1 pt each Harry S. Truman A. U. S. Senator from Wisconsin; accused people of spying for Soviets without evidence Joseph Stalin B



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Unit 8

The Origins of the Cold War and 1950’s Culture”


Part I: “People to Meet”:

Directions: Match each person with the letter that best defines who they are and why they are important. (1 pt each)
1.) Harry S. Truman A. U.S. Senator from Wisconsin; accused people of spying for Soviets without evidence

2.) Joseph Stalin B. Communist activists; accused of spying(stealing atomic secrets), found guilty, & executed

3.) Alger Hiss C. U.S. president; favored the foreign policy of “brinkmanship” during the Cold War

4.) Joseph McCarthy D. doctor; developed an effective vaccine for the prevention of polio

5.) Ethel & Julius Rosenberg E. witnesses from the film industry; called by HUAC to testify; refused and sent to prison

6.) Hollywood Ten F. Secretary of State for Eisenhower; suggested policy of “brinkmanship”

7.) Nikita Khrushchev G. Senator & Vice President; prosecuted communists for HUAC; “Checkers Speech”

8.) John Foster Dulles H. Soviet Communist leader after WWII; spreads Soviet influence to satellite nations

9.) Dwight D. Eisenhower I. doctor and author; wrote the Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care in 1946

10.) Francis Gary Powers J. U.S. State Dept. official; accused of spying for Soviets and found guilty of perjury

11.) Jonas Salk K. American U-2 pilot; shot down over Soviet territory; arrested; sent to prison for spying

12.) Benjamin Spock L. U.S. president; favored the foreign policy of “containment” at start of the Cold War

13.) Richard M. Nixon M. leader Soviet Union; favored the policy of peaceful coexistence where the two super

powers compete economically and scientifically


Part II: “Terms to Know”:

Directions: Match each term with the letter that best defines what the term means and its importance. (1 pt each)
14.) Containment A. U.S. foreign policy of threatening to use all out military aggression against enemy

15.) Blacklist B. The purchasing of material goods

16.) Brinkmanship C. Designing of products to wear out or become outdated so consumers need to buy more

17.) Consumerism D. U.S. foreign policy of blocking spread of communism to other nations by the Soviets

18.) Planned Obsolescence E. Members of Hollywood who were not allowed to work due to alleged communist ties
Part III: “Fill-In The Blank”:

Directions: Choose the word(s) that best completes the statement or answers the question. (1 pt each)
19.) The ________________ consisted of Eastern European nations that were dominated by the Soviet Union.

20.) The U.S. and British effort to drop vital food and supplies to Soviet blockaded Berlin was called the ___________.

21.) The world peace keeping organization, the _______________, became a platform for the Soviet Union and United

States to influence other countries from during the Cold War.

22.) President Harry Truman issued the ________________ which promised U.S. support of free people resisting

communism and between 1947-50 gave Greece and Turkey $400 million in aid.

23.) The United States and 12 other nations form ____________, which is a military alliance and was the first military

alliance that the U.S. ever entered into during peacetime.

24.) The _____________ refers to the indirect but often times hostile conflict between the United States and Soviet

Union that began at the end of World War II.

25.) The _______________ was an aid program in the which the U.S. sent $13 billion to 16 western European nations

that was directed “not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos”.

26.) The Soviet Union and satellite nations formed the ________________, which was a military alliance.

27.) The Soviet Union was a ______________ form of government and had a _________________ economy.

28.) The United States was a ______________ form of government and had a _________________ economy.
Part IV: “Multiple Choice”:

Directions: Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. (1 pt each)
29.) The imaginary line which separated communist Eastern Europe from democratic Western Europe was called?

a. The Warsaw Pact

b. The Iron Curtain

c. The Maginot Line

d. NATO
30.) ____________ is best known for investigating communism in the film industry.

a. The CIA

b. The U.N.

c. HUAC


d. NATO
31.) During the Korean War, the United Nations sent troops to aid the South Koreans with 90% of the U.N. troops

being from _____________.

a. Soviet Union

b. China


c. Great Britain

d. America


32.) When an armistice was signed ending the Korean War,

a. North and South Korea were still divided along the 38th parallel.

