The Utility Uniforms consist of the Combat Uniform, hospital, food service and cold weather uniforms. The utility uniforms are designed to fit loosely; alterations to make them form fitting are not authorized. Keep uniforms free of holes and tears; keep all pockets properly closed. Soldiers will not place their hands in pockets except momentarily to retrieve items.
a.Utility Uniform Wear.
(1) The utility uniforms may be worn off post during duty hours at the discretion of the Soldier. If worn off-post, uniforms will be clean, serviceable, and worn IAW AR 670–1. The utility uniform is unauthorized for wear off post after duty hours unless at an official function where the uniform is deemed appropriate attire or short stops (i.e. to fuel vehicle or purchasing a gallon of milk).
(2) Soldiers may not wear utility uniforms (Class C) in establishments that primarily sell alcohol. If the establishment sells alcohol and food, Soldiers may wear utility uniforms in these establishments; under no circumstances will the Soldier consume alcohol while in utility uniform off post.
(3) Soldiers may consume alcohol in utility uniform (Class C) on post at unit functions or gatherings.
(4) Utility uniforms will not be worn when other service uniforms are more appropriate (ASU/Class A or Class B). The utility uniform is not considered appropriate for social or official functions off the installation such as memorial services, funerals, weddings or inaugural ceremonies etc. therefore will not be worn.
(5) The wearing of a combination of civilian and military clothing is prohibited unless prescribed in AR 670–1 or other authorization documents are approved by HQDA.
b.Combat Uniform (CU). The CU is a combat uniform designed to be worn under the body armor. It is authorized for wear year-round with sleeves rolled down. The uniform consists of the coat and trousers, Army Combat Boots hot weather/temperate weather (tan), green or black cushion sole socks, tan belt with open-faced buckle or two-inch rigger belt, moisture wicking T-shirt, approved winter undershirts and the Patrol Cap (PC). No pressing or starching of the CU is authorized. Soldiers will wear at a minimum the US Army and name tapes, rank, US Flag Insignia and Unit Shoulder Sleeve Insignia. The Operation Enduring Freedom Camouflage Pattern (OCP) may be worn by those deploying to Afghanistan, once issued as part of RFI, while deployed and during some pre-deployment or post-deployment events as directed by the commander (i.e., selected train-up events or ceremonies). Individual Soldiers will not otherwise purchase or wear the OCP.
c.Fire Resistant ACU (FRACU), Combat Shirt and Combat Pants. The Fire Resistant ACU (FR ACU) is authorized to be worn for routine garrison and field use. The Army Combat Shirt (ACS) and Combat Pants (ACP) are authorized for wear only during field or tactical training or in a combat zone.
d. Other Uniforms. Specific instructions regarding uniforms and uniform items are contained in DA Pam 670–1.
e.Headgear. Soldiers in uniform will wear appropriate headgear when outdoors except when it interferes with safety. Headgear will not create a bulky appearance or protrude from any pocket.
(1) Beret. The black beret will be worn as the Army Service Uniform headgear and usually worn as the primary headgear for ceremonies.
(2) Patrol Cap (PC). The patrol cap (PC) is worn with the ACU as the primary headgear. (See Green Micro-fleece headgear for winter wear below.) Soldiers will wear appropriate sew or pin on rank. Rank will be centered and 1 inch above the brim of the cap. The last nametape will be worn centered on the hook and loop pads (or sewn on) on the back of the CU patrol cap only. No Cat eyes will be affixed anywhere on the PC.
(3) CU Sun “Boonie” Hat. The ACU Sun “Boonie” Hat will only be worn at the discretion of the unit commander for training or while deployed. Soldiers will NOT under any circumstances wear the “boonie” outside of the unit or training areas. This includes all installation activities (PX, Shoppette, Clark Hall, Burger King, etc.)
(4) Green Micro-fleece Cap.
(a) Due to harsh North Country winters, Soldiers are allowed to wear the green micro-fleece cap as the primary headgear during periods where the temperature is 40˚ or below. During this time period, the micro-fleece cap may be worn as the primary headgear for PT and all duty activities, both on and off post. When in a formation, all Soldiers will wear the same headgear but leaders will default to the fleece cap when temperatures are below freezing.
