Attracted by high pay and a chance to own their own farms, young men eagerly enlisted
They were poorly trained and had little experience so many deserted
Fighting at Sea
British navy blockaded American ports to stop American trade
US sea captain were unable to break the blockade but won some victories
One famous battle took place early in the war, August 1812. As he was sailing near New Foundland, IsaacHull, captain of the USS Constitution, spotted the British ship, HMS Guerriere. For nearly an hour, the two ships jockeyed for position. At last, the guns of the Constitution roared into action. They tore holes in the sides of the Guerriere and shot off both masts. Stunned the British captain had not choice but to surrender. American sea captains won other victories at sea which cheered Americans but did little to win the war.
War in the West One goal of the War Hawks was to conquer Canada because they were convinced that Canadians would welcome the chance to throw off British rule and join US
Invasion of Canada
General WilliamHull moved US troops into Canada from Detroit
The Canadians only had a few untrained troops to ward off the invasion but were led by a clever British general, Isaac Brock
Brock paraded his soldiers in red coats to make it appear that experienced British troops and a large number of Indians were helping the Canadians
Brock’s scare tactics worked – Hull retreated from Canada and future attempts to invade also failed
Battle of Lake Erie
In 1813, Americans set out to win control of Lake Erie
Captain Oliver Hazard Perry had no fleet, so he designed and built
his own ships
In September 1813, Perry sailed his tiny fleet against the British
In the Battle of Lake Erie, the British battered Perry’s own ship, Lawrence
Francis Scott Key wrote a poem about the battle called the ‘Star Spangled Banner’
Battle of New Orleans
In late 1814, the British prepared to attack New Orleans and sail up the Mississippi River
Andrew Jackson was waiting with a strong army of his frontier fighters
Jackson’ s forces included thousands of frontiersmen and Choctaw Indians
Citizens of New Orleans volunteered to join Jackson’s troops including hundreds of African Americans
American soldiers used trench warfare to defend themselves
On January 8, 1815, the British attacked New Orleans
More than 2,000 British fell under the deadly fire of sharpshooters and American cannons – only 7 Americans died
Americans cheered the victory at the Battle of New Orleans
Andrew Jackson became a national hero overnight
His fame did not dim when Americans learned the battle had taken place two
weeks AFTER the war ended!
US and Britain had already signed a treaty in Europe!
¿ ¿ What victories did the American forces win in the South ?
turn to page 323 and use the Map/Chart to answer this question.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________. African Americans in the War The Battle of New Orleans was not the only place where black and white