1. The settlement founded in the early 1600s that was the most important for the future United States was

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Colnial Study Guide

1. The settlement founded in the early 1600s that was the most important for the future United States was

2. The English treatment of the Irish can best be described as

3. Match each individual on the left with the correct description:

___ A. Francis Drake 1. "sea dog" who plundered the treasure

___ B. Walter Raleigh ships of the Spanish Main

___ C. Humphrey Gilbert 2. adventurer who tried but failed to

establish a colony in Newfoundland

3. explorer whose voyage in 1498 estab-

lished England's territorial claims

in the New World

4. courtier whose colony at Roanoke Is-

land was mysteriously abandoned in

the 1580s

5. the colonizer who helped establish

tobacco as a cash crop in Georgia

4. Spain's dreams of empire began to fade with the

5. The first English attempt at colonization was in

6. England's defeat of the Spanish Armada

7. Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) Reformation, (B) founding of Jamestown colony, (C) Restoration, (D) defeat of the Spanish Armada, (E) colony of Georgia founded.

8. The spirit of the English on the eve of colonization included all of the following except

9. On the eve of its colonizing adventure, England possessed

10. The financial means for England's first permanent colonization in America were provided by

11. All of the following provided motives for English colonization except

12. The guarantee that English settlers in the New World would retain the "rights of Englishmen" proved to be

13. The early years at Jamestown were mainly characterized by

14. Despite an abundance of fish and game, early Jamestown settlers continued to starve because

15. Captain John Smith's role at Jamestown can best be described as

16. Chief Powhatan had Captain John Smith kidnapped in order to

17. When Lord De La Warr took control of Jamestown in 1610, he

18. The result of the Second Anglo-Powhatan War in 1644 can best be described as
19. The native peoples of Virginia (Powhatans) succumbed to the Europeans because they

20. As part of the change brought about in the lives of the Lakotas, they

21. The biggest disrupter of Native American life was

22. The Indians that had the greatest opportunity to adapt to the European incursion were

23. After the purchases of slaves in 1619 by Jamestown settlers, additional purchases of Africans were few because

24. The cultivation of tobacco in Jamestown resulted in all of the following except

25. The summoning of Virginia's House of Burgesses marked an important precedent because it

26. A major reason for the founding of the Maryland colony was to

27. At the outset, Lord Baltimore allowed some religious toleration in the Maryland colony because he

28. Maryland's Act of Toleration

29. Tobacco was considered a poor man's crop because

30. Sugar was called a rich man's crop for all of the following reasons except that it

31. Under the Barbados slave code of 1661, slaves were

32. The statutes governing slavery in the North American colonies originated in

33. One of the earliest and most important exports from the Carolinas was

34. The colony of South Carolina prospered

35. Two major exports of the Carolinas were

36. Some Africans became especially valuable as slaves in the Carolinas because they

37. The busiest seaport in the southern colonies was

38. North Carolina and Rhode Island were similar in that they

39. The inhabitants of North Carolina were regarded by their neighbors as

40. The attitude of Carolinians toward Indians can best be described as

41. The colony of Georgia was founded

42. Georgia's founders were determined to

43. All of the following European imports threatened the Iroquois' existence except

44. The purpose of the periodic "mourning wars" was

45. The Iroquois leader who helped his nation revive its old customs was

46. Georgia grew very slowly for all of the following reasons except

47. Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia were similar in that they were all

48. By 1750, all the southern plantation colonies

49. Arrange the following events in chronological order: the founding of (A) Georgia, (B) the Carolinas, (C) Virginia, (D) Maryland.

50. During the 1500s, England had little interest in establishing its own overseas colonies because

51. Originally, the Virginia Company intended to

52. In American history, 1619 is important because in that year

53. Like Virginia, Maryland

54. Colonists in both the North and the South established differences in all of the following areas except

55. Match each item on the left with the correct definition:

___ A. predestination 1. belief that from the moment of creation

___ B. conversion some souls were "saved" and others

___ C. antinomianism "damned"

2. belief that faith, good works, and

repentance could earn salvation

3. the sign of receipt of God's free gift

of saving grace

4. belief that those whom God had marked

for salvation need not obey secular


56. In Calvinist thought the "conversion" was

57. In Puritan doctrine, the "elect" were also referred to as

58. Henry VIII aided the entrance of Protestant beliefs into England when he

59. King James I opposed the Separatists who wanted to break away entirely from the Church of England because he

60. The Separatists migrated from England to Holland to the New World in order to

61. Match each colony on the left with its associated item.

___ A. Plymouth 1. General Court

___ B. Connecticut 2. Mayflower Compact

___ C. Massachusetts Bay 3. Fundamental Orders

4. patroonships

62. The Mayflower Compact can be best described as

63. The leader that helped the Pilgrims survive was

64. The historical significance of the Pilgrims of Plymouth Bay lies in their

65. Unlike Separatists, Puritans

66. Initially, the Massachusetts Bay Colony enjoyed all of the following advantages except that of

67. Puritan doctrine included acceptance of

68. With the franchise in Massachusetts extended to all adult males who belonged to Puritan congregations, the proportion of qualified voters in this colony as compared to England was

69. In Massachusetts, clergyman

70. Puritan religious beliefs allowed all of the following except

71. Among the Puritans, it was understood that

72. People who flouted the authority of the Puritan clergy in Massachusetts Bay were subject to which of the following punishments?