(b) The commercially procured embroidered or embossed 10th Mountain Division fleece cap is authorized to be worn with the Improved Physical Fitness Uniform (IPFU), the winter duty uniform of the day (tactical and non-tactical) and civilian clothes. The cap may be worn individually, and in formation, when the green fleece cap is authorized. Soldiers are not required to have the cap but are authorized to purchase it at individual expense and wear it as an optional uniform item while assigned to the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry). The fleece cap will be worn with the embroidered 10th Mountain Division patch over each ear. This is the only authorized method of wear for the embroidered micro-fleece headgear.
f.Cavalry Stetson and Spurs. Stetsons and spurs are authorized for wear at cavalry formations and functions at the platoon, troop and squadron level when authorized by the troop or squadron commander. They are generally not authorized for wear at brigade and division-level formations or functions (i.e., change of command, memorial ceremonies, Mountain Salutes, etc.) unless specifically requested by the squadron commander and approved by the brigade/division commander in advance. Wear of the Stetson and spurs will be confined to the squadron area or the location of the cavalry function and not to be worn in other areas on or off-post other than the function site. Stetsons and spurs will be serviceable and clean and worn in a manner consistent with the U.S. cavalry traditions with ACU, ASU or dress uniforms.
g.Army Combat Boots. (Hot weather/temperate and optional.) The present issue boot for wear with the ACU is made of tan rough side out cattle hide leather with a plain toe and tan rubber outsoles. Soldiers may wear commercial boots of a design similar to that of the Army Combat boot (Tan), 8-10 inches in height as authorized by the commander. The boots must be made of tan rough side out cattle hide leather with a plain toe and have a tan rubber outsole. Soldiers may wear the optional boots in lieu of the standard issue Army Combat Boot (Tan)-Hot Weather and Temperate weather; however, they do not replace issue boots as a mandatory possession item.
h.Combat and Special Skills Badges. The wear of subdued pin-on, and sew-on combat, special skill, and identification badges in garrison and field is authorized.
i.Chaplain’s Branch Insignia. Chaplains will wear black embroidery on the digitized fabric with hook and loop or sewn branch insignia centered 1/8in above the nametape.
j.Reflective Safety Belt. When wearing the summer IPFU, the reflective belt is worn around the waist. In winter IPFU, the reflective belt will be worn RIGHT shoulder to LEFT hip. Commissioned Officers will wear the BLUE reflective belt, Non-Commissioned Officers will wear the GREEN reflective belt, and Specialists and below wear the YELLOW reflective belt. For force protection while deployed, all Soldiers wear the YELLOW belt regardless of rank. Soldiers walking or running (as an individual) on the road surface or shoulder will wear a reflective belt and proceed facing traffic. In addition to its use during physical fitness training, the reflective belt will be worn for work details (police clean-up, or other details on or near the road edge), and while guiding vehicles, on or off post (ensuring the reflective belt is visible.) Wear the reflective belt attached horizontally and centered on the back of the rucksack during foot marches.
k.Camel Back. The use of a black or camouflage (woodland, desert, ACU, or OCP pattern) personal hydration system (Camel Back) is authorized in the following situations: conducting Physical Training, in a field environment, in high heat areas, or on work details. Soldiers will not carry hydration systems in a garrison environment unless authorized by the commander for situations listed above.
l.Civilian Gym Bags. Soldiers may use civilian gym bags, civilian rucksacks or other similar civilian bags while in uniform. Soldier may use shoulder strap or carrying handle however, bags must be black or match the camouflage pattern uniform being worn without any visible logos. Other civilian bags of different color or material can be carried utilizing the carrying handle only. The contents of the bag will not be visible therefore see through or mesh bags are not authorized.
m.Neck Gaiter. The brown neck gaiter is authorized and may be worn with the, ACU, IPFU, and tactical uniforms when designated by the COC. It may be worn as a neck warmer, hood, or balaclava/mask. Neck gaiters will be removed when indoors.
