SSG, SGT, and CPL. All leaders are encouraged to have a leader book for quick reference information on their Soldiers and equipment.

b. Leaders are responsible for providing training assessments to the chain of command on their Soldiers and Units. The leader book is a tool for the NCO to maintain up-to-date, easy-to- reference information on Soldiers, training status, maintenance status and equipment accountability. Commanders use these assessments to make training decisions.

c. The exact composition of a leader book varies depending on the mission and type of unit. There are many versions of the leader book both in official Army publications and on the commercial market. The leader book can be digital or hard copy but must have the privacy act statement to ensure Soldiers understand that leaders have personal information. The organization of the leader book is up to each individual leader. To be effective they must be well organized and "user friendly." Only essential training information should be in the leader book. FM 7-22.7, The Army Noncommissioned Officer Guide, appendix C has an example of pages for a leader book. Units may already have an example leader book for their Soldiers to carry.

27. Environment

Protecting our environment is everyone's responsibility. All Soldiers must know what they can and cannot do. Hazardous spills severely impact our environment. This includes battery acid, paints, thinners, solvents, pesticides, petroleum products, oils, and lubricants (POL). Do not change the oil in your POV or Army vehicle and let it soak into the ground. Be sure to report all spills of hazardous materials. These offenses can result in prosecution as a Federal offense. Fines can start at $10,000 per day, and prison sentences are possible.

28. Closing

We are honored to have you in the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry). Serve the nation proudly and honorably. Conscientiously apply yourself to your mission, follow these standards, live the Army Values and Soldiers’ Creed and you will find the 10th Mountain Division (LI) and Fort Drum a great place to soldier.

