c. Hawaii lacked metallurgy, system of writing C. New Zealand
1. Second migration to New Zealand
a. Maori culture of New Zealand
- Dominated by priests and nobles
- Lacked metallurgy
- Concentrated on use of indigenous species
2. All of these developments occurred in total isolation from other civilizations.
XV. The Changes in World History A. The 15th century was an era of critical transitions involving world trade and the relative power of civilizations.
B. As in the 20th century, newly dynamic civilizations challenged those that had previously dominated. Technology played a key role. XVI. Global Connections A. This period saw change and continuity in global networks. Old trade networks, like Middle Eastern Muslim networks, took place in a new context, such as the Mongol empire, which emphasized new land-based routes. Mongol decline shifted attention to sea-based routes. New states arose using new or diffused technologies. Social structures were changing, too.
B. The key continuity was the interest and dependence of many regions on interregional trade.