n.Black, Green or Brown Glove and Glove Inserts. At their discretion, Soldiers may wear issued RFI, OCIE, or commercially purchased gloves with the ACU or IPFU in both garrison and tactical environment. Gloves and inserts may be worn without any cold weather outer garments (e.g. ECWCS, Gortex or field jackets). Commercially purchased gloves must closely match or resemble issue gloves in color and function and be free of visible logos.
o.Black T-shirt (WLC/LFS Instructors). The Black T-shirt authorized for wear by WLC and LFS instructors and MWR fitness center attendants will be worn in the academy/teaching or gym area only. The Black T-shirt will not be worn while conducting non-instructor activities such as going to the PX, Commissary, etc.
p.Identification Tags. Two identification tags will be worn around the neck, on long and short chains during field training while on duty in uniform unless otherwise directed by the commander. Personnel will wear identification tags around the neck, except when safety considerations apply (such as during physical training). Allergy warning tags are authorized on the identification tag chains, as is a religious medallion.
q.Security Badges. In restricted areas, commanders may prescribed wearing security identification badges, IAW Army Regulations. Personnel will not wear security identification badges outside the area for which they are required. The manner of wear will be determined by the organization that requires wearing the badges.
10. Cold Weather
Leaders will ensure all Soldiers are protected and safeguarded against cold weather injuries. Leaders at every level will use their best judgment in all situations to mitigate the risks of injuries. Commanders and Leaders will use the Fort Drum Cold Weather Leaders guide to reduce the risk of cold weather injuries (see appendix G). Below are a list of approved garments for wear to help you look out for your Soldiers safety and well-being.
a.Extended Cold Weather Clothing System (ECWCS). Approved outer garments may be worn with or in lieu of the ACU as indicated by weather conditions or as directed by the chain of command. (See appendix G.) When worn, these outer garments must have US Army nametape, last name tape, rank, organizational SSI and US Flag Insignia attached and displayed on hook and loop fasteners if provided. Soldiers will not alter the appearance of these garments.
b.Black or Green Fleece Jackets. With rank and nametape, the black or green fleece jacket may be worn in garrison as an outer garment during cold/dry conditions in the winter months with the ACU or when designated by the COC. Keep in mind, the black or green fleece jacket does not protect from wet or high wind conditions without an outer shell layer.
c.Gortex or Field Jackets. ACU patterned jacket may be worn with the ACU. Field jackets will have at a minimum the US Army nametape, last nametape, rank, organizational SSI and US Flag Insignia. The Gortex Jacket will have rank on the front tab and a ½” x 3 ½” last nametape sewn on the pocket flap of the left arm. Rank will be pin on or optional purchase cloth tab.
d.Cold Weather Undergarments. Initial issue, RFI issued and most commercial cold weather undergarments are authorized for wear under the utility and IPFU uniform. However, these items must not interfere or detract from the proper wear of the ACU/IPFU or effect performance.
e.Tan Leather Intermediate Boot. Tan leather intermediate weather Gortex boots will be worn during garrison work details or tactical training in a field environment during winter months when a risk of cold weather injuries exists. If issued, extreme cold weather vapor barrier boots will be worn when directed. However, Soldiers performing predominantly indoor duty may wear tan temperate weather boots year round in a garrison environment.
f.Survival Gear. When traveling or training across Route 26 in the winter months (1 November-31 March) all personnel will have a survival rucksack consisting of at least a sleeping bag and wet and/or cold weather equipment and clothing.
g.Skin Camouflage. Wear of camouflage is a tactical conditions based decision. Wear of facial camouflage is determined by a Squad Leader or above based on tactical requirement. Facial camouflage will not be worn when wind chill temperature drops below 32 Degrees Fahrenheit.
11. Tactical Uniform
Commanders may establish more prescriptive uniform SOPs as they see fit so long as they adhere to the organizing principles and minimum standards below. During cold weather or winter months, refer to appendix G.
a. Tactical or Field Uniform. All Soldiers will wear/carry the following as part of the duty uniform in a field, tactical or deployed environment.
(1) ACU complete with I.D. tags and patrol cap or fleece cap (winter) (see appendix G.)