Appendix A

Division History

10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) History
The 10th Light Division was constituted on July 10, 1943, and activated on July 15, at Camp Hale, Colorado. After extensive winter and mountain warfare training, the Division moved to Camp Swift, Texas, for additional combat training. The 10th Light Division was re-designated the 10th Mountain Division on November 6, 1944 and was deployed to the Italian theater soon thereafter. By January 1945, the division was executing combat operations in northern Italy. During these operations, the 10th Mountain Division seized German positions on Riva Ridge and Mt. Belvedere, breaking through the German mountain defenses into the Po River Valley and reaching the northern end of Lake Garda by the war’s end. On April 14, Private First Class John D. Magrath performed the combat actions that would make him the division's first Soldier to earn the Medal of Honor. During nearly five months of intense ground combat in Italy, the division was opposed by 100,000 German troops, yet effectively destroyed five German divisions, unhinging the German defense in Italy and drawing German forces away from other theaters. The division sustained nearly 5,000 casualties during World War II, with 999 Soldiers killed in action.
Following the German surrender, the 10th Mountain Division deployed with troops from Yugoslavia to the Italian border near Trieste, in support of Mission UDINE. After redeploying, the division was inactivated on November 30, 1945, at Camp Carson, Colorado. However, to meet the Army's requirements to train large numbers of replacements, the 10th Infantry Division was reactivated as a training division on July 1, 1948, at Fort Riley, Kansas. In January 1954, the Department of the Army announced the 10th Infantry Division would become a combat infantry division with rotations to Europe. Stretched in an arc from Frankfurt to Nuremburg, the 10th occupied a strategic center position in the NATO defense forces until replaced in 1958 by the 3rd Infantry Division in Germany. The division was inactivated at Fort Benning, Georgia, on June 14, 1958.
The modern 10th Mountain Division was reactivated at Fort Drum, New York, on February 13, 1985, as one of the U.S. Army’s new "light infantry” divisions. It was designed to meet a wide range of worldwide missions, adding a new dimension to the strategic mobility of the Armed Forces. The division's rapid mobility enabled the arrival of troops in a crisis area before conflict began and demonstrated U.S. resolve and capability. The 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) was designed to reassure friends and allies while deterring adversaries, even as the division executed normal training activities in the United States.
Although the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) did not deploy to Southwest Asia as a unit, approximately 1,200 division Soldiers deployed to Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm in support of the 24th Mechanized Infantry Division in Iraq. The largest unit to deploy was the 548th Supply and Services Battalion with approximately 1,000 Soldiers. After Hurricane Andrew struck south Florida on August 24, 1992, the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) assumed responsibility for providing disaster relief as Task Force Mountain. Division Soldiers set up relief camps; distributed food, clothing, medical necessities, and building supplies; and helped rebuild homes and clear debris.
On December 3, 1992, the division headquarters was designated the headquarters for all Army Forces (ARFOR) of the Unified Task Force (UNITAF) for Operation Restore Hope in Somalia. The division's mission was to secure major cities and roads to provide safe passage for relief supplies to the starving Somali population. On October 3, 1993, a 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) quick reaction force (TF 2-14 IN) secured the ground evacuation route for Special Operations Task Force Ranger during the Battle of Mogadishu. The Division next deployed as Multinational Force Haiti (MNF Haiti) and Joint Task Force 190 during Operation Uphold Democracy in 1994. When President Aristide returned to Haiti on October 15, 1994, his security was provided by the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry).
Between 1997 and 2001, the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) continued to support peacekeeping and peace enforcement operations around the world, serving with the Multinational Force and Observers in the Sinai Desert to monitor the peace treaty between Israel and Egypt. In the fall of 1998, the division received notice that it would serve as senior headquarters of Task Force Eagle, providing a peacekeeping force to support the ongoing operation within the Multi-National Division North areas of responsibility in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In 2001, the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) provided the first conventional combat forces to deploy in response to the September 11 attacks on the United States. Division Soldiers secured critical facilities in the U.S. and the Middle East as well as a key forward-operating base in Uzbekistan before deploying into Afghanistan as the first conventional force to reinforce special operations units on the ground. During Operation Anaconda in March 2002, elements of the division headquarters, commanded by MG F.L. “Buster” Hagenback, led more than 1,700 U.S. and 1,000 Afghan troops in fighting in the Shahi-Kot Valley. This force included the 3rd Brigade, 101st ABN DIV (AASLT), 2nd Brigade, 10th MTN DIV headquarters; 1st Battalion, 87th Infantry Regiment; 4th Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment and the 3rd Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry (3PPCLI). U.S. forces estimated 500 fighters were killed during the battle.
Elements from across the division returned to Afghanistan in 2003. The division headquarters, Commanded by MG Lloyd J. Austin III, assumed command of Coalition Joint Task Force 180, supervising fighting brigades throughout Afghanistan. The division's 1st Brigade joined other coalition forces conducting combat operations to eliminate remaining terrorist elements in the region and provide security and humanitarian relief efforts to the Afghan people. The 2nd Brigade provided forces as part of Task Force Phoenix to train the Afghan National Army. The 10th Combat Aviation Brigade deployed for the first time to Afghanistan, providing aviation support for all U.S. Army units operating in the country. During 2003, more than 6,000 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) Soldiers deployed in support of the war on terrorism.
In July 2004, only six months after returning from Afghanistan, the 2nd Brigade Combat Team deployed to Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. The brigade secured the contested areas of Western Baghdad for the January 31 national elections, preventing enemy attacks from disrupting the first Iraq’s first democratic election. Following the return of the division headquarters and 1st Brigade from Afghanistan, the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) began transforming into a modular division. The division officially transformed into a modular unit during a ceremony on September 13, 2004. As part of the ceremony, seven units were inactivated and 13 activated, including the 3d Brigade Combat Team. The 4th Brigade Combat Team was activated at Fort Polk, Louisiana, on January 16, 2005.
In August 2005, the 1st Brigade Combat Team deployed to western Baghdad, Iraq. The brigade was responsible for security during the October 15 constitutional referendum and the December 15 national election. The division headquarters, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, and two Battalion Task Forces from the 4th Brigade Combat Team deployed to Afghanistan in 2006. The division headquarters, Commanded by MG Benjamin C. Freakley assumed command of Combined Joint Task Force 76 and supervised operations to defeat enemy extremist movements, establish enduring security, and set conditions for long-term stability in Afghanistan. During 3d Brigade Combat Team's deployment, Soldiers executed four significant combat operations during 12 months in the Pech Valley, Kunar Province, Helmand Province, and throughout Eastern Afghanistan. While serving in Afghanistan, Staff Sergeant Jared C. Monti became the division's second Soldier to earn the Medal of Honor during combat operations in Nuristan Province on June 21, 2006.
The 2nd Brigade Combat Team again deployed to Iraq in August 2006, moving into an area known as the "Triangle of Death," for a 15-month deployment as a part of the surge in Iraq. In winter 2006, the 10th Combat Aviation Brigade deployed again to Afghanistan as the only aviation brigade in the theater, providing aviation support for ISAF forces throughout the country. The 10th Sustainment Brigade also deployed to Afghanistan during 2006. As a part of Task Force Muleskinner and the Joint Logistics Command, the brigade assumed the vital mission of tracking and coordinating the movement of supplies, equipment, and personnel throughout the region.

The 1st Brigade Combat Team returned to Iraq in 2007, conducting stability and security operations in Northern Iraq and training the Sons of Iraq to protect their neighborhoods from insurgent violence. In 2008, the 4th Brigade Combat Team deployed to Iraq and was involved with coordinating and fighting large-scale operations including Operation Phantom Phoenix. The headquarters of the 10th Mountain Division (LI) deployed to Iraq for the first time in April 2008. Commanded by MG Michael L. Oates, the division served as the command element for southern Baghdad until late March 2009, when it displaced to Basrah to coordinate security for Multinational Division South. In the fall of 2008, the 10th Combat Aviation Brigade and the 10th Sustainment Brigade also deployed to Iraq. The 10th Combat Aviation Brigade conducted personnel movements, re-supplies, air assaults, medical evacuations, security and attack operations in support of Multinational Division North. The 10th Sustainment Brigade orchestrated sustainment support for more than 140,000 Soldiers, Marines, and civilians.

