1. In post-Civil War America, Indians surrendered their lands only when they

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1. In post-Civil War America, Indians surrendered their lands only when they

2. In the warfare that raged between the Indians and the American military, the

3. The Indians battled whites for all the following reasons except to

4. Match each Indian chief below with his tribe.

5. As a result of the defeat of Captain William Fetterman's command,

6. The Plains Indians were finally forced to surrender

7. The Nez Percì Indians of Idaho were goaded into war when

8. The buffalo were nearly exterminated

9. A Century of Dishonor (1881), which chronicled the dismal history of Indian-white relations, was authored by

10. The humanitarians who wanted to treat the Indians kindly

11. To assimilate Indians into American society, the Dawes Act did all of the following except

12. The United States government's outlawing of the Indian Sun (Ghost) Dance in 1890 resulted in the

13. The Dawes Severalty Act was designed to promote Indian

14. Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) Dawes Severalty Act is passed; (B) Oklahoma land rush takes place; (C) Indians are granted full citizenship; (D) Congress restores the tribal basis of Indian life.

15. The enormous mineral wealth taken from the mining frontier

16. The mining frontier played a vital role in

17. Bitter conflict between whites and Indians intensified

18. The wild frontier towns where the three major cattle trails from Texas ended were

19. One problem with the Homestead Act was that

20. The Homestead Act assumed that public land would be administered in such a way as to

21. The Homestead Act

22. A major problem faced by settlers on the Great Plains in the 1870s was

23. In the long run, the group that did the most to shape the modern West was the

24. "Sooners" were settlers who "jumped the gun" to

25. Among the following, the least likely to migrate to the cattle and farming frontier were

26. In 1890, when the superintendent of the census announced that a frontier line was no longer visible,

27. Which of the following provides the least valid support for the theory that the frontier served as a "safety valve" for American social discontent and economic conflict?

28. Cities like Denver and San Francisco served as a major "safety valve" by providing

29. The area of the country in which the federal government has done the most to aid economic and social development is

30. The real "safety valve" in the late nineteenth century was

31. In the decades after the Civil War, most American farmers

32. The root cause of the American farmers' problem after 1880 was

33. In the last decades of the nineteenth century, the volume of agricultural goods __________, and the price received for these goods __________.

34. Late-nineteenth-century farmers believed that their difficulties stemmed primarily from

35. With agricultural production rising dramatically in the post-Civil War years,

36. Farmers were slow to organize and promote their interest because they

37. The first major farmers' organization was the

38. The original purpose of the Grange was to

39. In several states, farmers helped to pass the "Granger Laws," which

40. The Farmers' Alliance was formed to

41. The Farmers' Alliance was especially weakened by

42. The Populist Party arose as the direct successor to

43. The Populist Party's presidential candidate in 1892 was

44. Which one of the following was not among influential Populist leaders?

45. In a bid to win labor's support, the Populist Party

46. The Populists

47. During the 1892 presidential election, large numbers of southern white farmers refused to desert the Democratic Party and support the Populist Party because

48. Jacob Coxey and his "army" marched on Washington, D.C., to

49. Which one of the following was least sympathetic to workers and farmers hard-pressed by the Depression of 1893?

50. President Grover Cleveland justified federal intervention in the Pullman strike of 1894 on the grounds that

51. Match each individual with his role in the Pullman strike:

___ A. Richard Olney 1. Head of the American Railway Union

___ B. Eugene V. Debs that organized the strike

___ C. George Pullman 2. Governor of Illinois who sympathized

___ D. John P. Altgeld with the striking workers

3. United States attorney general who

brought in federal troops to crush

the strike

4. Owner of the "palace railroad car"

company and the company town where

the strike began

52. Labor unions, Populists, and debtors saw in the brutal Pullman episode

53. The Pullman strike created the first instance of

54. The Depression of the 1890s and episodes like the Pullman Strike made the election of 1896 shape up as

55. Which of the following was not among the qualifications that helped William McKinley earn the Republican presidential nomination in 1896?

56. Mark Hanna, the Republican president-maker, believed that the prime function of government was to

57. The Democratic party nominee for president in 1896 was __________; the Republicans nominated __________; and the Populists endorsed __________.

58. All of the following characteristics describe William Jennings Bryan in 1896 except that

59. William Jennings Bryan gained the presidential nomination of the Democratic party because he

60. In the election of 1896, the major issue became

61. One key to the Republican victory in the 1896 presidential election was the

62. The strongest ally of Mark Hanna and the Republicans in the 1896 presidential election was

63. The 1896 presidential election marked the last time that

64. The 1896 victory of William McKinley ushered in a long period of Republican dominance that was accompanied by

65. As president, William McKinley can best be described as

66. The monetary inflation needed to relieve the social and economic hardships of the late nineteenth century eventually came as a result of

67. Factors eventually leading to the defeat of the Plains Indians included

68. Frontier towns where cattle were shipped east after being driven north on the "Long Drive" from Texas included

69. The decline of the long drive and the cattle boom resulted from

70. Late nineteenth-century Populist farmers held grievances against

71. Pro-farmer and Populist leaders of the 1880s and 1890s included

72. The Populists' political program called for

73. Populists and labor unions charged that there was a conspiracy between the government and big business because the federal courts

74. In the presidential election of 1896, McKinley carried

75. The consolidation of Republican power and eclipse of the Populists after the 1896 elections can be attributed to

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