(5) Earplugs (in issued case on belt loop, in pocket or safety-pinned inside PC)
(6) Ballistic eyewear
(7) Flame-resistant gloves (commercially purchased tactical gloves must be flame resistant)
(8) Advanced Combat Helmet (ACH) (See paragraph 11.b. below)
(9) Fighting Load (See paragraph 11c. below)
(10) Ballistic Protection (See paragraph 11d. below)
b.Advanced/Enhanced Combat Helmet (ACH/ECH). The helmet will be complete with ACU/OCP cover, pad suspension system, retention system (chinstrap), camouflage band, and NVG mount. Wear the chinstrap fastened at all times. Soldier’s last name in block letters centered on the front of the camouflage band (may be offset with NVG mount). Soldiers will not be required to have rank attached to camouflage cover beneath the NVG mount.
c. Fighting Load. The Division’s main organizing principle for fighting load set-up is the individual Soldier’s preference or “Shooter’s Choice.” Leaders will bear in mind that an experienced Soldier is the best judge of what works best for him/her. Until they gain experience, new Soldiers will likely require more directive guidance when setting up their fighting load. In all cases, unit SOPs will keep the firing shoulder clean, position the bulk of ammunition so it is most easily accessible to the non-firing hand, consider that different duty positions may require a unique set-up, and recognize that left-handed firers will likely require “mirror-image” of the unit SOPs. Minimum components of the fighting load follow.
(1) Fighting Load Carrier Vest (FLC). Some Soldiers prefer to use the FLC while others prefer to attach their fighting load components directly to the ballistic vest. Leaders should accommodate this preference when possible. The FLC provides a lot of flexibility in training, as many events do not require ballistic vests (i.e., land navigation, EIB/EFMB/Air Assault foot marches, details, etc). When deployed in combat, attaching pouches directly to the ballistic vest makes sense.
(2) Ammunition pouches. Sufficient to carry one standard basic load for their assigned weapon. Machine gun crewmen will carry at least one ready load or reload for their machine gun in their pouches or bandoleers.
(3) Improved First Aid Kit (IFAK) with spare tourniquet.
(4) Water. Canteens or Camelbak sufficient to carry at least one quart on person.
(5) General purpose/accessory pouches. Every Soldier will be able to carry at least one fragmentation grenade, flash-bang or smoke grenade and other accessories as required by the unit SOP.
(6) Small flashlight.
(7) Bayonet, knife, or multi-tool.
(8) Night Vision Goggles. Worn on helmet, around neck, or carried in GP pouch on vest or in assault pack (tied down).
(9) Navigation Kit. Every squad/section will carry assigned Global Positioning System (GPS) and at least two paper maps, lensatic compasses, and protractors among the leaders.
(10) Communications/Signal Kit. Every squad/section will carry assigned radio systems and at least two signal mirrors and signal panels as well as flares and smoke grenades required by the mission.
(11) Ammunition Bandoleers or equipment cases as required.
(12) Assault Pack. Soldiers should strive to carry their minimum fighting load on their vest or in their pockets as much as is possible while reserving their Assault Pack for items they want forward but can fight without if necessary (i.e., additional ammo, water, batteries, rations, socks, and comfort items such as sleep shirts, poncho liners, etc).
d. Ballistic Protection. Our organizing principle is “Train as You’ll Fight.” Many training events do not require ballistic protection (land navigation, foot marches, etc) but live-fire training and collective training events with a tactical scenario and an opposing force are examples that do. When full ballistic protection is required, the minimum consists of standard field uniform (ACH, earplugs, ballistic eyewear, protective gloves) plus the base Improved Outer tactical Vest (IOTV) or, if issued, Interceptor Body Armor (IBA) or Soldier Plate Carrier System (SPCS). During live fire training, deployments or when directed, Soldiers will be issued and wear front and back SAPI/ESAPI ballistic plates.
(1) Other vest accessories including neck, throat, groin, kidney, deltoid protectors may be worn at the direction of the commander based on METT-TC.