In January 2009, the 3rd Brigade Combat Team deployed to Logar and Wardak provinces in Afghanistan, guarding the southern approaches to Kabul and bringing much-needed security to both provinces. The 2nd Brigade Combat Team completed another tour in Iraq from 2009-2010, during the transition from Operation Iraqi Freedom to Operation New Dawn. The 1st Brigade Combat Team deployed to Afghanistan in 2010, as a part of the surge, becoming the first U.S. Army brigade combat team to operate in Northern Afghanistan. Both the division headquarters and the 10th Combat Aviation Brigade again deployed to Afghanistan in 2010. The division headquarters, commanded by MG James L. Terry, assumed responsibility for Regional Command South from October 2010 to October 2011, while the 10th Combat Aviation Brigade and the 4th Brigade Combat Team conducted Joint Coalition operations in Regional Command East.
In the spring of 2011, the 3rd Brigade Combat Team deployed back to Regional Command South to quell the rising tension in the Zhari and Maiwand districts of Kandahar Province. The Brigade faced some of the most deeply rooted enemy 10th Mountain Soldiers had seen in over seven years. Through multiple combat operations south of Highway 1, the brigade successfully attacked through the “green zone” to the Arghandab River, forcing a wedge between insurgents and the Afghan population, which increased security and stability for the Kandahar region. As the Brigade Combat Teams began to redeploy, the 10th Sustainment Brigade assumed their forward operations from October 2011 to October 2012. This would be the last of the major Brigades that would deploy under a 12-month cycle as the Army transitioned to a 9-month deployment cycle.
In the fall of 2012, the Army designated two of the 10th Mountain Division’s Brigade Combat Teams to transition to a new form of combat operations. Brigade Combat Teams were task-organized to provide a smaller, combat advisor-focused element known as the Security Force Assistance Brigade (SFAB). The initial train-up concluded with the deployment of the 1/10 SFAB and 2/10 SFAB to Regional Command-East in January 2013, as the U.S. Army’s first SFAB units. The 10th Combat Aviation Brigade, 4/10 SFAB, and 3/10 SFAB also deployed to Regional Command-East in 2013.
In January 2014, the Division Headquarters and 10th Sustainment Brigade deployed once again to Afghanistan. On February 6, 2014, the division headquarters, commanded by MG Stephen J. Townsend, assumed command of Regional Command-East with the mission of bringing 13 years of Operation Enduring Freedom to a close.
The 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) continues its mission to provide trained and combat-ready forces for rapid global deployment in order to prevent, shape, or win in ground combat. The 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) is the trained and combat ready force of choice for rapid deployment.
Climb to Glory!

Appendix B

10th Mountain Division Shoulder Patch and Distinctive Unit Insignia

The 10th Mountain shoulder patch consists of a white-bordered powder keg. The powder keg is in blue, with two red bayonets crossed to form the Roman numeral “X,” or ten, superimposed on it are. The bayonets represent the Infantry and the numerical designation of the Division. The word "MOUNTAIN" is white on a blue tab affixed directly above the patch.

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Description. A gold color metal and enamel device 1 1/8th inches in height, consisting of a white mountain formed by five peaks above a blue wavy bar and crossed in front by two red bayonets points up; behind the mountain peaks, a glory of gold rays radiate from the center, enclosed by a gold scroll inscribed “CLIMB TO GLORY” in blue letters.

Symbolism. The White Mountain symbol and the blue wave represent the Division’s World War II combat history in the Northern Apennines and the Po Valley campaigns in Italy. The crossed bayonets are symbolic of wartime service and further suggest the Roman numeral X, the unit’s numerical designation. Scarlet is symbolic of courage and mortal danger; blue denotes steadfastness and loyalty. The gold is for excellence and white symbolic of mountaintops and high aspirations.

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Appendix C

Division Medal of Honor Awardees


In the shadow of Monte della Spe, on a hill that had no name, only a number—Hill 909 -- many men lost their lives on 14 April 1945, a day of incredible courage and carnage. PFC John D. Magrath, from East Norwalk, Connecticut, and assigned to Company G, Second Battalion, 85th Mountain Infantry Regiment, became the division’s first Medal of Honor recipient. Magrath’s company commander, CPT Otis Halvorson, was killed by machine-gun fire. LTs Dalton Clark, John Clayton, and Jay Tenebaum, also of Company G, were wounded. Shortly after the company had crossed the line of departure, it came under intense enemy fire and Captain Halvorson was killed. Volunteering to accompany the acting CO with a small reconnaissance party, radioman Magrath set out with the group. After going only a few yards, the party was pinned down.

