Before the Civil Rights Movement of the late 1960’s began, small concessions to the African-American freedom/equality cause had been made (Document C, Desegregation of Armed Forces)
New legislation to better the lives and experiences of blacks in the United States was written and enacted, due in part to 1) the assassination of JFK and a desire to continue his pro-desegregationist views and 2) to the marches and protests of Civil Rights leaders like MLK, Malcolm X, Rosa Parks, etc. who fought for the freedom of blacks (Documents B - Brown v. Board ruling, D - Voting Rights Act, and E - Civil Rights Act)
2. Civil Rights/Society
Blacks were organizing rallies, marches, and protests to try to bring attention to their plight. At these protests, however, the hatred and bigotry of many whites (especially Southern whites) was displayed, and many people ended up receiving injuries or being jailed (Document G - fire hoses used against protesters in Birmingham)
Even after the passing of the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Act, most whites still didn’t want to desegregate, and government and military intervention became necessary to enforce the laws that had been passed to ensure equality for African-Americans (Documents A - Desegregation of Central High School and F - 101st Airborne and Little Rock 9)
There were some white leaders who agreed with the blacks’ fight for freedom and equality and supported their cause. They didn’t, however, agree with the methods employed to help reach the goals of the Civil Rights Movement’s leaders, even though such methods were peaceful and nonviolent (Document H - article from Birmingham News)
Small concessions were made to bring some justice to blacks
Civil Rights Movement angered and frightened some people who resisted desegregation and black equality and showed it ostentatiously
Movement gained support from leaders who agreed with the cause but not necessarily the methods
Efforts of blacks and assassination of sympathetic JFK led to passing of Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act despite fervent opposition
"AP US History Exam Preparation Assignment." WikiFreccia. 2008. 16 Apr. 2008
“Google Answers: New York Times article, 1963 from white clergymen in Birmingham, Alabama, to MLK.” Google Answers. < http://local.google.com/answers/threadview?id=431324>.
“http://i165.photobucket.com/albums/u51/vkr_bibin/Life/Birmingham-3.jpg.” Photobucket. 17 April, 2008. < http://i165.photobucket.com/albums/u51/vkr_bibin/Life/Birmingham-3.jpg>.
“Image:101st Airborne at Little Rock Central High.jpg.” Wikipedia. 17 April, 2008. .
“Our Documents – Transcript of Executive Order 10730: Desegregation of Central High School (1957).” OurDocuments. 14 April, 2008. <http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=89&page=transcript>.
“Our Documents – Transcript of Brown v. Board of Education (1954).” Our Documents. 14 April, 2008. <http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?doc=87&page=transcript>.
“Our Documents – Transcript of Executive Order 9981: Desegregation of the Armed Forces (1948).” OurDocuments. 14 April, 2008. .
“Our Documents – Transcript of Voting Rights Act (1965).” Our Documents. 14 April, 2008. <http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?doc=100&page=transcript>.
“Our Documents – Transcript of Civil Rights Act (1964).” Our Documents. 17 April, 2008. .
Outline Unit VII – Question 1(Part C)
Secretary of Treasury Andrew Mellon’s tax policies favored rapid expansion of capital investment
New oil fields
Assembly line production
Providing electric power, especially for cars (30 million cars by 1930)
Advertising = people want more more more, bigger and better things
Sports = $
George H. (“Babe”) Ruth, fans bought so many tickets that Yankee Stadium became known at “the house that Ruth built”
Jack Dempsey knocks out French heavyweight Georges Carpentier
Buying on credit
Allows people to buy radios, cars, refrigerators, vacuum cleaners
Americans demanded British products, but the British population could not absorb many more of the Colonial products, so the colonists traded with France and other European countries (tobacco) as well as the West Indies (food and forest products)
eventually led to the Molasses Act (no trade with other countries) but then the colonists just smuggled things around the law, because the British were not enforcing it
Church of England/Anglican Church officail religion of Georgia, North and South Carolina, Virginia, Maryland and part of New York
Come to colonies for religious freedom (Puritans, Separatists, Presbyterians, Jewish, Quakers etc.)
Congregational Church of New England (except Rhode Island)