b. A communist government was created in South Korea.

c. Communist fears in the United States were lifted.

d. China gained control of the entire peninsula.
33.) ______________ was chosen as supreme commander of U.N. forces during the Korean War.

a. General Dwight D. Eisenhower

b. General Douglas MacArthur

c. General Omar Bradley

d. None of the Above, there was no one single commander.
34.) The ______________ appeared to be winning the Korean War until China actively entered the war.

a. Communists

b. Nationalists

c. South Koreans

d. North Koreans
35.) Attacks on those suspected of being Communists in the 1950’s was called?

a. McCarthyism

b. Patriot Act

c. Interrogation

d. Anti-Comintern

36.) The 38th parallel became an important dividing line between

a. Korea and China

b. North and South China

c. North and South Korea

d. China and Taiwan


37.) In May of 1949, China fell to ______________ and became a ______________ nation.

  1. Mao Zedong, Communist

  2. Chiang Kai-shek, Nationalist

  3. Kim Il Sung, Communist

  4. Syngman Rhee, Democratic

38.) The United States developed the first ________ that had a force of 1 million tons of TNT, followed by the Soviets

resulting in an arms race which would last throughout the remainder of the Cold War.


  1. Space satellite

  2. H-Bomb

  3. U-2 Plane

  4. Atomic Bomb

39.) The _________ used spies to gather information overseas and carry out secret operations to weaken/overthrow

governments which could threaten the U.S. during the Cold War.


  1. CIA

  2. FBI

  3. HUAC

  4. NATO

40.) In January 1957 President Eisenhower issued the ______________ which stated the U.S. would defend the Middle

East against any attack from a communist nation.


  1. Eisenhower Doctrine

  2. Truman Doctrine

  3. Brinkmanship

  4. Containment

41.) In 1956, the Soviets launched _____________, the world’s first satellite into space, starting a period during the

Cold War referred to as the Space Race.

a. U-2 Spy Plane

b. Sputnik

c. John Glenn

d. Neil Armstrong
42.) The time period in starting in 1946 when World War II veterans return home from overseas and begin to settle

back into American life is called the _________________ .

a. Baby Boom

b. Cold War

c. White Flight

d. Politics of the 1950’s


43.) During the 1950’s ___________ jobs declined in America and ____________ increased.

a. blue collar, white collar

b. manufacturing, office jobs

c. war related, manufacturing jobs

d. All of the Above

e. Both A and B


44.) The vast majority of new homes in the 1950’s were mass produced homes which were built in ____________.

a. Urban areas

b. Suburban areas

c. Rural Areas

d. All of the Above
45.) The rise of mass culture in the 1950’s can be most attributed to which of the following?

a. radio


b. motion pictures

c. telephones

d. television

e. internet


46.) The dramatic increase in car ownership in the 1950’s contributed to all of the following EXCEPT:

a. the Interstate Highway Act, noise pollution, and air pollution

b. increase in family vacations

c. increase in the time teens spent at home versus out and about

d. creation of new businesses

e. drive-in movies and drive thru food places


47.) Elvis Presley, Chuck Berry, Bill Haley and the Comets, Buddy Holly, and rhythm & blues are examples of:

a. Social Media in the 1950’s

b. Motion Pictures in the 1950’s

c. Television in the 1950’s

d. Rock n Roll of the 1950’s
48.) I Love Lucy, Leave it to Beaver, Father Knows Best, Westerns are examples of:

a. Social Media in the 1950’s

b. Motion Pictures in the 1950’s

c. Television in the 1950’s

d. Rock n Roll of the 1950’s
49.) Ben Hur, the Ten Commandments, The Day the Earth Stood Still, Rebel Without a Cause, and Rear Widow

are examples of:

a. Social Media in the 1950’s

b. Motion Pictures in the 1950’s

c. Television in the 1950’s

d. Rock n Roll of the 1950’s


50.) The expression of nonconformity to 1950’s culture and free literary expression by artists and poets was called:

a. The Hippie Movement

b. The Beat Movement

c. The Teenage Rebellion



d. The Beginning of the End for Society


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