10.9 Students analyze the international developments in the post-World World War II world.
4. Analyze the Chinese Civil War, the rise of Mao Tse-tung, and the subsequent political and economic upheavals in China (e.g., the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution, and the Tiananmen Square uprising).
Using the sources, analyze and explain why Chinese peasants embraced Communism?
“The Nationalists were the nominal government of China from 1928 to 1937. During that period, they had little opportunity to initiate the far-reaching changes that they promised. Instead, the Nationalist government solely concerned itself with maintaining order in a country that was flying apart at the seams…While the Nationalists were able to bring about some financial and industrial reforms, on the whole they neglected the Nationalist project of alleviating poverty and equalizing the economy, the third of the People's Principles of Sun Yat-sen. The neglect of the peasantry eventually proved to be their downfall at the end of the Japanese occupation when the communists were swept into power with a peasant revolt”.
Taken from: http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/MODCHINA/NATIONAL.HTM
The two excerpts below are written by Mao Zedong in a 1927 report to the Central Committee of the CCP about the peasant movement in the central province of Hunan. Mao notes the tremendous potential power of the peasants to make revolution.
“The present upsurge of the peasant movement is a colossal event. In a very short time, in China’s central, southern, and northern provinces, several hundred million peasants will rise like a mighty storm, like a hurricane, a force so swift and violent that no power, however great, will be able to hold it back. They will smash all the shackles that bind them and rush forward along the road to liberation. They will sweep all the imperialists, warlords, corrupt officials, local tyrants, and evil gentry into their graves.”
“The main targets of attack by the peasants are the local tyrants, the evil gentry, and the lawless landlords, but in passing they also hit out against patriarchal ideas and institutions, against corrupt officials in the cities and against bad practices and customs in the rural areas.”
Fable told by Mao Zedong in 1945
There is an ancient Chinese fable called ‘The Foolish Old Man Who Removed
the Mountains.’ It tells of an old man who lived in northern China long, long
ago and was known as the Foolish Old Man of North Mountain. His house
faced south, and beyond his doorway stood the two great mountain peaks,