73. According to Anne Hutchinson, a dissenter in Massachusetts Bay,

74. As the founder of Rhode Island, Roger Williams

75. Roger Williams' beliefs included all of the following except

76. As a colony, Rhode Island became known for

77. Settlers of the Connecticut River colony developed a document known as the Fundamental Orders, which

78. The city of New Haven was settled by

79. Unlike other English voyagers to the New World, the Puritans

80. After the Pequot War, Puritan efforts to convert Indians to Christianity can best be described as

81. The New England Indians' only hope for resisting English encroachment lay in

82. King Philip's War resulted in

83. During the early years of colonization in the New World, England

84. The New England Confederation

85. The Dominion of New England

86. As the head of Dominion of New England, Sir Edmund Andros was all of the following except

87. As a result of England's Glorious Revolution,

88. As a result of Sir Edmund Andros's rule,

89. New York was

90. The Dutch colony of New Netherland (later New York) was noted for

91. New York and Pennsylvania were similar in that they both

92. New England Confederation regarded Dutch New Netherland as

93. When the English gained control over New Netherland,

94. One of the traits that made Quakers unpopular in England was

95. The physical growth of English New York was slowed because

96. Cultural contributions the Dutch made to America include all of the following except

97. Pennsylvania was

98. Indian policy in early Pennsylvania can be best described as

99. Economically, the colony of Pennsylvania

100. All the middle colonies were

101. The middle colonies were notable for their

102. Recently, historians have increasingly viewed the colonial period as

103. The section of the American colonies where there was the greatest internal conflict was

104. The picture of colonial America that is emerging from new scholarship is a society formed by

105. Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) restoration of Charles II to the English throne, (B) English Civil War, (C) Glorious Revolution, (D) Protestant Reformation.

106. Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) great Puritan migration, (B) founding of Plymouth Colony, (C) Protestant Reformation, (D) founding of Rhode Island.

107. Arrange the following in chronological order: the founding of (A) New York, (B) Massachusetts Bay, (C) Pennsylvania, (D) Plymouth.

108. John Calvin believed in

109. Puritans

110. Separatists

111. The New England colonies included

112. Roger Williams got into trouble with Massachusetts Bay authorities because he

113. Factors leading to the first major European migration include

114. The Pequot War of 1637 resulted in

115. Pennsylvania

116. As the seventeenth century wore on, regional differences arose, most notably

117. The population of the Chesapeake colonies throughout the first half of the seventeenth century was notable for its

118. In the seventeenth century, due to a high death rate families were both few and fragile in

119. During the seventeenth century, indentured servitude solved the labor problem in many English colonies for all of the following reasons except that

120. The "headright" system, which made some people very wealthy, entailed

121. By 1700, the most populous colony in English America was

122. Seventeenth-century colonial tobacco growers usually responded to depressed prices for their crop by

123. __________ reaped the greatest benefit from the land policies of the "headright" system.

124. For their labor in the colonies indentured servants received all of the following except

125. English yeomen who agreed to exchange their labor temporarily in return for payment of their passage to an American colony were called

126. Throughout the greater part of the seventeenth century, the Chesapeake colonies acquired most of the labor they needed from

127. Most immigrants to the Chesapeake colonies in the seventeenth century came as

128. Over the course of the seventeenth century, most indentured servants

129. By the end of the seventeenth century, indentured servants who gained their freedom

130. Bacon's Rebellion was supported mainly by

131. The immediate reason for Bacon's Rebellion was

132. As a result of Bacon's Rebellion,

133. The majority of African slaves coming to the New World

134. After 1680, reliance on slave labor in colonial America rapidly increased because

135. Many of the slaves who reached North America

136. For those Africans who were sold into slavery, the "middle passage" can be best described as

137. The physical and social conditions of slavery were harshest in

138. African-American contributions to American culture include all of the following except

139. While slavery might have begun in America for economic reasons,

140. The slave society that developed in North America was one of the few slave societies in history to

141. The slave culture that developed in America

142. Slave Christianity emphasized all of the following in their faith except

143. Compared with indentured servants, African-American slaves were

144. As slavery spread in the South,

145. Most of the inhabitants of the colonial American South were

146. Urban development in the colonial South

147. It was typical of colonial New England adults to

148. The New England family can best be described as

149. The special characteristics of New England's population led to the observation that these colonists "invented"

150. Southern colonies generally allowed married women to retain separate title to their property because

151. Puritans refused to recognize a woman's separate property rights because
152. In seventeenth century colonial America all of the following are true regarding women except

153. The expansion of New England society

154. When new towns were established in New England, all of the following were true except

155. The Puritan system of congregational church government logically led to

156. Thomas Jefferson once observed that "the best school of political liberty the world ever saw" was the

157. The Half-Way Covenant

158. The Salem witchcraft trials were

159. During the Salem witchcraft trials, most of those accused as witches were

160. The Salem "witch hunt" in 1692

161. As a result of poor soil, all of the following conditions prevailed in New England except that

162. The New England economy depended heavily on

163. In contrast to the Chesapeake colonies, those in New England

164. The English justified taking land from the native inhabitants on the grounds that the Indians

165. The combination of Calvinism, soil, and climate in New England resulted in the people there possessing which of the following qualities:

166. The impact of New England on the rest of the nation can best be described as

167. Compared with most seventeenth-century Europeans, Americans lived in

168. The late-seventeenth-century rebellion in New York was headed by __________, whereas that in Maryland was led by __________.

169. Bacon's Rebellion stemmed from

170. The great majority of Africans who left Africa as captured slaves

171. The early "slave codes" in colonial America

172. Which of the following are products of the American slave culture?

173. Slaves in colonial America

174. By 1700, the colonial South generally lacked
175. Unlike those in the Chesapeake, New England immigrants

176. Which of the following reflected the lessening hold of Puritan piety on later generations of New Englanders?

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