(2) Small Arms Training. Helmets and body armor are not required for Preliminary Marksmanship Instruction (PMI), grouping, zeroing and practice firing. In fact, commanders are encouraged to allow Soldiers to fire “Slick” when practicing fundamentals and to build shooter confidence. For combat qualification and advanced marksmanship training, Soldiers should fire in full “Battle Rattle.”
(3) Commercial body armor and plate carriers are not authorized for wear in the 10th Mountain Division. The IOTV, IBA and SPCS are the only authorized body armor for training or deployment unless otherwise issued.
e. Sustainment Load. See appendix L for standard Hot/Temperate and Cold Weather packing lists for field training and readiness planning.
12. Improved Physical Fitness Uniform (IPFU)
The Improved Physical Fitness Uniform (IPFU) with yellow reflective safety belt for Soldiers (PVT thru SPC), green reflective belt for NCOs, and blue reflective belt for officers is required for year round wear by all personnel as prescribed by the commander. See paragraph 9j. for wear of the reflective belt when deployed. The first line leader (FLL) in charge will ensure the IPFU is worn correctly at all times. FLLs may adjust the uniform based on Soldier comfort and weather conditions. Leaders will use the Fort Drum Cold Weather Leaders guide and Mountain Portal weather updates to reduce the risk of cold weather injuries (see appendix G).
a.Pregnancy IPFU. Pregnant Soldiers will wear the IPFU until such time it becomes too small or uncomfortable. Pregnant Soldiers are authorized to wear the T-shirt outside the trunks. At no time will commanders require pregnant Soldiers to purchase a larger IPFU in order to accommodate the pregnancy. When the uniform becomes too small or uncomfortable, pregnant Soldiers may wear equivalent civilian workout clothes that are conservative and professional in appearance. Pregnant Soldiers will attend PT daily at the Division Pregnancy and Post-Partum PT session. Battalion Commanders may approve a Soldier’s absence from a PT session for routine organizational training.
b.Foot March PT. The IPFU with boots (tan or RFI issued mountain) and fighting load and/or rucksack may be worn as a conditioning foot march uniform. Boots must be worn with green or black socks when conducting a foot march.
c.Unit T-shirts. Battalion Commanders may authorize a distinctive unit T-shirt for wear with the IPFU T-shirt within the following guidelines:
(1) Authorized for units no smaller than company, troop, battery or separate detachment.
(2) Shirts will be the same color at battalion level with the same logo on the front of the shirt. Company logos are authorized on the back of battalion T-shirts however logos must be in good taste with no profanity, nudity, or gross images.
(3) Soldiers may voluntarily purchase the unit T-shirt or they may be purchased through unit fund-raisers. Soldiers will not be required to purchase a unit T-shirt.
d.IPFU Wear. The IPFU is authorized for wear to, from, and during physical training only. Soldiers are authorized to make short stops while wearing the IPFU (i.e. fueling a vehicle or pick up small grocery items). The IPFU is unauthorized for wear in establishments such as the PX, commissary or local shopping area.
(1) Cold Weather Injuries. Leaders will give special consideration for Soldiers with previous heat or cold weather injuries when deciding the uniform worn during PT.
(2) The IPFU with reflective safety belt is the only authorized uniform for Soldiers on duty participating in unit or individual fitness during the Fort Drum PT period (0700-0830). Soldiers on leave or off-duty may wear tasteful civilian PT attire during the PT period.
13. Off-Duty Appearance
High standards of appearance should carry over into your selection of civilian attire. Wear of appropriate attire avoids public embarrassment and promotes a sense of community. While off-duty, Soldiers, Family members, and Civilians may dress casually and comfortably; however, there are legal, moral, safety, and sanitary criteria that require a dress code for Fort Drum’s service facilities. Soldiers who go to units or facilities to conduct business will be clean-shaven.
Soldiers and their guests must comply with established dress codes for all facilities on Fort Drum.
a.Clothing. Clothing with obscene, slanderous, or vulgar words or drawings or clothing, which makes disparaging comments concerning the US Government, is not authorized.
b.Foot Wear. Bare feet in any facility, except where footwear is not appropriate, such as swimming pools, are not authorized. Sandals or shoes without socks or stockings are authorized.