Battle of Quebec – the battle that changed the course of the war. Before this important Battle the French were winning. When the English defeated France at the Battle of Quebec, it was a new beginning for England and the start of the end for France. After taking the capitol city of Quebec, England moved on to capture Montreal which was the business and economic center of New France.
3. List the role of each of the people listed below played in the French and Indian War
George Washington – ordered by the Virginia governor to drive the French out of the Ohio River Valley and failed. Young and inexperienced, George picked a spot to set up fort that was “Charming” instead of strategically sound. The spot was low in a valley which allowed the French to surround them. Additionally, rain poured down and had no where to drain and soaked their gun powder and other supplies. The French named this for Fort Necessity.
Edward Braddock – Led the second attempt to drive the French out of the Ohio River Valley. He too failed as the British in their bright red uniforms became easy to see and ambush
William Pitt – Britain’s Secretary of State who threw large amounts of money into the war for supplies and weapons and the furnishing of more troops
Pontiac – an Ottawa chief angry with the terms of the Treaty of Paris which gave zero land to the Indians. He began and led a 2 year uprising, attacking white settlers in the Ohio River Valley and burning cabins.
The colonists did not want to give up state’s power/rights
Colonists were afraid it would mean more taxes for them
English treatment of the Native vs French treatment of Native Americans:
The French were friendly with the Native Americans. They did not set up permanent settlements here. They simply were in North America to trap beaver and take the furs back to France to sell
The English on the other hand, did set up permanent settlements. This meant they kept taking land that belonged to the Natives. They wanted the land for its resources. The English kept forcing Native Americans off land that they claimed for England and themselves