G.O. No.: 71, 17 July 1946. Citation: Private First Class Magrath, radio operator Company G, 85th Mountain Infantry Regiment, on 14 April 1945 displayed conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty when his company was pinned down by heavy artillery, mortar, and small-arms fire, near Castle d’Aiano, Italy. Volunteering to act as a scout, armed with only a rifle, he charged headlong into withering fire, killing 2 Germans and wounding 3 in order to capture a machine-gun. Carrying this enemy weapon across an open field through heavy fire, he neutralized 2 more machine-gun nests; he then circled behind 4 other Germans, killing them with a burst as they were firing on his company.

Spotting another dangerous enemy position to the right, he knelt with the machine-gun in his arms and exchanged fire with the Germans until he had killed 2 and wounded 3. The enemy now poured increased mortar and artillery fire on the company’s newly won position.

PFC Magrath fearlessly volunteered again to brave the shelling in order to collect a report of casualties. Heroically carrying out this task, he made the supreme sacrifice—a climax to the valor and courage that are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service.

Appendix C

Division Medal of Honor Awardees


Sergeant First Class (then Staff Sergeant) Jared C. Monti distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a team leader with Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 3d Squadron, 71st Cavalry Regiment, 3d Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division, during combat operations against an armed enemy in Nuristan Province, Afghanistan, on June 21, 2006. While Sergeant First Class Monti was leading a mission aimed at gathering intelligence and directing fire against the enemy, his 16-man patrol was attacked by as many as 50 enemy fighters. On the verge of being overrun, Sergeant First Class Monti quickly directed his men to set up a defensive position behind a rock formation. He then called for indirect fire support, accurately targeting the rounds upon the enemy who had closed to within 50 meters of his position. While still directing fire, Sergeant First Class Monti personally engaged the enemy with his rifle and a grenade, successfully disrupting an attempt to flank his patrol. Sergeant First Class Monti then realized that one of his Soldiers was lying wounded in the open ground between the advancing enemy and the patrols position. With complete disregard for his own safety, he twice attempted to move from behind the cover of the rocks into the face of relentless enemy fire to rescue his fallen comrade. Determined not to leave his Soldier, Sergeant First Class Monti made a third attempt to cross open terrain through intense enemy fire. On this final attempt, he was mortally wounded, sacrificing his own life in an effort to save his fellow Soldier. Sergeant First Class Monti’s selfless acts of heroism inspired his patrol to fight off the larger enemy force. Sergeant First Class Monti’s immeasurable courage and uncommon valor are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 3rd Squadron, 71st Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division, and the United States Army.

Appendix C

Division Medal of Honor Awardees

Captain William D. Swenson distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as embedded advisor to the Afghan National Border Police, Task Force Phoenix, Combined Security Transition Command-Afghanistan in support of 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division, during combat operations against an armed enemy in Kunar Province, Afghanistan on September 8, 2009. On that morning, more than 60 well-armed, well-positioned enemy fighters ambushed Captain Swenson’s combat team as it moved on foot into the village of Ganjgal for a meeting with village elders. As the enemy unleashed a barrage of rocket-propelled grenade, mortar and machine gun fire, Captain Swenson immediately returned fire and coordinated and directed the response of his Afghan Border Police, while simultaneously calling in suppressive artillery fire and aviation support. After the enemy effectively flanked Coalition Forces, Captain Swenson repeatedly called for smoke to cover the withdrawal of the forward elements. Surrounded on three sides by the enemy forces inflicting effective and accurate fire, Captain Swenson coordinated air assets, indirect fire support and medical evacuation helicopter support to allow for the evacuation of the wounded. Captain Swenson ignored enemy radio transmissions demanding surrender and maneuvered uncovered to render medical aid to a wounded fellow Soldier. Captain Swenson stopped administering aid long enough to throw a grenade at approaching enemy forces, before assisting with moving the Soldier for air evacuation. With complete disregard for his own safety, Captain Swenson unhesitatingly led a team in an unarmored vehicle into the kill zone, exposing himself to enemy fire on at least two occasions, to recover the wounded and search for four missing comrades. After using aviation support to mark locations of fallen and wounded comrades, it became clear that ground recovery of the fallen was required due to heavy enemy fire on helicopter landing zone. Captain Swenson’s team returned to the kill zone another time in a Humvee. Captain Swenson voluntarily exited the vehicle, exposing himself to enemy fire, to locate and recover three fallen Marines and one fallen Navy Corpsman. His exceptional leadership and stout resistance against the enemy during six hours of continuous fighting rallied his teammates and effectively disrupted the enemy’s assault. Captain William D. Swenson’s extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, Task Force Phoenix, 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division and the United States Army.

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