1. Historical facts


METAPHYSICAL POETRY (HANDOUT 1B)



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METAPHYSICAL POETRY (HANDOUT 1B)


  • Jacobean and Caroline age (1603-1649) with its doubts, disunity and disharmony

  • Mannerism: late-Renaissance; artifice and form emphasized

  • key words: metaphysical (Dryden: ’philosophical’, Dr. Johnson: ’learned’), wit and conceit – sophisticated, intellectualized poetry

  • metaphysical conceit: extreme kind of metaphor bringing together far-fetched things to show up unexpected turns in images and analogy – not without irony and paradox; many-leveled comparison

  • expressions from all kinds of fields: everyday physical reality, scientific and philosophical concerns, alchemy, fantasy



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